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The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage

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Title: The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage  
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Subject: Industrial heritage, Economic history of Japan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage

The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage (富岡製糸場と絹産業遺産群 Tomioka seishijō to kinu sangyōisangun) is a grouping of sites that relate to the industrialization of Japan in the Meiji period, part of the industrial heritage of Japan. The Tomioka silk mill was constructed in 1872 in Gunma Prefecture, which became a leading centre for sericulture, the rearing of silkworms and production of raw silk. In 2007 the monuments were submitted jointly for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria ii, iv, and v. Currently the submission resides on the Tentative List.[1] Ten component sites have been proposed:[2]

Site Comments Image Location
Tomioka Silk Mill (富岡製糸場 Tomioka seishijō)[3][4][5] established in 1872 by the Meiji government; closed in 1987; Wada Ei described conditions in the mill; Important Cultural Property with eight designated structures; Historic Site Tomioka
Great Mulberry of Usune (薄根の大クワ Usune no ōkuwa)[6][7] the largest wild mulberry in Japan; Natural Monument Numata
Arafune Fuketsu (荒船風穴 Arafune fuketasu)[8] cold storage facility for preserving silkworm eggs during the summer Shimonita
Azumaya Fuketsu (東谷風穴 Azumaya fuketasu)[9] cold storage facility Nakanojō
Birthplace of Takayama-sha (高山社跡 Takayamasha ato)[10] where a method of silkworm rearing was developed Fujioka
Tomizawa house (富沢家住宅 Tomizawake jūtaku)[11][12] 1792; silk farmer's house; Important Cultural Property Nakanojō
Group of silk-raising farmhouse in the Akaiwa District (中之条町六合赤岩 Nakanojō machi kuni akaiwa)[13][14] Group of Traditional Buildings Nakanojō
Old Kanrasha Obata-gumi warehouse (旧甘楽社小幡組倉庫 kyū Kanrasha Obatagumi sōko)[15] for storing raw silk Kanra
Old Usui Pass railroad infrastructure (碓氷峠鉄道施設 Usui tōge tetsudō shisetsu)[16][17][18] designed by British architect C.A.W. Pownall; Important Cultural Property with seventeen designated structures Annaka
Old Kōzuke Railway and facility (旧上野鉄道関連施設 kyū Kōzuke tetsudō kanren shisetsu)[19] light railway for the local silk industry Shimonita

See also


  1. ^ "The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage".  
  2. ^ "The Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Industrial Heritage".  
  3. ^ "The Tomioka Silk Mill".  
  4. ^ "旧富岡製糸場".  
  5. ^ Finn, Dallas (1995). Meiji Revisited: The Sites of Victorian Japan.  
  6. ^ "The Great Mulberry of Usune".  
  7. ^ "薄根の大クワ".  
  8. ^ "Arafune Fuketsu".  
  9. ^ "Azumaya Fuketsu".  
  10. ^ "The Birthplace of Takayama-sha".  
  11. ^ "The Tomizawa house".  
  12. ^ "富沢家住宅 (群馬県吾妻郡中之条町)".  
  13. ^ "Group of silk-raising farmhouse in the Akaiwa District".  
  14. ^ "中之条町六合赤岩".  
  15. ^ "Old Kanrasha Obata-gumi warehouse".  
  16. ^ "Old Usui Pass Railroad Infrastructure".  
  17. ^ "碓氷峠鉄道施設".  
  18. ^ Finn, Dallas (1995). Meiji Revisited: The Sites of Victorian Japan.  
  19. ^ "Old Kōzuke Railway and Facility".  

External links

  • UNESCO tentative list description
  • Gunma Prefecture site dedicated to the listing
  • Proposal document
  • Pamphlet
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