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Sultan Bahoo

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Sultan Bahoo

Sultan Bahu
سلطان باہو
File:Darbarsharif.jpg
Shrine of Sultan Bahu
Born ?1628
Died ?1691
Ethnicity Awan (Pakistan)
Known for Sufism, Poetry, Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order
Title Bahu(with God) and Faani fi'llahi (Annihilated in God)
Religion Islam

Sultan Bahu (Punjabi: سلطان باہو) (ca 1628 – 1691) was a Muslim Sufi who founded the Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order and was considered by his followers to be a saint.

Sultan Bahu was born in Anga, Soon Valley, Sakesar in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. More than forty books on Sufism are attributed to him, mostly in Persian. Most of his books deal with specialized aspects of Islam and Islamic mysticism, but his Punjabi poetry had popular appeal and made him a household name in the region. His verses are sung in many genres of Sufi music including qawwali and kafi. Tradition has established a unique style of singing his couplets.

Sultan Bahu is a direct descendant of Ali, the cousin of Muhammad. He is Hashimi, and belongs to the Awan tribe which traces its descent from Ameer Shah, son of Qutub Shah.

The mausoleum of Sultan Bahu located in Garh Maharaja, Punjab, Pakistan was originally built on his grave but has had to be moved twice when the Chenab River changed its course. It is a popular Sufi shrine, and the annual Urs festival commemorating his death is celebrated with great fervour. The Urs festival is held during the month of Muharram. Every year on the 9th of Muharram, a ghusal (bath) is also conducted under the supervision of Muhammad Najeeb Sultan, Sajjada Nasheen (Chair-holder) of the Sultan Bahu shrine, in which the descendants of Sultan Bahu wash his shrine with rose water.

There is a trust under the name of Hazrat Sultan Bahu, called Hazrat Sultan Bahu Trust working scene 1983 in UK and Pakistan. One his descendant's Sahibzada Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan is the chairman, Sahibzada Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan is the most active descendant of Sultan Bahu, Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan Sarwari Qadri was born on 1 October 1955 in Darbar Huzoor, Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay) District Shorkowt Jhang Pakistan. Sahibzada Sultan Fiaz-ul-Hassan S. Qadri is an Islamic Scholar and Spiritual Sufi Master from Pakistan.

Patron and chief of Hazrat Sultan Bahu Trust and (Ameer) Almi Dawat-e-Islamia Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri is the direct descendant of the great Sufi saint and mystic the Sultan ul Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay). The progeny of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay) is from the family of Hazrat Ali (Rahmatullahi Alay).

Click here to read the Shajrah from Hazrat Sultan Bahu (R.A) to Hazrat Sultan Fiaz Ul Hassan Qadri Sahib.

Sahibzada Sultan Fiaz-ul-Hassan S. Qadri is the founding leader of Hazrat Sultan Bahu Trust, a worldwide organizations whose stated aims are to increase Islamic education with secular education, reach those poor and orphans to provide them education and social service and to present a realistic true picture of Islam throughout the world. He is also founding member of Islamic Help (UK), which is for the provision of welfare for the needy. And which was launched with the principle motive of helping mankind in all possible walks of life. The grave poverty and the catastrophic events are saddening and shocking reminders of the horrific sufferings endured by millions around the world.

Their father, Hazrat Sultan Muhammad Hassan (Rahmatullahi Alay) was a Shining Star of Sufi World, Prince of Sultan-ul-Arifeen and a high ranking saint of his time. Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri gained there basic college education from Jhang alongside their religious and spiritual education in Astana-e-Hassan Darbar Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay).

From an early age Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri had leadership qualities and the love for the propagation of Islam in a loving and passionate manner. Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri began at an early age to gain the companionship and love of Ulema and Masha’ik of the time through journeys conducted with his father Hazrat Sultan Muhammad Hassan (Rahmatullahi Alay). Through these spiritual journeys Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri gained banks of knowledge in the field of Islamic history and gained insight into the spiritual teachings of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay).

The journeys undertaken by Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri at an early age developed the true sense of love of the Prophet Muhammad (Sall Allahu Alayhi Wasallam) within him and enhanced his practical application of the Sunnah and traditions of the Prophet (Sall Allahu Alayhi Wasallam). Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri developed not only the spiritual Tareeqat though his spiritual lineage but also a love for the basic and fundamental teachings of Islam which perfected his fulfillment of the Shari’a.

In 1972 Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri set out to Lahore alongside his four brothers for the completion of his higher studies. In 1976 on the completion of his higher education he began completing his Islamic education under the supervision of his father who was a great admirer and lover of education and prominent scholars of the time.

Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri was blessed from his birth with the direct communication with Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay) which enhanced his spiritual strength and knowledge of Sufi wisdom. He has been blessed with special favours and blessings from Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay) which today are being showered upon his mureeds and students throughout the world. It was for this reason that upon the death of his father in 1978 the many mureeds of Hazrat Sultan Muhammad Hassan (Rahmatullahi Alay) re-pledged their allegiance and took Bait (oath) on the hands of Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri.

Bazm-e-Faizan -e-Bahu was formed in 1976 to spread the Sufi teachings of his elders and to reaffirm the teachings of peace and love through the Sufi way. In 1980 Hazrat Sultan Bahu Trust was formed to spread the light of knowledge and alongside it Almi Dawat-e-Islamia to propagate the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (Sall Allahu Alayhi Wasallam).

In 1981 Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri conducted his first spiritual journey to the UK where hundreds of Muhibeen (lovers) came to welcome them at Heathrow airport. They realized the yearning and potential for knowledge and understanding of Islam within the UK and after offering the bait to many hundreds of mureeds through the years in 1983 they established Hazrat Sultan Bahu Trust in the populous city of Birmingham.

Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri has also authored several books and supervised publication on Sultan-ul-Arifeen, Sultan-ul-Faqr, Hazrat Sheikh Sultan Bahu (Rahmatullahi Alay)

During the decades, Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri has been going worldwide to propagate the message of Islam. And, in May 2009, Sahibzada Sheikh Sultan Fiaz ul Hassan S. Qadri was also elected President of Pakistan Masha’ikh Council. The Aims of PMC is to safe-guard Pakistan from all kind of external interference, to have Islamic Shari’a in Pakistan and at the same time avoid so called fake Islamic Shari’a. Pakistan was established by the sacrifice, struggle, efforts and Du’a of Mashaikh and will be safe by Mashaikh.

Spiritual Genealogy / Tareeqa

Sultan Bahu belonged to the Qadiri Sufi order, and later initiated his own offshoot, Sarwari Qadiri. He refers to Muhiyuddin Abdul Qadir Gilani as his spiritual Master in a number of his books and poetry, though Abdul Qadir Gilani died long before the birth of Sultan Bahu. However some Sufis maintain that Abdul Qadir Gilani has a special role in the mystic world and that all orders and saints are always indebted to him directly or indirectly in some way.

Sultan Bahu's education began with his mother, Mai Rasti, herself a saintly woman who has her own Mausoleum in Shorkot, Punjab, Pakistan. She told him to seek spiritual guidance from a wali (friend of God). After some time he moved to Delhi for further 'polishing' under the guidance of Sheikh Abdul Rehman al Qadari. Soon Sheikh Abdul Rehman al Qadari felt that he can not add anything to Sultan Bahu's knowledge as Sultan Bahu already knew more than Sheikh Abdul Rehman al Qadari. This did not take long, after which Sultan Bahu returned to his own, familiar surroundings.

The complete spiritual lineage (Silsila) of Sultan Bahu is as follows:

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib
  • Hassan Basri
  • Shah Habib Al Ajami
  • Daud Tai
  • Maruf Karkhi
  • Sari As Saqäti
  • Shaykh Junayd Baghdadi
  • Abu Bakr Shibli
  • Walid Abdul Wahid
  • Abul Farrah Yusuf
  • Sheikh bu Hassan
  • Sheikh bu Saeed Al Mubarak
  • Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
  • Abdur Razzaq
  • Abdul Jabbar
  • Yahya Wali
  • Sheikh Najmuddin
  • Abdul Sattar
  • Abdul Baqa
  • Syed Abdul Jalil (Sath Shahani)
  • Abdûr-Rahman (Dehli)
  • Sultan Bahu (Shorkot, Jhang, Pakistan)
  • Sain Noor Ahmed(Sarwari Qadiri)
  • Sufi Abdul Karim(Sarwari Qadiri)

Genealogy

Sultan Bahu was of the progeny of Ali, cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. His family is thus Hashemi, and his tribe Awan. The Awan tribe trace their ancestry to Ameer Shah, son of Qutub Shah.

After the incident of Karbala, the household of Muhammad had to migrate to other lands. Many of his descendants who lived in Egypt and nearby lands departed for Turkistan and Iran due to persecution at the hands of Hujjaj bin Yusuf.

As time went by, they resettled in places such as Bukhara in Turkistan, Hamadan in Iran, and Baghdad in Iraq. Some migrated to Khurasan and others to Herat in the mountainous regions of present day Afghanistan. The ancestors of Sultan Bahu migrated and settled in South Asia, and the father of Sultan Bahu, Bazid Muhammed, became an important titleholder at the court of the Mughal emperors of South Asia.

Literary works

The actual number of books written by Sultan Bahu is not certain. According to tradition, he is supposed to have authored over one hundred and forty works and treatises. The following is a list of the important works of Sultan Bahu that still exist today, and can be traced back to him with credibility.

  • Abiyaat-e-Bahoo
  • Risala-e-Ruhi
  • Nurul Huda (Kalaan)
  • Nurul Huda (Khurd)
  • Aql Baidaar
  • Mahq-ul-Fuqar (Kalaan)
  • Mahq-ul-Fuqar (Khurd)
  • Aurang-Shaahi
  • Jami-il-Asraar
  • Taufiq-Hedaayat
  • Kaleed Tauheed (Kalaan)
  • Kaleed Tauheed (Khurd)
  • Ainul Faqr
  • Shamsul Arifeen
  • Magzane Faiz
  • Asrare Qaderi
  • Kaleed Jannat
  • Muhqamul Fuqar (Kalaan)
  • Muhqamul Fuqar (Khurd)
  • Majaalis-tun Nabi
  • Muftahul Arifeen
  • Hujjatul Asraar
  • Jannatul Firdaus
  • Kash-ful Asraar
  • Muhabbatul Asraar
  • Panj Ganj
  • Fazlul Laqa

Following books are said to written by Sultan Bahoo, however there are not enough evidences to prove that claim

  • Ganjul Asraar
  • Ameerul Konain



Sultan Bahu wrote in his book Risala-e-Roohi:

He is playing the game of love by Himself
He Himself is the sight
He Himself is the seer
He Himself is the seen

He Himself is Love
He Himself is the lover
He Himself is the beloved

if you lift the veil
(you will see) that in reality, there is only One
Duality is only owing to your squint eyes

I say this, the author of this book
who resides in the sanctuary of His beauty (Jamal)
and grandeur (Jalal)

(I am) the 'Ha' of Howiyet
completely absorbed in witnessing the absolute Being
gifted by the Witnessed Omnipresence
(gifted by) the Worshipped One
(I am he) who swings in the cradle of
praise me, how great is my splendour
who being at the station of highest respect
wears the crown of Knowledge of God,
and the crown of His Oneness,
and on whose shoulders
is the robe of reconciliation and purification

(who is at the station of)
'You are me and I am you'

(who was given) the title of 'from the truth'
(by) the Absolute Truth

the secret of the Entity of 'Hu' (Him)
Faqeer Bahu (May his secret be sanctified)
known as Awan resident of the vicinity of Shorekote
may Allah safeguard him from mischief and oppression[1]

Completely absorbed in the 'Ha' of 'Howiyet'
the author of this book states that
when truly divine grace and favour
was bestowed upon me
which I received as a blessing in the truest sense
then He, who is stationed
at the highest, holiest stations of divine light (noor)
The prophet Muhammad
instructed me to guide the people

may they be Muslims,
may they be non-believers,
may they be the fortunate,
may they be the unfortunate ones,
may they be destined to find the truth,
may they be destined to be doomed,
may they be living,
may they be deceased,

Because from his holy tongue,
which emanates the secrets
(The prophet has called me)
Mustafa the second and Mujtaba of the last days[2]

See also

Poetry portal

Further reading

  • "Great Sufi Poets of The Punjab" by R. M. Chopra (in English), 1999.

References

External links

  • Kalam e Sultan Bahu (text in shahmukhi)
  • Kalam e Sultan Bahu (text in gurmukhi)
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