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Superior Coach Company

Superior Coach Company
Subsidiary of Accubuilt, Inc.
Founded Garford Motor Truck Company, Elyria, Ohio, 1909
Headquarters Lima, Ohio, United States
Area served
North America
Products school buses
professional cars
Parent Sheller-Globe Corporation (1969-1980)
Accubuilt, Inc. (2000-present)
Website http://www.superiorcoaches.com/

Superior Coach was once a school bus body and professional car manufacturer, but today it focuses on building hearses and is located in Lima in Allen County, Ohio.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Garford Motor Truck Company 1.1
    • Superior Body Company 1.2
    • Superior Coach Company 1.3
    • Sheller-Globe Corporation 1.4
    • Carrollton bus disaster 1.5
  • Small businesses emerge from Superior after Sheller-Globe 2
    • Mid Bus: Small school buses 2.1
    • Accubuilt: Professional cars 2.2
  • Bus products 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Garford Motor Truck Company - logo 1912
Russian WWI Garford-Putilov armored car based on a Garford truck

Garford Motor Truck Company

In 1909, the Garford Motor Truck Company was established in Elyria, Ohio, a small town 30 miles outside Cleveland.

By June 1912, the company was awarded a lucrative contract with the United States Post Office. The first order called for 11 trucks; the following for 20 trucks, for a total of 31 trucks. "This is very significant of the practical efficiency of this most advanced commercial car." The post office had experimented for two years "with practically every truck made." They tried not only all the leading American trucks, but the foreign trucks, as well. The test resulted in the Garford being awarded first honors. The Garford proved to be the most practical truck under all conditions.[1]

Truck of the Garford Motor Truck Company
Garford Motor Truck Company 1912

Superior Body Company

In 1925, the company changed its name to the Superior Body Company and moved its operations to Lima, Ohio, where it occupied a new plant housing a large manufacturing facility and administrative offices. The company diversified, introducing a line of hearse and ambulance bodies (known as professional cars and becoming a major producer of school bus bodies for the U.S. and Canada, as well as export markets. For its professional-car platforms, Superior signed an agreement with Studebaker, thus gaining instant access to some 3000 dealers and Studebaker's chassis engineering. The company had continuing success for several years, and on the strength of this arrangement, rose to a prominent position in the professional-car business; by 1930, Superior and Studebaker had the only complete line of professional cars in the North American market. In 1938, having achieved success and having established a dealer network of its own, Superior left the partnership with Studebaker and began building bodies on General Motors platforms.

Superior Coach Company

The company changed its name to Superior Coach Company in 1940. In the years that followed, hearses were styled on Cadillac, LaSalle, and Pontiac chassis. By 1949, the company had added Chrysler, DeSoto, and Dodge chassis to its funeral coach line, offering customers a smaller investment and lower overhead. School bus bodies were built primarily on Chevrolet/GM, Dodge, Ford, and International Harvester truck chassis. In 1951, the Lima facility was expanded and a new facility in Kosciusko, Mississippi, was dedicated.

Sheller-Globe Corporation

In 1969, Superior Coach Company was acquired by an industrial conglomerate and auto parts maker, the Toledo, Ohio-based Sheller-Globe Corporation. The 1977 model year had a major downsizing in the Cadillac automobile chassis used for the professional car business. The ambulance sector switched to larger vehicles based upon van, cutaway van chassis, and truck chassis. The watershed year of 1977 also brought new Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards for school buses built after April 1, which increased both costs and engineering challenges. In addition to higher costs, at the same time, a downturn in North American school bus purchase volumes began as the children of the Baby Boom completed their elementary and secondary educations.

By 1980, Superior was one of the "Big Six" school bus body manufacturing companies in the United States, competing with AmTran the following year, which later became IC Bus.

Faced with these challenges, industry over-capacity among school bus manufacturers, and the loss of ambulance business in the professional car sector, Sheller-Globe Corporation liquidated its Superior-related investments in late 1980, and portions of its assets were sold.

Carrollton bus disaster

In 1988, nearly a decade after Sheller-Globe exited the school bus manufacturing business, a disastrous accident occurred with one of the Superior bus bodies it had built. As of 2010, the Carrollton bus disaster remained one of the two worst bus accidents in U.S. history. The bus had been built only 9 days before the 1977 FMVSS standards would have required additional collision protection of the fuel tank. Although no legal determination of product liability was ever made, Sheller-Globe and Ford Motor Company each contributed substantially to the settlement funds for those injured and the families of those who were killed.

The accident and the legal battle afterward were recounted in a 1994 book by James S. Kuen. Reckless Disregard: Corporate Greed, Government Indifference, and the Kentucky School Bus Crash was published by Simon & Schuster of New York City. (ISBN 0-671-70533-4)

Small businesses emerge from Superior after Sheller-Globe

After Sheller-Globe announced the closure of its Lima bus and professional car manufacturing operations in 1980, several small businesses purchased portions of the assets, and carried on successfully with several product lines.

Mid Bus: Small school buses

Although large school bus manufacturing was discontinued with the 1980 model year, Bluffton, Ohio, was acquired by Collins Industries in 1998.

Accubuilt: Professional cars

In 1981, the funeral car business of Superior was sold to Tom Earnhart. Later that year, it was merged with the largest competitor, the S&S Coach Company.[2] This formed a new company, S&S/Superior of Ohio, to oversee the further development of the two businesses. Manufacturing operations were consolidated at Superior's plant in Lima, which had been expanded 30 years earlier.

As of 2007, Earnhart's venture continues to operate as a portion of Accubuilt, Inc., using the Superior Coach trade name for its line of funeral cars and specialty vehicles. Accubuilt's 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) flagship facility is also the exclusive production plant for the W.P. Chrysler Executive Series 300, a longer-wheelbase version of the Chrysler 300.[2]

Accubuilt's Limousine Division also operates a facility in Springfield, Missouri, that manufactures limousines with wheelbase extensions up to 130 inches (330 cm).[2]

Bus products

Van based;
  • Ford Econoline
  • Chevrolet/GMC G30
  • Dodge
Type A (Partner);
  • Ford Econoline chassis

The partner only lasted for one year.

Type B (Pacemaker);
Type C (Pioneer);
Type D (SuperCruiser)

See also

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

References

Inline
  1. ^ Power Wagon, Issues 92-97. The Power Wagon,  
  2. ^ a b c Accubuilt History, undated, retrieved on 18 February 2009.
General
  • Superior History
  • Superior Body buses
  • Accubuilt Inc. from Answers.com
  • Fundinguniverse.com
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