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Tekuder

Tekuder
Khan
Tekuder receives an ambassador
Reign 1282–1284
Predecessor Abaqa
Successor Arghun
Dynasty Ilkhanate
Father Hulagu
Religion Islam
Tekuder and Shams al-Din Juvayni.
Tekuder leading his Mongol warriors.
Arghun and Tekuder.

Ahmed Tekuder (Mongolian: Tögöldör/Төгөлдөр, meaning “perfect”), also known as Sultan Ahmad (reigned 1282–1284), was the sultan of the Persian-based Ilkhanate, son of Hulegu and brother of Abaqa. He was eventually succeeded by his nephew Arghun Khan.

Early life

Tekuder was born Nikola (Nicholas) Tekuder Khan, and was baptized in his childhood as a Nestorian Christian. However, Tekuder later converted to Islam[1] and changed his name to Ahmed.

Ascension and sultanate

When Tekuder assumed the throne in 1282, he turned the Ilkhanate into a sultanate. Tekuder zealously propagated his new faith and sternly required his ranking officers to do the same. However, his nephew Arghun, the governor of Khorasan, was a Buddhist; and asked Kublai Khan, the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire and the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, for help. Although, Kublai was angry with the situation, Arghun had to overthrow Tekuder himself given that the Great Khan's empire was far away from Persia.

Tekuder sent a friendly letter to the Mamluk sultan and wished for peace. His conversion to Islam and good ties with the Mamluks were not viewed well by Mongol nobles.

When Arghun received no reply, he declared war against Tekuder. Tekuder requested help from the Mamluk Sultan but the Mamluks did not fully co-operate with Tekuder. Having a small and inferior army, Tekuder was defeated by Arghun's larger army, and he was eventually executed on August 10, 1284.

References

  1. ^ Steven Runciman. A History of the Crusades, volume 3: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. p. 397.
  • Atwood, Christopher P. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. Facts on File, Inc. ISBN 0-8160-4671-9.
  • David Morgan, The Mongols
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abaqa
Ilkhanid Dynasty
1282–1284
Succeeded by
Arghun


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