World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thierry of Chartres

Article Id: WHEBN0005570411
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thierry of Chartres  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Neoplatonism, Bernard of Chartres, Clarembald of Arras, Alain de Lille, Alexander Neckam
Collection: 1150S Deaths, 12Th-Century French People, Christian Mystics, Scholastic Philosophers, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Thierry of Chartres

Thierry of Chartres (Theodoricus Chartrensis) or Theodoric the Breton (Theodericus Brito) (died before 1155,[1] probably 1150[2]) was a twelfth-century philosopher working at Chartres and Paris, France.

The cathedral school at Chartres promoted scholarship before the first university was founded in France. Thierry was a major figure in twelfth-century philosophy and learning, and, like many twelfth-century scholars, is notable for his embrace of Plato's Timaeus and his application of philosophy to theological issues.[3] Some modern scholars believed Thierry to have been a brother of Bernard of Chartres who had founded the school of Chartres, but later research has shown that this is unlikely.[4]

Thierry became chancellor of Chartres after his predecessor, Gilbert of Poitiers, returned to his native city in 1141. John of Salisbury,[5] Herman of Carinthia, and Clarembald of Arras were among Thierry's students.[6]

Contents

  • Works 1
    • Hexaemeron 1.1
    • Heptateuch 1.2
  • Editions 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5

Works

Hexaemeron

The "Hexaemeron" interprets the Genesis with reference to Plato's "Timaeus". The text serves as a reasoned defense of God's existence, by relying on Platonic natural philosophy and Aristotelian logic to explain the creation of the world.[6] Thierry establishes that the moment of divine creation was the very beginning of time, and following that, creation evolved naturally through combinations of the four elements (fire, air, water, and earth).[7] According to Thierry, God created the four elements in the first moment. Fire, which is constantly moving, rotated and lit up the air, causing the first night and day. On the second day, fire warmed the water, causing it to rise into the heavens and form clouds. Because of the reduction of water, land emerged on the third day. The continued heating of the waters above the firmament caused the water to create the heavenly bodies on the fourth day. The continued warming of land caused the plant, animal, and human life to arise on the fifth and sixth days.

Thierry's explanation of the creation of the world is based on a theological interpretation of Aristotle's four causes, which he identifies with the three persons of the Trinity plus matter (made up of the four elements): the Father is the efficient cause, the Son is the formal cause, the Holy Spirit is the final cause and the four elements are the material cause.

According to Thierry, the act of divine creation is limited to the creation of the four elements, which then evolve by themselves, mix according to mathematical proportions and make up the physical world.

Heptateuch

The Heptateuch is a broad encyclopedia of information relating to the liberal arts, all within the context of academic and theologic unity. It particularly examines the ways in which different types of knowledge can be distinguished, while still supporting a single purpose: explaining order in reality. The trivium (logic, grammar, and rhetoric) address the veracity, consistency, and beauty of the language of expression. The quadrivium (geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, and music) provide the intellectual content in need of expression.

Thierry also wrote some commentaries on Boethius' De Trinitate

Editions

  • Commentaries on Boethius by Thierry of Chartres and His School, ed. N. M. Häring, Toronto 1971.
  • The Latin Rhetorical Commentaries by Thierry of Chartres, ed. K. M. Fredborg, Toronto 1988.

See also

Renaissance of the 12th century

References

  1. ^ Ralph McInerny (1963). "Chapter IV - The School of Chartres". A History of Western Philosophy Vol. II - Part III: The Twelfth Century. The Jacques Maritain Center, University of Notre Dame. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  2. ^ William Turner (1903). "Chapter XXXIII - The School of Chartres". History of Philosophy. The Jacques Maritain Center, University of Notre Dame. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  3. ^ Some nineteenth and twentieth-century scholars believed that Thierry was in the forefront of a hyper-Platonic school at Chartres (this is the position reflected in Turner's 1903 History of Philosophy, but due to the efforts of Richard Southern and others, this view is no longer held by modern scholars.
  4. ^ Paul Edward Dutton (ed.), The Glosae super Platonem of Bernard of Chartres, Toronto 1991, p. 40-42.
  5. ^  "Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartes".  
  6. ^ a b Giulio D'Onofrio; et al. (1996). The History of Theology: Middle Ages. Liturgical Press. Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  7. ^ Lindberg, David C: "The Beginnings of Western Science", page 210. The University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Further reading

  • Peter Dronke, "Thierry of Chartres", in P. Dronke, A History of Twelfth Century Western Philosophy, Cambridge 1988.
  • Peter Ellard, The Sacred Cosmos: Theological, Philosophical, and Scientific Conversations in the Twelfth Century School of Chartres, University of Scranton Press, 2007.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.