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Territory of Arkansaw

 

Territory of Arkansaw

Territory of Arkansas
Organized incorporated territory of the United States

1819–1836
 

Flag of the United States

Capital Arkansas Post (1819–21)
Little Rock (1821–36)
Government Organized incorporated territory
Governor
 -  1819–1824 James Miller
 -  1825–1828 George Izard
 -  1829–1835 John Pope
 -  1835–1836 William Savin Fulton
History
 -  Established July 4, 1819
 -  Statehood June 15, 1836

The Territory of Arkansas, initially organized as the Territory of Arkansaw,[1] was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1819 until June 15, 1836, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Arkansas.

History

The Arkansas Territory was created from the portion of the Missouri Territory lying south of a point on the Mississippi River at 36 degrees north latitude running west to the St. Francois River, then followed the river to 36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude, then west to the territorial boundary. This included all of the present state of Oklahoma south of the parallel 36°30' north. The westernmost portion of the territory was removed on November 15, 1824, a second westernmost portion was removed on May 6, 1828, reducing the territory to the extent of the present state of Arkansas.

Originally the western border of Missouri was intended to go due south to the Red River. During negotiations with the Choctaw in 1820, however, Andrew Jackson unknowingly ceded more of Arkansas territory. Then in 1824, after further negotiations, the Choctaw agreed to move farther west, but only by "100 paces" of the actual garrison on Belle Point. This resulted in the bend in the common border at Fort Smith, Arkansas.[2]

Until Oklahoma received statehood, Fort Smith served as the ostensible legal authority overseeing the Oklahoma Territory. The Army oversaw issues dealing with the Indian Nations. Civil and criminal law was dealt with by court administered Judge Isaac C. Parker who hanged 61 people.

Arkansas Post was the first territorial capital (1819–1821) and Little Rock was the second (1821–1836).

See also

Arkansas portal
Oklahoma portal
History portal

Notes

References

  • "Act of March 2, 1819, ch. 49". Statutes at Large. Acts of the Fifteenth Congress of the United States, 2nd Session. pg. 493–496. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. (accessed 2007-06-16). This act of Congress established the territory of "Arkansaw".
  • "Act of April 21, 1820, ch. 48". Statutes at Large. Acts of the Sixteenth Congress of the United States, 1st Session. pg. 565. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. (accessed 2007-06-16). This act of Congress modifies the act of March 2, 1819, and refers to the territory of "Arkansas". Thereafter, federal statutes describe it as the territory of Arkansas, although journals of both the House and Senate both continue to occasionally use "Arkansaw".

External links

  • Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture – Arkansas Territory
  • Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory


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