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Subthalamus

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Title: Subthalamus  
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Subject: Diencephalon, Fields of forel, Thalamic fasciculus, Ansa lenticularis, Central nervous system
Collection: Basal Ganglia, Diencephalon
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Subthalamus

Subthalamus
Coronal slices of human brain showing the basal ganglia, subthalamic nucleus (STN) and substantia nigra (SN). STN is in subthalamus; SN is not.
Identifiers
MeSH A08.186.211.730.385.800
NeuroNames hier-417
NeuroLex ID Subthalamus
Dorlands
/Elsevier
s_28/12767157
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The subthalamus or prethalamus is a part of the diencephalon.[1] Its most prominent structure is the subthalamic nucleus. The subthalamus connects to the globus pallidus, a basal nucleus of the telencephalon.[2]

Contents

  • Structure 1
  • Connections 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Structure

The subthalamus is located ventral to the thalamus, medial to the internal capsule and lateral to the hypothalamus. It is a region formed by several grey matter nuclei and their associated white matter structures, namely:[3]

During development the subthalamus is continuous with the hypothalamus, but is separated by white matter fibres mainly from the internal capsule. Caudally, the subthalamus or prethalamus is separated from the thalamus by the zona limitans intrathalamica.

Postnatally, the subthalamus lies beneath the thalamus, hence 'sub' (meaning below) 'thalamus'. It also lies dorsolateral to the hypothalamus.

Connections

The subthalamus develops efferent (output) connections to the striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen) in the telencephalon, to the dorsal thalamus (medial and lateral nuclear groups) in the diencephalon, and to the red nucleus and substantia nigra in the mesencephalon. It receives afferent (input) connections from the substantia nigra and striatum.

See also

References

  1. ^ "subthalamus". 
  2. ^ "Theme atlas of anatomy: head and neuroanathomy". 
  3. ^ Carpenter, M. (1991). Core Text of Neuroanatomy. Williams & Wilkins.  

External links

  • http://isc.temple.edu/neuroanatomy/lab/atlas/pdhn/
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