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Sunni Bohra

Sunni Bohra or Vohra
Total population
1,038,000 [1]
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan United Kingdom South Africa
Languages
GujaratiSindhiHindiUrduKutchiEnglish
Religion
Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
Gujarati MuslimsMemonKhojaBohra

Sunni Vohras or Sunni Bohras (Charotar being the name of the region in the Indian state of Gujarat where their ancestors are originally from.

Contents

  • History and distribution 1
  • Organizations 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History and distribution

In the 15th century, there was schism in Bohra community of Patan, Gujarat as large number converted from Mustaali Ismaili to Hanafi Sunni fiqh. The leader of this conversion movement to Sunni was Syed Jafar Ahmad Shirazi. Thus this new group is known as Jafari Bohras and Patani Bohras. In 1538, Syed Jafar Ahmad Shirazi convinced Patani Bohras to cease social relations with Ismaili Bohras. The cumulative results of these pressures resulted in over one million Dawoodi Bohra consituting over 80% Bohra community converting from Ismaili Shia Fiqh to Sunni Hanafi Fiqh.[2]

Traditionally, they have been traders and most of them have the suffix wala in their last name to designate either their ancestral trade or their ancestral village. Many Sunni Bohras/Vohras are educated professionals with a large number of bankers, doctors and engineers among them.

Sunni Vohras/Bohras have large communities in the major cities of Gujarat such as Ahmedabad and Surat as well as in smaller towns such as Patan, Himmatnagar, Visnagar, Bhavnagar, Mahesana, Kadi, Kalol, etc. and in Saurashtra, in Una, Veraval, Junagadh, Jetpur, Porbandar, Mangrol and Diu. There is a large community also based in Mumbai. After independence in 1947, many members of the community moved to Pakistan from India and there is a 215,500 strong community in Karachi. Recently, many Sunni Bohras/Vohras from Ahmedabad, Surat, Karachi and Bombay have migrated to the United States, Canada, Australia and the Persian Gulf countries forming small pockets of communities throughout many cities (numbering upwards of 1000 people at events in Chicago suburb, Harvey, Illinois, US).[3]

Organizations

  • Gujarat Patni Sunni Jamaat Qaume Bawahir Federation, Himmatnagar
  • Sunnat Jamaat Qaum-e-Bawahir (SJKB), Ahmedabad
  • Patni Sunnat Jamaat, Surat
  • Jamaat-e-Gujrati Saudagaran Pakistan
  • Kathiawar Sunni Vohra Jamat
  • Charotar Muslim Anjuman, Karachi
  • Charotar Sunni Vahora Community, Anand, Mahemdavad, Petlad, Umreth, Chicago, New Jersey, London, Sydney

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php
  2. ^ Patani Bohras
  3. ^ "Gujrati Demography". 

External links

  • Jamaat-e-Gujrati Saudagaran Pakistan
  • THE MUMBAI CHAROTAR SUNNI VOHRA [TRUST]
  • Jamaat-e-Gujrati Saudagaran Pakistan
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