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Syktyvkar

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Title: Syktyvkar  
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Subject: Komi Republic, Sedkyrkeshch, List of the busiest airports in Russia, Usinsk, Komi-Zyrian language
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Syktyvkar

Syktyvkar (English)
Сыктывкар (Russian)
Сыктывкар (Komi)
-  City[1]  -

A street in Syktyvkar

Location of the Komi Republic in Russia
Syktyvkar is located in Komi Republic
Syktyvkar
Location of Syktyvkar in the Komi Republic
Coordinates:
Coat of Arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of October 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Komi Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Capital of Komi Republic[1]
Administrative center of city of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrug Syktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Syktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Area 152 km2 (59 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 235,006 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 81st
Density 1,546/km2 (4,000/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Known since 16th century
City status since 1780
Previous names Ust-Sysolsk (until 1930)
Postal code(s)[7] 167000, 167002, 167004, 167005, 167009, 167011, 167014, 167018, 167023, 167026, 167031
Dialing code(s) +7 8212
Official website
Syktyvkar]] on Wikimedia Commons

Syktyvkar (Russian: Сыктывкар; IPA: ; Komi: Сыктывкар) is the capital city of the Komi Republic, Russia. Population: 235,006 (2010 Census);[4] 230,011 (2002 Census);[8] 232,117 (1989 Census).[9]

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • History 3
  • Administrative and municipal status 4
  • Economy 5
    • Transportation 5.1
  • Culture and education 6
  • Sports 7
  • Climate 8
  • Twin towns and sister cities 9
  • References 10
    • Notes 10.1
    • Sources 10.2
  • External links 11

Etymology

The city's current name comes from Syktyv, the Komi name for the same river, plus kar, meaning "city".

Geography

Syktyvkar is located on the Sysola River, which is the origin of its former name Ust-Sysolsk. The city is located near to the point where the Sysola joins the larger Vychegda River, which is itself a branch of the Northern Dvina.

History

It is believed that there has been a settlement at the city's present site since at least the 16th century. It was granted city status by Catherine the Great in 1780, and later became the administrative center of Komi Autonomous Oblast. It has retained its position as the Komi capital since that point, although a large influx of ethnic Russians in the 20th century has actually left the Komi in a minority there.

The majority of the population were merchants and peasants. The main occupations of the inhabitants were agriculture, cattle-breeding, hunting, fishing, and trade.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had grown to 6,000 people. The Tsarist government made the Komi region a place of political exile.

In 1921, Ust-Sysolsk was given the status of administrative center of the newly formed Komi Autonomous Soviet Republic. It was renamed as Syktyvkar, which is Komi for "a town on the Sysola" in 1930, to mark the 150th anniversary of its receipt of city privileges. In 1936, Syktyvkar became the capital of the Komi ASSR.

Administrative and municipal status

Syktyvkar is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with three urban-type settlements (Krasnozatonsky, Sedkyrkeshch, and Verkhnyaya Maksakovka) and three rural localities, incorporated as the city of republic significance of Syktyvkar—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Syktyvkar is incorporated as Syktyvkar Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy

The Sysola, Vychegda, and Northern Dvina Rivers are navigable and are a major transport route of forestry products from Syktyvkar. Lumber and woodcrafts are the city's largest industries.

Previously Komiinteravia had its head office in Syktyvkar.[10]

Transportation

The city is served by Syktyvkar Airport and Syktyvkar Southwest airfield. Also the city has a railway station. Syktyvkar is the end point of route R176 (Vyatka Highway).

Culture and education

Syktyvkar is the center of the cultural life in the republic. The oldest museum of the Republic of Komi, the National Museum, was founded in 1911. Nowadays, the National Museum is the Literature Memorial Museum of Ivan Kuratov and the museum of Viktor Savin.

The National Gallery was founded in Syktyvkar in 1943. It welcomes exhibitions from different museums of the country.

In 1930 Victor Savin, a poet, playwright, stage manager and actor, founded the Drama theater of the Republic of Komi and the theater still carries his name. Nowadays this theater is one of centers of spiritual and artistic culture of all people who live in the republic. Plays by Nicolai Diakonov, Vasili Lecanov, Alexandre Larev and others are familiar to everybody who knows the history of Komi culture. In 1966 the Drama theater was given the status of Academic theater.

The Theater of Opera and Ballet began its history in 1958.

The National Library numbers 2.5 million volumes, including books in the Russian language, foreign languages and in the Komi language.

Syktyvkar State University was founded in 1972 and has over 3,500 full-time students and 250 faculty members.[11]

Sports

Stroitel[12] which has played many seasons in the highest division of the Russian Bandy League, is now one of only two clubs in a lower division with an artificial ice.[13]

Climate

Syktyvkar experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with long, cold winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Syktyvkar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
3.8
(38.8)
13.2
(55.8)
26.7
(80.1)
31.8
(89.2)
35.3
(95.5)
34.4
(93.9)
34.6
(94.3)
27.5
(81.5)
20.4
(68.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.2
(41.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−8.6
(16.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.1
(44.8)
14.6
(58.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
18.8
(65.8)
12.3
(54.1)
4.3
(39.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
−8.6
(16.5)
5.68
(42.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
1.8
(35.2)
8.5
(47.3)
14.8
(58.6)
17.5
(63.5)
13.7
(56.7)
8.1
(46.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
1.33
(34.38)
Average low °C (°F) −17.8
(0)
−16.1
(3)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.8
(27)
3.3
(37.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.4
(54.3)
9.3
(48.7)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.5
(14.9)
−15.0
(5)
−2.67
(27.2)
Record low °C (°F) −46.6
(−51.9)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−15.0
(5)
−5.0
(23)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.61)
31
(1.22)
31
(1.22)
33
(1.3)
48
(1.89)
74
(2.91)
74
(2.91)
75
(2.95)
57
(2.24)
59
(2.32)
52
(2.05)
46
(1.81)
621
(24.43)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 48
(18.9)
63
(24.8)
70
(27.6)
39
(15.4)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
14
(5.5)
18
(7.1)
29
(11.4)
289
(113.8)
Average rainy days 3 3 6 13 19 19 19 21 22 19 8 5 157
Average snowy days 24 21 18 7 2 0 0 0 1 7 19 23 122
Average relative humidity (%) 83 81 75 67 64 68 73 79 84 86 86 84 77.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 20 64 126 186 254 276 266 200 103 50 22 9 1,576
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[14]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[15]

Twin towns and sister cities

Syktyvkar is twinned with:[16]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #16-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #11-RZ
  3. ^ Сайт администрации МО ГО 'Сыктывкар' — Краткая справка
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Directory: World Airlines. Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 95. "Sovetskaya Street 69, Skytyvkar, Komi Zone ATD, Russia"
  11. ^ "UNIVERSITY OF SYKTYVKAR". Valdosta State University. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  12. ^ rusbandy.ru
  13. ^ rusbandy.ru
  14. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Syktyvkar" (in Russian). Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  15. ^ "Climate Normals for Syktyvkar".  
  16. ^ Syktyvkar Regions and cities

Sources

  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №13-РЗ от 6 марта 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №44, 16 марта 2006 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #16-RZ of March 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #171-RZ of December 26, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Verkhnyaya Sedka Located on the Territory of Priluzsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic Accordingly. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «О территориальной организации местного самоуправления в Республике Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу 1 апреля 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Республика", №44–45, 17 марта 2005 г. (State Council of the Komi Republic. Law #11-RZ of March 5, 2005 On the Territorial Organization of the Local Self-Government in the Komi Republic, as amended by the Law #171-RZ of December 26, 2014 On Abolishing the Inhabited Locality of Verkhnyaya Sedka Located on the Territory of Priluzsky District of the Komi Republic, and on Amending Various Laws of the Komi Republic Accordingly. Effective as of April 1, 2005.).

External links

  • Official website of Syktyvkar (Russian)
  • All news of Syktyvkar and Republic of Komi (Russian)
  • Syktyvkar. History (Russian)
  • About Syktyvkar: Churches, History & Photogallery (Russian)
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