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Suona la tromba

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Title: Suona la tromba  
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Subject: Compositions by Giuseppe Verdi, Goffredo Mameli, String Quartet (Verdi), Teatro Verdi (Brindisi), Un dì, felice, eterea
Collection: 1848 Compositions, Compositions by Giuseppe Verdi
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Suona la tromba

Cover of the score of "Suona la tromba" published in 1865 in the series Euterpe Patria

"Suona la tromba" (The trumpet sounds) or "Inno popolare" (Hymn of the people) was a secular hymn composed by Giuseppe Verdi in 1848 to a text by the Italian poet and patriot Goffredo Mameli. The work's title comes from the opening line of Mameli's poem. It has sometimes been referred to as "Grido di guerra" and "Euterpe Patria".

Background

The piece begins with the line: "Suona la tromba, ondeggiano le insegne gialle e nere." ("The trumpet sounds, the yellow and black flags are waving."), a reference to the yellow and black flag of the [1] Mameli finished the poem in late August, and Mazzini immediately sent it to Verdi who was living and working in Paris at the time. Verdi sent the finished work, composed for a three part male chorus without accompaniment, to Mazzini on 18 October 1848. In the accompanying letter Verdi wrote:

I send you the hymn, and even if it is a bit late, I hope it will arrive in time. I have tried to be as popular and easy as I can be. Make use of it as you see fit: even burn it if you do not think it worthy.[2][3]

Publication and performance history

In his letter to Mazzini of 18 October 1848, Verdi had recommended that if Mazzini wished to publish the hymn, he give it to Carlo Pozzi, an affiliate of Verdi's publisher Casa Ricordi. However, before the music reached Mazzini, the Austrian Empire had regained its lost territories and Milan's musical life was once again under the control of the Austrian censors. The numerous patriotic songs and anthems that had been published by Casa Ricordi and Casa Lucca during the brief revolution were withdrawn, with some of those editions destroyed.[1] Mazzini did not try to have "Suona la tromba" officially published at that time, although in late 1848 a few copies of it were printed and circulated in Florence by the short-lived Associazione Nazionale per la Costituente Italiana (National Association for the Italian Constitution).[4][5] Mameli died in 1849 at the age of 22. His earlier poem "Il Canto degli Italiani" (The Song of the Italians) later became the Italian National anthem.

Cover of the 1898 Ricordi anthology, 5 Canti Popolari del 1848

Verdi's score for "Suona la tromba" languished in the Casa Ricordi archives until 1865 when Mazzini gave it to the Milanese music publisher Paolo De Giorgi who brought it out as the first in a series of patriotic songs entitled Euterpe Patria. Verdi's hymn is sometimes referred to as "Euterpe Patria", although the series also included songs by several other composers.[6] As a courtesy, De Giorgi had also asked for Verdi's approval, but Verdi was not happy with the idea and [8][9]

There have been several subsequent arrangements of the hymn, some with orchestration, each tailored to popular tastes of the time.[10] Riccordi published the score arranged for chorus and orchestra in 1898 and also included the hymn in 5 canti popolari del 1848, an anthology of patriotic songs published to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the

  1. ^ a b Opera and Society in Italy and France from Monteverdi to Bourdieu, pp. 181-205. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1139464051
  2. ^ a b Daolmi, Davide (2011). *Cori patriottici e inni popolari. Milano 1848", booklet accompanying the CD Musica del Risorgimento recorded by the La Scala Chamber Orchestra.
  3. ^ Original Italian: "Vi mando l'inno e, sebbene un po' tardi, spero vi arriverà in tempo. Ho cercato d'essere più popolare e facile che mi sia stato possibile. Fatene quell'uso che credete: abbruciatelo anche se non lo credete degno."
  4. ^ a b Foletto, Angelo (7 February 1996). "Ecco il 'Mameli-bis', L'inno firmato Verdi". La Repubblica. Retrieved 19 September 2013 (Italian).
  5. ^ a b Accademia Nazionale d'Arte Antica e Moderna (2013). "Verdi ritrovato: L'unico esemplare sopravvissuto della versione originale dell'Inno popolare di Giuseppe Verdi". Retrieved 19 September 2013 (Italian).
  6. ^ Other composers whose works appeared in the series were Carlo Foldi, Giacomo Calascione, and Angelo Graffigna.
  7. ^ Marvin, Roberta Montemorra (2007) "Introduction", Hymns/Inni (The works of Giuseppe Verdi, Series IV, Vol. 1), pp. xi-xii. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 8875928223
  8. ^ Library of the Milan Conservatory.Grido di guerra: inno popolare / di Giuseppe Verdi : Parole di G. Mameli (LO11198904). Retrieved 19 September 2013 (Italian).
  9. ^ Library of the Milan Conservatory.Inno popolare / di Goffredo Mameli : musicato a voci sole da G.pe Verdi (MUS0266013). Retrieved 19 September 2013 (Italian).
  10. ^ University of Chicago, Center for Italian Opera Studies. "Suona la tromba"Inno popolare

References

The critical edition of the score, edited and annotated by Roberta Montemorra Marvin, was published by University of Chicago Press in 2007. In 2013, the Accademia Nazionale d’Arte Antica e Moderna published what is claimed to be the sole surviving copy of the score printed in Florence in 1848 and found in 2011 in the private archive of the Italian pianist and conductor Antonello Palazzolo.[5]

[2]

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