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Synergetics (Haken)

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Title: Synergetics (Haken)  
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Subject: Cybernetics, Free energy principle, Thermodynamics, Synergetics, Cybernetics Society
Collection: Cybernetics, Holism, Thermodynamics
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Synergetics (Haken)

Synergetics is an interdisciplinary science explaining the formation and non-equilibrium systems paved the way at the end of the 1960s to the development of synergetics, of which Haken is recognized as the founder. One of his successful popular books is Erfolgsgeheimnis der Natur, translated into English as The Science of Structure: Synergetics.

Self-organization requires a 'macroscopic' system, consisting of many nonlinearly interacting subsystems. Depending on the external control parameters (environment, energy-fluxes) self-organization takes place.

Order-parameter concept

Essential in synergetics is the order-parameter concept which was originally introduced in the Ginzburg-Landau theory in order to describe phase-transitions in thermodynamics. The order parameter concept is generalized by Haken to the "enslaving-principle" saying that the dynamics of fast-relaxing (stable) modes is completely determined by the 'slow' dynamics of as a rule only a few 'order-parameters' (unstable modes). The order parameters can be interpreted as the amplitudes of the unstable modes determining the macroscopic pattern.

As a consequence, self-organization means an enormous reduction of self-organization of patterns in so

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