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Svetlana Savitskaya

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Title: Svetlana Savitskaya  
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Subject: Salyut 7, Soyuz T-12, Soyuz T-7, List of Soviet manned space missions, List of Salyut visitors
Collection: 1948 Births, Communist Party of the Russian Federation Members, Double Heroes of the Soviet Union, Female Aviators, Living People, Members of the State Duma (Russian Federation), Members of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Moscow Aviation Institute Alumni, People from Moscow, Pilot-Cosmonauts of the Ussr, Recipients of the Medal "for Merit in Space Exploration", Recipients of the Medal for Merit in Space Exploration, Recipients of the Order of Lenin, Twice, Recipients of the Order of the Badge of Honour, Russian Explorers, Skydivers, Soviet Aviators, Soviet Cosmonauts, Space Diving, Test Pilots, Women Astronauts
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Svetlana Savitskaya

Svetlana Savitskaya
Cosmonaut
Nationality Soviet / Russian
Born (1948-08-08) August 8, 1948
Moscow, Soviet Union
Other names
Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya
Other occupation
Flight engineer
Time in space
19 days 17 hours 06 minutes
Selection 1980 (Female Group 2)
Total EVAs
1
Total EVA time
3 hours 35 minutes
Missions

Salyut 7-EP2 (Soyuz T-7 up, Soyuz T-5 down),

Salyut 7-EP4 (Soyuz T-12)
Mission insignia
Awards
Savitskaya on Soyuz T-12, and her spacewalk

Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya (Russian: Светла́на Евге́ньевна Сави́цкая; born August 8, 1948) is a former Soviet aviator and cosmonaut who flew aboard Soyuz T-7 in 1982, becoming the second woman in space. On her 1984 mission she became the first woman to fly to space twice, and the first woman to perform a spacewalk.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Honours and awards 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Biography

Daughter of Soviet military commander Yevgeniy Savitskiy, Svetlana started her aerospace career as a test and sports pilot. Starting from 1974 she set 18 international world records on MiG aircraft and three records in team parachute jumping. She won first place at the 6th FAI World Aerobatic Championship in 1970. She started training as a cosmonaut in 1980.

In 1982, Savitskaya flew to space as part of the Soyuz T-7 mission, alongside Leonid Popov and Aleksandr Serebrov, becoming the second woman to fly to space, some 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova. On her second spaceflight, on July 25, 1984 she also became the first woman to perform a space walk. She conducted an EVA outside the Salyut 7 space station for 3 hours 35 minutes during which she cut and welded metals in space along with her colleague Vladimir Dzhanibekov.[1][2] Of the 57 Soviet/Russian spacewalkers through 2010, she is the only female.

Upon returning to Earth, Savitskaya was assigned as the commander of an all-female Soyuz crew to Salyut 7 in commemoration of the International Women's Day, a mission that was later canceled. She was twice awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title. The asteroid 4118 Sveta is named for her.[3]

Savitskaya is married, with one child, a son born 1986.[4]

Savitskaya retired in 1993 from the Russian Air Force with the rank of Major. In 1996, she was elected a member of the State Duma representing the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and was re-elected four times since then. She presently serves as Deputy Chair of the Committee on Defense, and is also a member of the Coordination council presidium of the National Patriotic Union.[5]

Honours and awards

Savitskaya was one of five cosmonauts selected to raise the Russian flag at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Biographies of USSR / Russian Cosmonauts". Space Facts. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Space welding anniversary!". Orbiter-Forum. Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. 16 July 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ . Brighthub http://www.brighthub.com/science/space/articles/eng/21373.aspx. Retrieved April 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ Role in Russian State Duma
  6. ^ "The XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014 has opened with a grand show". www.Sochi2014.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 

External links

  • Interview shortly before her 1995 election to the State Duma
  • 2010 interview with The Voice of Russia radio website
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