Sultanate of bengal

Sultanate of Bengal
শাহী বাংলা
شاه‌ای‌بنگله

 

14th century–16th century
 

 

Assam, as well as a vassal state in Western Burma (Kingdom of Arakan)
Capital
Languages Bengali (official), Persian (official), Arabic
Religion Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
Government Monarchy
History
 -  Middle ages 14th century
 -  Early modern 16th century
Currency Tanka
Today part of  Bangladesh
 Burma
 India





The Bengal Sultanate (Bengali: শাহী বাংলা, Shahi Bangla, Persian: شاه‌ای‌بنگله, Shahi Bangalah) refers to the reign of five short-lived semi-independent Muslim dynasties in Bengal, the eastern deltaic region of the Indian subcontinent, during the Middle Ages. The first Sultan was Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah, who declared independence from the Delhi Sultanate in 1342 and proclaimed himself as the independent Sultan of Bengal in Gaur. Over the course of the next three centuries, rulers of Turkic, Bengali, Arab, Abyssinian and Afghan origins, would rule the sultanate.

The sultanate began to disintegrate after the fall of the Hussain Shahi dynasty in the 16th-century, and was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576.

History

In 1342, a local warlord, Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah proclaimed himself as monarch of the Kingdom of Lakhnauti. He would go on to consolidate his rule by conquering the other independent kingdoms of Bengal before proclaiming himself as Sultan of Bengal in 1352.

The absorption of Bengal into the Mughal Empire was a gradual process beginning with the defeat of Bengali forces under Sultan Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah by Babur at the battle of Ghaghra.

List of Sultans

Ilyas Shahi dynasty

See Ilyas Shahi dynasty

Muhammad Shahi dynasty

Raja Ganesha kingdom

Muhammad Shahi dynasty

Restored Ilyas Shahi dynasty

See Ilyas Shahi dynasty

Habshi rule

  • Shahzada Barbak (1486–1487)
  • Saifuddin Firuz Shah (1487–1489)
  • Mahmud Shah II (1489–1490)
  • Shamsuddin Muzaffar Shah (1490–1494)

Hussain Shahi dynasty

Bengal Governors under Afghan rule (Sur dynasty) of Delhi Sultanate

  • Sher Shah (r.ruler of Bengal from 1532–1538; ruler of Delhi from 1539–1545)
  • Khidr Khan (r.1538-1541)
  • Qazi Fazilat (r.1541-1545)
  • Muhammad Khan Sur (r.1545-1554 as the Governor of Bengal)
  • Shahbaz Khan (r.1555)

Afghan Muhammad Shahi Dynasty

Karrani Dynasty

Mint towns

Economy

Culture

Foreign relations

See also

References

  • The Bengal Sultanate: Politics, Economy and Coins, A.D. 1205-1576, Syed Ejaz Hussain (2003)
  • The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, Richard M. Eaton (1996)
  • Sultans and Mosques: The Early Muslim Architecture of Bangladesh, Perween Hasan (2007)
  • Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the South Philippines, Southern Thailand and Western Burma/Myanmar, Moshe Yegar (2002), Part One: The Muslims of Arakan
  • The Grammar of Sultanate Mosque in Bengal Architecture, Nujaba Binte Kabir (2012)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.