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Sultan of Brunei

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Sultan of Brunei

Sultan of Brunei
Monarchy

Arms of His Majesty the Sultan of Brunei
Incumbent:
Hassanal Bolkiah

Style: His Majesty
Heir apparent: Al-Muhtadee Billah
First monarch: Muhammad Shah
Formation: 1405

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The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei. He is also head of government in his capacity as Prime Minister.[1] Since independence from the British in 1984, only one Sultan has reigned, though the royal institution dates back to the 14th century.[2]

The full title of the Sultan is: His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.[1]

List of Sultans

The following is the list of Sultans of Brunei since 1363:[2]

Name Reign Remarks
From Until
Muhammad Shah 1363 1402
Abdul Majid Hassan (Maharaja Karna) 1402 1408 Died in Nanjing, China.
Ahmad 1408 1425
Sharif Ali 1425 1432
Sulaiman 1432 1485
Bolkiah 1485 1524
Abdul Kahar 1524 1530
Saiful Rijal 1533 1581 Castille War broke out between Brunei and Spain.
Shah Berunai 1581 1582
Muhammad Hassan 1582 1598
Abdul Jalilul Akbar 1598 1659
Abdul Jalilul Jabbar 1659 1660
Muhammad Ali 1660 1661
Abdul Hakkul Mubin 1660 1673
Muhyiddin 1673 1690
Nassaruddin 1690 1710
Hussin Kamaluddin 1710 1730 First reign
Muhammad Alauddin 1730 1737
Hussin Kamaluddin 1737 1740 Second reign
Omar Ali Saifuddin I 1740 1795
Muhammad Tajuddin 1795 1807
Muhammad Jamalul Alam I 1804 1804
Muhammad Kanzul Alam 1807 1826
Muhammad Alam 1826 1828
Omar Ali Saifuddin II 1828 1852 Brunei ceded Sarawak to James Brooke
Abdul Momin 1852 30 May 1885 Brunei ceded North Borneo (later known as Sabah).
Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin 30 May 1885 10 May 1906 United Kingdom established protectorate over Brunei in 1888
Muhammad Jamalul Alam II 10 May 1906 11 September 1924
Ahmad Tajuddin 11 September 1924 4 June 1950
Omar Ali Saifuddien III 4 June 1950 4 October 1967 Abdicated; died on 7 September 1986
Hassanal Bolkiah 4 October 1967 Present Brunei regained independence from the United Kingdom in 1984

See also

References

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