World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Survivor (U.S. TV series)


Survivor (U.S. TV series)

Genre Reality competition
Created by Charlie Parsons
Presented by Jeff Probst
Starring Survivor contestants
Theme music composer Russ Landau (2000–13)
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 29
No. of episodes 438
Executive producer(s) Charlie Parsons
Mark Burnett
Jeff Probst
David Burris
Running time 43 minutes
Original channel CBS
Picture format 480i (SDTV) (2000–08)
1080i (HDTV) (2008–present)
Original run May 31, 2000 (2000-05-31) – present
Related shows Expedition Robinson
International versions
External links

Survivor is the American version of the Survivor reality game show, itself derived from the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1997 by Charlie Parsons. The series premiered on May 31, 2000, on CBS. It is hosted by television personality Jeff Probst, who is also an executive producer, and also executive produced by Mark Burnett and original creator, Charlie Parsons.

The show maroons a group of strangers (as one or more tribes) in an isolated location, where they must provide food, water, fire, and shelter for themselves, while competing in challenges to earn either a reward, or an immunity from expulsion from the game in the next of the successive votes for elimination. While much less common than elimination by vote, medical conditions, such as injury or infection, have eliminated several contestants. The last two or three survivors face a jury composed of the last seven, eight, or nine players voted off. That jury interrogates the final few, and then votes for the winner of the game, the title of Sole Survivor and a million dollar prize.

The American version has been very successful. From the 2000–01 through the 2005–06 television seasons its first eleven seasons (competitions) rated amongst the top ten most watched shows. It is commonly considered the leader of American reality TV because it was the first highly rated and profitable reality show on broadcast television in the U.S., and is considered one of the best shows of the 2000s (decade).[1][2][3] The series has been nominated for several Emmy Awards, including winning for Outstanding Sound Mixing in 2001, Outstanding Special Class Program in 2002, and was subsequently nominated four times for Outstanding Reality-Competition Program when the category was introduced in 2003. Jeff Probst has won the award for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program four consecutive times since the award was introduced in 2008. In 2007, the series was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all-time.[4]

Season 29, Survivor: San Juan del Sur, debuted on September 24, 2014.[5] The series has also been renewed for Season 30,[6] to premiere on February 25, 2015.[7]


  • Format and rules 1
  • Series overview 2
  • Locations 3
  • U.S. television ratings 4
  • Awards and nominations 5
    • Primetime Emmy Awards 5.1
  • Post-show auctions 6
  • Controversies and legal action 7
  • Merchandise 8
  • DVD releases 9
  • Other media 10
    • Video games 10.1
    • Soundtracks 10.2
    • Thrill ride 10.3
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Format and rules

The first U.S. season of Survivor followed the same general format as the Swedish series. Sixteen or more players are split between two or more "tribes", are taken to a remote isolated location (usually in a tropical climate) and are forced to live off the land with meager supplies for roughly a month. Frequent physical challenges are used to pit the teams against each other for rewards, such as food or luxuries, or for "immunity", forcing the other tribe to attend "Tribal Council", where they must vote off one of their players. Once about half the players are remaining, the tribes are merged into a single tribe, and competitions are on an individual basis; winning immunity prevents that player from being voted out, while several that are voted out at this stage form the game's "jury". Once down to two or three people, a final Tribal Council is held where the remaining players plead their case to the jury members. The jury then votes for which player should be considered the "Sole Survivor" and win the show's prize. In all seasons for the United States version, this has included a $1 million prize in addition to the Sole Survivor title; some seasons have included additional prizes such as a car.

The U.S. version has introduced numerous modifications, or "twists", on the core rules in order to keep the players on their toes and to prevent players from relying on strategies that succeeded in prior seasons. These changes have included tribal switches, seasons starting with more than two tribes, the ability to exile a player from a tribe for a short time, hidden immunity idols that players can use to save themselves at Tribal Council and a chance to return to regular gameplay after elimination through "Redemption Island".

Series overview

The United States version is produced by Mark Burnett and hosted by Jeff Probst. Each competition is called a season, has a unique name, and lasts from 13 to 16 episodes. The first season was broadcast as a summer replacement show in 2000. Starting with Survivor: Africa, there have been two seasons aired during each U.S. television season.

In the first season there was a 75-person crew. By season 22 the crew had grown to 325 people.[8]

There have been a total of 442 contestants that have competed on Survivor '​s 29 seasons.

List of Survivor (U.S.) seasons
No. Name Location Original tribes Winner Runner(s)-up Final vote
1 Survivor: Borneo Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Malaysia Two tribes of eight Richard Hatch Kelly Wiglesworth 4–3
2 Survivor: The Australian Outback Herbert River at Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia Tina Wesson Colby Donaldson 4–3
3 Survivor: Africa Shaba National Reserve, Kenya[9] Ethan Zohn Kim Johnson 5–2
4 Survivor: Marquesas Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia Vecepia Towery Neleh Dennis 4–3
5 Survivor: Thailand Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, Thailand Two tribes of eight picked by the two oldest players, Jake and Jan Brian Heidik Clay Jordan 4–3
6 Survivor: The Amazon Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil Two tribes of eight divided by gender Jenna Morasca Matthew Von Ertfelda 6–1
7 Survivor: Pearl Islands Pearl Islands, Panama Two tribes of eight Sandra Diaz-Twine Lillian Morris 6–1
8 Survivor: All-Stars Three tribes of six returning players Amber Brkich Rob Mariano 4–3
9 Survivor: Vanuatu Efate, Shefa Province, Vanuatu Two tribes of nine divided by gender Chris Daugherty Twila Tanner 5–2
10 Survivor: Palau Koror, Palau A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine; two eliminated without a tribe Tom Westman Katie Gallagher 6–1
11 Survivor: Guatemala Laguna Yaxhá, Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, Guatemala Two tribes of nine, including two returning players Danni Boatwright Stephenie LaGrossa 6–1
12 Survivor: Panama Pearl Islands, Panama Four tribes of four divided by age and gender Aras Baskauskas Danielle DiLorenzo 5–2
13 Survivor: Cook Islands Aitutaki, Cook Islands, New Zealand Four tribes of five divided by ethnicity: African Americans, Whites, Hispanics, and Asians Yul Kwon Ozzy Lusth Becky Lee 5–4–0
14 Survivor: Fiji Macuata, Vanua Levu, Fiji Two tribes of nine divided by a selected castaway, who would join the tribe who lost the first challenge Earl Cole Cassandra Franklin & Dre "Dreamz" Herd 9–0–0
15 Survivor: China Zhelin, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China Two tribes of eight Todd Herzog Courtney Yates Amanda Kimmel 4–2–1
16 Survivor: Micronesia Koror, Palau Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants Parvati Shallow Amanda Kimmel 5–3
17 Survivor: Gabon Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire, Gabon A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine, starting with the oldest players, Bob & Gillian Robert "Bob" Crowley Susie Smith Jessica "Sugar" Kiper 4–3–0
18 Survivor: Tocantins Jalapão, Tocantins, Brazil Two tribes of eight James "J.T." Thomas Jr. Stephen Fishbach 7–0
19 Survivor: Samoa Upolu, Samoa Two tribes of ten Natalie White Russell Hantz Mick Trimming 7–2–0
20 Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains Two tribes of ten returning players, divided by "hero" or "villain" status Sandra Diaz-Twine Parvati Shallow Russell Hantz 6–3–0
21 Survivor: Nicaragua San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua[10] Two tribes of ten divided by age Jud "Fabio" Birza Chase Rice Matthew "Sash" Lenahan 5–4–0
22 Survivor: Redemption Island Two tribes of nine, including two returning players Rob Mariano Phillip Sheppard Natalie Tenerelli 8–1–0
23 Survivor: South Pacific Upolu, Samoa Sophie Clarke Benjamin "Coach" Wade Albert Destrade 6–3–0
24 Survivor: One World Two tribes of nine divided by gender Kim Spradlin Sabrina Thompson Chelsea Meissner 7–2–0
25 Survivor: Philippines Caramoan, Camarines Sur, Philippines Three tribes of six, including three returning players who had been medically evacuated in a previous season Denise Stapley Lisa Whelchel & Michael Skupin 6–1–1
26 Survivor: Caramoan Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants John Cochran Dawn Meehan & Sherri Biethman 8–0–0
27 Survivor: Blood vs. Water Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines[11] Two tribes of ten: returning contestants against their loved ones[12] Tyson Apostol Monica Culpepper Gervase Peterson 7–1–0
28 Survivor: Cagayan Three tribes of six divided by primary attribute: "brawn" vs. "brains" vs. "beauty"[13] Tony Vlachos Yung "Woo" Hwang 8–1
29 Survivor: San Juan del Sur San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua Nine pairs of new players, each with a pre-existing relationship, divided onto two tribes of nine[14]


The American version of Survivor has been shot in many locations around the world since the first season, usually favoring warm and tropical climates.

Continent Locations (season number)
Africa Kenya (3), Gabon (17)
Asia Malaysia (1), Thailand (5), China (15), Philippines (25, 26, 27, 28)
Oceania Australia (2), French Polynesia (4), Vanuatu (9), Palau (10, 16), Cook Islands (13), Fiji (14), Samoa (19, 20, 23, 24)
North America Panama (7, 8, 12), Guatemala (11), Nicaragua (21, 22, 29, 30)
South America Brazil (6, 18)

Since The Australian Outback, the announcement of each season's winner and subsequent reunion have been broadcast live in front of a studio audience, usually alternating between the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City (home to CBS' Late Show with David Letterman) and CBS Television City or the CBS Studio Center in Los Angeles.

U.S. television ratings

Survivor has consistently been one of the top 20 most watched shows through its first 18 seasons and from seasons 21 to 23.[15]

Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of the United States version of Survivor on CBS.

Note: Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps.

Season Timeslot (ET) Premiered Ended TV season Rank Viewers
(in millions)
Date Premiere
(in millions)
Date Finale
(in millions)
(in millions)
Survivor: Borneo Wednesday
8:00 pm
May 31, 2000[16] 15.51 August 23, 2000 51.69[16] 36.70[17] 2000 2 28.30[18]
Survivor: The Australian Outback Thursday
8:00 pm
January 28, 2001[19] 45.37 May 3, 2001[20] 36.35 28.01 2000–01 1 29.80[21]
Survivor: Africa October 11, 2001[22] 23.84 January 10, 2002[23] 27.26 19.05 2001–02 8 20.69[24]
Survivor: Marquesas February 28, 2002[25] 23.19 May 19, 2002[26] 25.87 17.89 6 20.77[27]
Survivor: Thailand September 19, 2002[28] 23.05 December 19, 2002[29] 24.08 20.43 2002–03 4 21.21[30]
Survivor: The Amazon February 13, 2003[31] 23.26 May 11, 2003[32] 22.29 17.65 9 19.97[30]
Survivor: Pearl Islands September 18, 2003[33] 21.50 December 14, 2003[34] 25.23 21.87 2003–04 7 20.72[35]
Survivor: All-Stars February 1, 2004[36] 33.53 May 9, 2004[37] 24.76 23.92 3 21.49[38]
Survivor: Vanuatu September 16, 2004[39] 20.06 December 12, 2004[40] 19.72 15.23 2004–05 10 19.64[41]
Survivor: Palau February 17, 2005[41] 23.66 May 15, 2005[42] 20.80 15.48 5 20.91[43]
Survivor: Guatemala September 15, 2005[44] 18.41 December 11, 2005[45] 21.18 15.21 2005–06 8[46] 18.30[43]
Survivor: Panama February 2, 2006[47] 19.20 May 14, 2006 17.07 11.65 11[46] 16.82[48]
Survivor: Cook Islands September 14, 2006[49] 18.00 December 17, 2006 16.42 13.53 2006–07 13 15.75[50]
Survivor: Fiji February 8, 2007[51] 16.68 May 13, 2007 13.63 11.43 15 14.83[50]
Survivor: China September 20, 2007[52] 15.35 December 16, 2007 15.10 12.22 2007–08 8 15.18[53]
Survivor: Micronesia February 7, 2008[54] 14.02 May 11, 2008 12.92 10.84 11 13.61[53]
Survivor: Gabon September 25, 2008 13.05[55] December 14, 2008 13.77 11.74 2008–09 15 13.81[56]
Survivor: Tocantins February 12, 2009 13.63[57] May 17, 2009 12.94[58] 11.59[58] 19 12.86[56]
Survivor: Samoa September 17, 2009[59] 11.66[60] December 20, 2009 13.97[61] 11.68[61] 2009–10 17 12.34[62]
Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains February 11, 2010[63] 14.15[64] May 16, 2010 13.46[65] 10.65[65] 14 12.60[62]
Survivor: Nicaragua Wednesday
8:00 pm
September 15, 2010[66] 12.23[67] December 19, 2010 13.58[68] 11.19[68] 2010–11 11 13.61[69]
Survivor: Redemption Island February 16, 2011 11.17[70] May 15, 2011 13.30[71] 10.97[71] 18 12.59[69]
Survivor: South Pacific September 14, 2011[72] 10.74[73] December 18, 2011 13.07[74] 9.92[74] 2011–12 18 12.77[75]
Survivor: One World February 15, 2012 10.79[76] May 13, 2012 10.34[77] 7.72[77] 26 11.64[75]
Survivor: Philippines September 19, 2012[78] 11.37[79] December 16, 2012 11.46[80] 8.77[81] 2012–13 21 11.85[82]
Survivor: Caramoan February 13, 2013 8.94[83] May 12, 2013 10.16[84] 8.13[84] 28 10.82[82]
Survivor: Blood vs. Water September 18, 2013 9.73[85] December 15, 2013 10.19[86] 7.46[86] 2013–14 25 11.30[87]
Survivor: Cagayan February 26, 2014 9.40[88] May 21, 2014 9.58[89] 7.14[89]
Survivor: San Juan del Sur September 24, 2014 9.75[90] December 17, 2014 2014–15

^1 The season premieres of Survivor: The Australian Outback and Survivor: All-Stars each aired after a Super Bowl. Survivor seasons (competitions) broadcast in winter/spring have had episodes moved to Wednesdays at 8:00 pm to avoid conflicts with broadcasts of the first two weeks of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. ^2 Survivor: Blood vs. Water and Survivor: Cagayan are listed together in the final rankings as Survivor. Previously, seasons were listed separately.

Awards and nominations

Primetime Emmy Awards

Year Category Nominee/Episode Result
2001 Outstanding Non-Fiction Program (Special Class) Won
2001 Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Non-Fiction Program For episode "#1" Won
2001 Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming "A Honeymoon Or Not" Nominated
2001 Outstanding Main Title Theme Music Russ Landau Nominated
2001 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming "Trial By Fire" Nominated
2001 Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special "Survivor: The Reunion (#1.14)" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-Camera) for VMC Programming "Finale and the Reunion" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Two Peas in a Pod" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Series "Finale and the Reunion" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety or Music Program Nominated
2003 Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "The Importance Of Being Earnest" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "More Than Meats The Eye" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2004 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Beg, Barter And Steal" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Swimming With Sharks" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Shark Attack" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2004 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "They're Back" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "This Has Never Happened Before" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "This Has Never Happened Before" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Culture Shock and Violent Storms" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2005 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Love is in the Air, Rats are Everywhere" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Starvation & Lunacy" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Salvation And Desertion" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2006 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2007 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "An Evil Thought" Nominated
2008 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "He's A Ball Of Goo!" Nominated
2008 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2008 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Just Don't Eat The Apple" Nominated
2009 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "The Poison Apple Needs To Go" Nominated
2009 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2009 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "The Camp Is Cursed" Nominated
2010 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Tonight, We Make Our Move" Nominated
2010 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2010 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Slay Everyone, Trust No One" Won
2011 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Don't You Work For Me?" Nominated
2011 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2011 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Rice Wars" Nominated
2012 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Cult-Like" Nominated
2012 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Running the Show" Nominated
2014 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Mad Treasure Hunt" Nominated
2014 Outstanding Picture Editing For Reality Programming "Mad Treasure Hunt" Nominated

Post-show auctions

At the end of each U.S. Survivor season from Survivor: Africa onward, various Survivor props and memorabilia are auctioned online for charity. The most common recipient has been the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation.[91] Most recently, proceeds have gone toward The Serpentine Project, a charity founded by Jeff Probst, dedicated to helping those transitioning out of foster care upon emancipation at eighteen years of age.[92] Items up for auction have included flags, mats, tree mails, contestant torches, contestant clothing, autographed items, immunity idols and the voting urn.[93]

Controversies and legal action

  • In February 2001, Stacey Stillman filed a lawsuit claiming that producers interfered in the process of Survivor: Borneo by persuading two members of her tribe (Sean Kenniff and Dirk Been) to vote her off instead of Rudy Boesch.
  • During a reward trip on Survivor: The Australian Outback, Colby Donaldson removed corals from the Great Barrier Reef and in the same trip, a helicopter involved with the production crew flew around protected sea bird rookeries. Both acts violated Australian law and the incidents could have resulted in fines up to A$110,000. Mark Burnett, the executive producer, issued an apology on behalf of Donaldson and the Survivor production team.[94]
  • At the tribal immunity challenge for the final four players on Survivor: Africa, host Jeff Probst asked which female player in their season had no piercings. Kim Johnson answered Kelly Goldsmith, got the point, and went on to win the challenge, which put her through to the final three and ultimately (after winning another immunity challenge) the final two. Unbeknownst to the producers, another contestant on "Africa", Lindsey Richter, also had no piercings. Lex van den Berghe's answer had been Lindsey, but the show did not award him a point, which could have significantly changed the outcome of the challenge and the overall game. CBS later paid van den Berghe and Tom Buchanan, who had finished in fourth place, a settlement.[95]
  • In an attempt to win a reward challenge on Survivor: Pearl Islands, contestant Jon Dalton conspired with his friend, Dan Fields, before the show even started, in what Probst has described as the greatest lie on Survivor to date. Fields told Dalton that his grandmother, Jean Cooke, had died, in order to win sympathy from his tribemates and subsequently win the reward. In reality, Cooke had not died, a fact that only emerged to his tribemates once the episode had aired. After the challenge, Dalton admitted in a confessional that his grandmother was alive and "probably watching Jerry Springer right now". When the show's producers learned of Cooke's alleged death, they called Dalton's family to offer their condolences, only to have Cooke herself answer the phone. On the "Pearl Islands" reunion show, Probst had a short interview with Cooke, who was indeed alive and well.[96]
  • In the fifth episode of Survivor: All-Stars, a naked Richard Hatch came into contact with Sue Hawk after she blocked his path during an immunity challenge. Hatch was voted out that day for other reasons, but Hawk quit the game two days later as a result of what had happened. Hawk considered filing a lawsuit against the parties involved, but appeared with Hatch on The Early Show the morning after the sixth episode aired, stating she opted out of legal action because CBS had helped her "deal with the situation".[97]
  • Rupert Boneham, a contestant on Pearl Islands and All-Stars, was extremely popular with television audiences, but finished eighth and fourth, respectively, in his appearances on the show. As part of a special on the All-Stars reunion (Survivor: America's Tribal Council), a contest for the 18 players was created, where the winner would be selected by the viewing audience to receive a $1 million prize. Boneham unsurprisingly won this prize, with more than 80% of the votes cast. Many fans of the show saw this as a way of diluting the overall concept of the show, that instead of outwitting, outplaying and outlasting your fellow tribe members to win the game, a player could now play specifically just to gain popularity with the show's audience, regardless of how well they played the game, and still be rewarded with a large prize.[98]
  • In January 2006, Richard Hatch, the winner of the first season of Survivor, was charged and found guilty of failing to report his winnings to the IRS to avoid taxes. He was sentenced to four years and three months in prison.[99]
  • In the beginning of Survivor: Cook Islands, the tribes were grouped according to their race. Probst claimed the choice came from the criticism that Survivor was "not ethnically diverse enough",[100] but several long-term sponsors, including Campbell's Soup, Procter & Gamble, Home Depot, Coca Cola, and General Motors[101] dropped their support of the show shortly after this announcement, leading to speculation that the decisions were in response to the controversy. Each company has either denied the link to the controversy or declined to comment, although the decision for General Motors to discontinue their sponsorship had been made months prior to the announcement of the racial split, and was thus purely coincidental.[102]
  • The selection process for the 14th season came under fire when it was revealed that, of the entire Survivor: Fiji cast, only Gary Stritesky had gone through the application process for the show; the rest of the contestants were recruited.[103] Probst defended the process, citing finding diversity of cast as a reason.
  • At the Survivor: China reunion show, Denise Martin told producers and the audience that she had been demoted to a janitor from a lunch lady due to the distraction she was to students from her appearance on the show. Because of her misfortune, Burnett awarded Martin $50,000. But Martin would later recant her story after the school district she worked for publicly stated that she had taken the custodial position before appearing on the show.[104] Martin then decided to donate the $50,000 to charity.[105]
  • A brief uncensored shot of Marcus Lehman's genitals during the premiere episode of Survivor: Gabon led to the show and network being asked to apologize for the incident.[106]
  • Jim Early (aka Missyae), who was a user on one of the fan forums for Survivor, was sued by Burnett, his production company, and CBS in August 2010, for allegedly releasing detailed spoiler information for Survivor: Samoa and Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. Early revealed that he was getting his information from Russell Hantz, a contestant on both seasons, through both phone calls and emails. Early complied in the lawsuit by providing such evidence, eventually leading to its dismissal in January 2011. Although legal action has yet to be taken against Hantz, the contract for a player in Survivor includes a liability of up to $5 million for the premature revealing of a season's results.[107] Hantz has stated that the claim is false.[108]
  • Contestants that did not make the jury in Survivor: Caramoan were not allowed on stage for the reunion show. While Jeff Probst claimed that the new stage could not accommodate all 18 of the attending contestants, the format change was panned because the show's fans and fellow contestants felt that it was unfair for them to be left out in the audience. Erik Reichenbach, who finished 5th and did not even get a chance to speak at the reunion, called out the producers for their treatment of the contestants. Calling it a farce, he criticized how the reunion show left so many unanswered questions about the other contestants and his own evacuation during the season finale. He also criticized how the pre-jury members were completely left out in favor of featuring the show's former contestants, like Rob Mariano and Rudy Boesch.[109]


The wild success of Survivor spawned a wide range of merchandise from the very first season. While early items available were limited to buffs, water bottles, hats, T-shirts, and other typical souvenir items, the marketability of the franchise has grown tremendously. Today, fans can find innumerable items, including computer and board games, interactive online games, mugs, tribal-themed jewelry, beach towels, dog tags, magnets, multi-function tools, DVD seasons, Survivor party kits, insider books, soundtracks, and more.

DVD releases

Best of
DVD name Release date
Season One: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments January 9, 2001
Season Two: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments September 25, 2001
Full seasons
Seasons 1, 2, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were released in stores. The remaining seasons have been released exclusively on through their CreateSpace manufacture on demand program.
DVD name Release date
The Complete First Season: Borneo May 11, 2004
The Complete Second Season: The Australian Outback April 26, 2005
The Complete Third Season: Africa October 5, 2010
The Complete Fourth Season: Marquesas October 5, 2010
The Complete Fifth Season: Thailand October 25, 2011
The Complete Sixth Season: The Amazon November 22, 2011
The Complete Seventh Season: Pearl Islands February 7, 2006
The Complete Eighth Season: All-Stars September 14, 2004
The Complete Ninth Season: Vanuatu – Islands of Fire December 5, 2006
The Complete Tenth Season: Palau August 29, 2006
The Complete Eleventh Season: Guatemala – The Maya Empire May 22, 2012
The Complete Twelfth Season: Panama – Exile Island May 22, 2012
The Complete Thirteenth Season: Cook Islands December 11, 2012
The Complete Fourteenth Season: Fiji December 11, 2012
The Complete Fifteenth Season: China January 27, 2014
The Complete Sixteenth Season: Micronesia – Fans vs. Favorites January 31, 2014
The Complete Seventeenth Season: Gabon – Earth's Last Eden September 11, 2014
The Complete Eighteenth Season: Tocantins – The Brazilian Highlands August 5, 2014
The Complete Nineteenth Season: Samoa November 18, 2014
The Complete Twentieth Season: Heroes vs. Villains February 22, 2011
The Complete Twenty-First Season: Nicaragua November 18, 2014
Complete seasons on iTunes
Currently available
Season 9: Vanuatu – Islands of Fire
Season 10: Palau
Season 11: Guatemala – The Maya Empire
Season 12: Panama – Exile Island
Season 13: Cook Islands
Season 14: Fiji
Season 15: China
Season 16: Micronesia – Fans vs. Favorites
Season 17: Gabon – Earth's Last Eden
Season 18: Tocantins – The Brazilian Highlands
Season 19: Samoa
Season 20: Heroes vs. Villains
Season 21: Nicaragua
Season 22: Redemption Island
Season 23: South Pacific
Season 24: One World
Season 25: Philippines
Season 26: Caramoan
Season 27: Blood vs. Water
Season 28: Cagayan

Other media

Video games

In the 2001 Survivor video game for PC, developed by Infogrames, it allows players to play and create characters for the game based on the Pulau Tiga or Australian Outback cast members. The game also includes a character creation system for making custom characters.

Gameplay consists of choosing survivors' skills (fishing, cooking, etc.), forming alliances, developing relationships with other tribe members, and voting off competitors at tribal council.

The game was very poorly received by critics. GameSpot gave the game a 'Terrible' score of 2.0 out of 10, saying "If you're harboring even a tiny urge to buy this game, please listen very carefully to this advice: Don't do it."[110] Likewise, IGN gave the game a 'Terrible' 2.4 out of 10, stating "It is horribly boring and repetitive. The graphics are weak and even the greatest Survivor fan would break the CD in two after playing it for 20 minutes."[111] The game was the recipient of Game Revolution's lowest score of all time, an F-.[112] An 'interactive review' was created specially for the game, and features interactive comments like "The Survival periods are about as much fun as" followed by a drop-down menu, "watching paint dry/throbbing hemorrhoids/staring at air/being buried alive."[112]

On November 4, 2009, it was announced that a second game based on the show would be turned into a video game. The game would require players to participate in various challenges like those in the reality shows in order to win.[113]

In late 2013, former Survivor: Micronesia and Caramoan contestant Erik Reichenbach launched a Kickstarter campaign for a Survivor styled online mobile app called "Islands of Chaos". It pits players from all over the world in a battle of challenges and strategy to be the last one standing. If the campaign is successful, the plan is to release the game free of charge on a range of platforms including on Apple and Android devices.[114]


Various soundtracks have been released featuring music composed by Russ Landau, including soundtracks for seasons 9 through 27 (with the exception of season 14).[115]

Thrill ride

The Tiki Twirl thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California was originally called Survivor: The Ride. The ride includes a rotating platform that moves along an undulating track. Riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks. Theme elements included drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents playing in the background, Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue line and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops.[116]

See also


  1. ^ Shales, Tom (December 27, 2009). "Best of the decade: Television".  
  2. ^ Bianco, Robert (December 29, 2009). "The decade in television: Cable, the Internet become players".  
  3. ^ Goodman, Tim (January 1, 2010). "Decade in review: Television".  
  4. ^ Poniewozik, James (September 6, 2007). "All-TIME 100 TV Shows". TIME. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ Mitovich, Matt Webb (June 24, 2014). "CBS' Fall Schedule Kicks Off With Thursday Night Football; 2-1/2 Men, Elementary Premiere in Late October". TVLine. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Survivor Renewed: Seasons 29 and 30 Ordered!". CBS. December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ Mitovich, Matt Weeb (November 4, 2014). "CBS Announces The Mentalist's Final Season, Sets Other Midseason Dates". TVLine. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ Loveline April 19, 2011, with Jeff Probst, 9-minute mark
  9. ^ Lacey, Marc (August 13, 2001). "Shaba National Reserve Journal; TV Adventure Show Ignores the Real Survivors". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  10. ^ Nicaragua to host two seasons of hit TV series Survivor"'". PR Log. May 16, 2010. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
  11. ^ Dehnart, Andy (May 8, 2013). "Survivor Cagayan: Paulaui Island hosting the show, which won’t leave the Philippines". Reality Blurred. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  12. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 31, 2013). "InsideTV Podcast: Jeff Probst reveals the big 'Survivor: Blood vs. Water' twist. Plus: Joss Whedon and Gillian Anderson!".  
  13. ^ Ross, Dalton (December 15, 2013). Survivor: Cagayan': Jeff Probst gives intel on NEXT season"'". Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  14. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 21, 2014). Survivor: San Juan del Sur -- Blood vs. Water': Jeff Probst gives intel on NEXT season"'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ Martin, Cameron (February 16, 2011). Survivor,' 10 Years Later: Why It's Outlasted Its Competitors"'".  
  16. ^ a b "Variety: 'Survivor' Finale Racks Up Phenomenal Ratings". Variety. August 25, 2000. 
  17. ^ "CBS News: The Million-Dollar Man". CBS News. August 24, 2000. 
  18. ^ """E! Online: "Survivor" Sequel Takes on "Friends. E! Online. December 19, 2000. 
  19. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: All-Stars' to premiere after Super Bowl XXXVIII on Sunday, February 1". Reality TV World. November 17, 2003. 
  20. ^ "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finale Reaches 41 Million". Zap2it. May 4, 2001. 
  21. ^ "E! Online: CBS Wins Season (via WNDU)". E! Online. May 25, 2001. Archived from the original on February 21, 2002. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  22. ^ "News Roundup: Carey makes McBeal guest appearance". October 22, 2001. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finale Draws 27 Million Viewers". Zap2it. January 11, 2002. 
  24. ^ "Mercy, it's a killer of a midseason". Media Life Magazine. January 16, 2002. 
  25. ^ "Zap2It: 'Survivor: Thailand' Debut Draws Tribe of Young Viewers". Zap2it. September 20, 2002. 
  26. ^ "Media Life Magazine: There are finales and, yes, finales". Media Life Magazine. May 22, 2002. 
  27. ^ "For Mark Burnett, Life's a Beach". The Wall Street Journal. September 26, 2003. 
  28. ^ "News Roundup: A Hero Will Rise Again". September 23, 2001. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Thailand' finale draws big ratings". Reality TV World. December 23, 2002. 
  30. ^ a b "E! Online: TV Season Wraps; "CSI" Rules". E! Online. May 22, 2003. 
  31. ^ "Zap2It: 'Survivor' Finds A Way To Beat the Heat in Thursday Premieres". Zap2it. February 14, 2003. 
  32. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: The Amazon' finale places 3rd in weekly ratings, draws 22.29 million viewers". Reality TV World. May 13, 2003. 
  33. ^ "StudioBriefing and WENN: Movie & TV News @". StudioBriefing and WENN. September 24, 2003. 
  34. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Pearl Islands' finale dominates, draws over 25 million viewers". Reality TV World. December 16, 2003. 
  35. ^ "Reality TV World: Donald Trump disses Martha Stewart's 'Apprentice,' blames her for his own ratings problems". Reality TV World. October 20, 2005. 
  36. ^ "StudioBriefing and WENN: Movie & TV News @". StudioBriefing and WENN. February 4, 2004. 
  37. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: All-Stars' finale averages 24.8 million viewers, over 28 million watch Rob's marriage proposal". Reality TV World. May 4, 2004. 
  38. ^ "Media Life Magazine: A new tribe clears its pipes". Media Life Magazine. September 16, 2004. 
  39. ^ "Zap2It: Tepid 'Survivor: Vanuatu' Premiere Still Beats NBC". Zap2it. September 17, 2004. 
  40. ^ "Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Vanuatu' finale averages nearly 20 million viewers, but ABC's 'Housewives' still wins its hour". Reality TV World. December 14, 2004. 
  41. ^ a b "'"Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Palau' debuts to the show's biggest ratings in years, destroys 'Joey. Reality TV World. February 21, 2005. 
  42. ^ "'"Reality TV World: CBS's 'Survivor: Palau' finale averages 20.8 million viewers, but still trails ABC's 'Housewives. Reality TV World. May 19, 2005. 
  43. ^ a b "'"Zap2It: 'Guatemala' Finale Outrates Past Two 'Survivors. Zap2it. December 12, 2005. 
  44. ^ "Media Life Magazine: So spooky: Sci-fi me-toos start strong". Media Life Magazine. September 21, 2005. 
  45. ^ "'"Reality TV World: 'Survivor: Guatemala' ends with a bang, delivers best finale ratings since 'Survivor: All-Stars. Reality TV World. December 15, 2005. 
  46. ^ a b "US-Jahrescharts 2005/2006". June 6, 2006. Retrieved October 26, 2006. 
  47. ^ """E! Online: "Survivor" Aligns with "Stars. E! Online. February 7, 2006. 
  48. ^ "Series Rankings for 2005-2006". The Hollywood Reporter. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on July 16, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Mediaweek: The Programming Insider". Mediaweek. September 20, 2006. 
  50. ^ a b "2006–07 Primetime Wrap". The Hollywood Reporter. May 25, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2009. 
  51. ^ Survivor" Heads For Fiji""". CBS News (CBS). January 12, 2007. 
  52. ^ Kissell, Rick (September 21, 2007). "'"Sluggish start for 'Survivor. Variety. 
  53. ^ a b "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. September 23, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Overnight Nielsen TV Ratings Thursday, September 25, 2008: A Paler Shade of Grey's Boosts ABC - TV Ratings, Nielsen Ratings, Television Show Ratings". TV by the Numbers. September 26, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  56. ^ a b "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 19, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  57. ^ Seidman, Robert (February 18, 2009). lead weekly broadcast viewing"NCIS and The Mentalist, American Idol". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 18, 2009. 
  58. ^ a b "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 19, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  59. ^ Matt Mitovich (June 24, 2009). "Fall TV: CBS Announces Premiere Dates". TV Guide Online. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  60. ^ Seidman, Robert (September 18, 2009). "Thursday night broadcast original final numbers". TV by the Numbers. 
  61. ^ a b Seidman, Robert (December 22, 2009). propel CBS to top of charts"NCIS and Survivor, Two and a Half Men, Big Bang Theory"TV Ratings: New episodes of . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 22, 2009. 
  62. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (May 27, 2010). "Full Series Rankings For The 2009-10 Broadcast Season". Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  63. ^ Kate Stanhope (December 21, 2009). "Survivor Reuniting Former Cast Members for Heroes vs. Villains". TV Retrieved December 21, 2009. 
  64. ^ Seidman, Robert (February 12, 2010). "Thursday Broadcast Finals: Grey's Anatomy, The Mentalist Tick Up, Private Practice, 30 Rock Tick Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 12, 2010. 
  65. ^ a b Back On Top With Both Viewers and Adults 18-49"American Idol"TV Ratings Top 25: . TV by the Numbers. May 18, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  66. ^ "CBS Announces 2010-2011 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  67. ^ Seidman, Robert (September 16, 2010). Falls"Outlaw Rise in Finals; Big Brother & Survivor". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  68. ^ a b "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor: Nicaragua' Finale; Plus Patriots/Packers Final Numbers". TV by the Numbers. December 21, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010. 
  69. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (May 27, 2011). "Full 2010-11 Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. 2010-11 Season: Series Ranking In Total Viewers (in thousands). Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  70. ^ "The Premiere of "Criminal Minds: Suspect Behavior" Sweeps Time Period in Viewers and Key Demographic" (Press release). CBS. February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2011. 
  71. ^ a b "CBS Places First in Viewers and Adults 25-54 in the Next-to-Last Full Week of the 2010-2011 Season" (Press release). CBS. May 17, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  72. ^ "CBS Announces 2011-2012 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  73. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 15, 2011). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'America's Got Talent' Finale Adjusted Up; Plus 'Up All Night,' 'Free Agents' 15 Min. Rating". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 15, 2011. 
  74. ^ a b "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor' Finale Equals Series Low; As NBC Did, Early PR To The Contrary, Top CBS Among Adults 18-49". TV by the Numbers (Press release). December 20, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011. 
  75. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (May 24, 2012). "Full 2011-2012 TV Season Series Rankings". TV by the Numbers. 
  76. ^ Gorman, Bill (February 16, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'American Idol,' 'One Tree Hill,' 'Survivor,' 'Whitney,' and 'Criminal Minds' Adjusted Up, 'The Middle,' 'CSI,' 'Rock Center,' and 'Happy Endings' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  77. ^ a b Bibel, Sara (May 15, 2012). "Sunday Final Ratings: ‘Once Upon A Time’, ‘Family Guy’, ‘Survivor’ Adjusted Up; ‘Survivor: Reunion’, ‘Dateline’ Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  78. ^ "CBS Announces 2012-2013 Premiere Dates" (Press release). CBS. July 11, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  79. ^ Bibel, Sara (September 20, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The X Factor' & 'Survivor' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 20, 2012. 
  80. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (December 18, 2012). "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Bob's Burgers' and 'Bachelorette' Special Adjusted Up, 'The Simpsons' Adjusted Down + Unscrambled Football". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  81. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (December 17, 2012). "TV Ratings Sunday: 'Survivor' Finale Up From Last Spring & 'Bachelorette' Special Flops". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  82. ^ a b Patten, Dominic (May 23, 2013). "Full 2012-2013 TV Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. 
  83. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (February 14, 2013). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'CSI', 'Suburgatory' & 'Law & Order: SVU' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  84. ^ a b Kondolojy, Amanda (May 14, 2013). "Sunday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Once Upon a Time', 'The Simpsons' & 'Revenge' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 14, 2013. 
  85. ^ Porter, Rick (September 19, 2013). "TV ratings: 'Survivor' premiere and 'America's Got Talent' finale lead Wednesday, 'Big Brother' finale down". Zap2it. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  86. ^ a b Kondolojy, Amanda (December 17, 2013). "'"Sunday Final Ratings: '60 Minutes' Adjusted Down, No Adjustment for 'Revenge' or 'Survivor. TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  87. ^ "Full 2013-2014 TV Season Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  88. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (February 27, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'American Idol' & 'Nashville' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor', 'The Middle', 'Mixology', 'Suburgatory' & 'Criminal Minds' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  89. ^ a b Kondolojy, Amanda (May 22, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'The Middle' & 'Modern Family' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor' Reunion Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  90. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (September 25, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The Middle', 'The Goldbergs', 'Modern Family', 'Law and Order: SVU', & 'Red Band Society' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  91. ^ "CBS to Promote New Season with Unique Auction on Ebay" (Press release). CBS. September 7, 2004. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  92. ^ "Survivor auctions have made $400,000 for Jeff Probst’s charity". Reality Blurred. January 31, 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  93. ^ Survivor: Pearl Islands" Props and Memorabilia Up for Bid on eBay December 14–24 to Benefit the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation""" (Press release). Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. December 14, 2003. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  94. ^ "Colby's Great Barrier Reef coral theft, helicopter flight are being investigated". reality blurred. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  95. ^ "Survivor Scandal Update: Who's Pierced?". Reality News Online. 
  96. ^ "Jonny Fairplay's Dead Grandmother". Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  97. ^ "Hawk And Hatch: Getting Past It: 'Survivor' Contestant Quits Game, Claims 'Violated' By Another Player". March 4, 2004. 
  98. ^ "Survivor: America’s Tribal Council – Why Rupert Won". 
  99. ^ "Richard Hatch Hit With Tax Evasion Rap". The Smoking Gun. January 18, 2005. 
  100. ^ Stanley, Alessandra (September 15, 2006). "Will a Gimmick Help ‘Survivor’ Save Itself?". New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2006. 
  101. ^ """More sponsors dump "Survivor. 
  102. ^ "GM pulls its ‘Survivor’ sponsorship". August 30, 2006. Retrieved February 1, 2013. 
  103. ^ "Survivor Fiji debuts tonight; only one cast member applied while the rest were recruited". Reality Blurred. February 8, 2007. 
  104. ^ Survivor' contestant apologizes for deception"'". The Boston Globe. December 18, 2007. 
  105. ^ "Survivor: China's Denise Martin to donate Burnett's US$50,000 to charity". Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  106. ^ "PTC Blasts CBS for Nudity on "Survivor" Premiere".  
  107. ^ Dehnart, Andy (January 31, 2011). "Survivor Spy Exposed".  
  108. ^ Deutsch, Lindsay (February 14, 2011). "'"Russell, Rob fight for redemption in new 'Survivor.  
  109. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 13, 2013). "Medically evacuated Erik slams the 'disrespectful...ridiculous...insane...farce' of a 'Survivor' reunion show". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
  110. ^ "Survivor for PC Review – PC Survivor Review". 
  111. ^ "Survivor: The Interactive Game Review". 
  112. ^ a b "Survivor video game review for the PC". 
  113. ^ Kate Stanhope. "Survivor, Amazing Race and Criminal Minds to Become Video Games". Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  114. ^ "Islands of Chaos: The Strategic Adventure Mobile App". 
  115. ^ "Russ Landau". iTunes. Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  116. ^ "Survivor: The Ride". LoveToKnow Themeparks. 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.