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Thirty-sixth Congress

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Thirty-sixth Congress

36th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1860)

Duration: March 4, 1859 – March 4, 1861

Senate President: John C. Breckinridge
Senate Pres. pro tem: Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Jesse D. Bright
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Solomon Foot
House Speaker: William Pennington
Members: 66 Senators
238 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
Republican Party
House Majority: Republican-led coalition

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1859 – March 10, 1859
1st: December 5, 1859 – June 26, 1860
Special: June 26, 1860 – June 28, 1860
2nd: December 3, 1860 – March 4, 1861
<35th 37th>

The Thirty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1859 to March 4, 1861, during the third and fourth years of James Buchanan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 36th United States Congress
  • June 16, 1860: 41
  • March 2, 1861: 178

Resolutions

  • February 11, 1861: The U.S. House unanimously passed a resolution guaranteeing non-interference with slavery in any state

Not enacted

Treaties

  • March 8, 1859: 927
  • March 8, 1859: 933

States admitted and territories organized

  • January 29, 1861: 126
  • February 28, 1861: 172
  • March 2, 1861: 209
  • March 2, 1861: 239

Party summary

Senate

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
American
(A)
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
Other
End of the previous congress 19 25 22 0 66 0
Begin 2 38 23 0 63 3
End126 28 5513
Final voting share 1.8% 47.3% 50.9% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 0 23 29 (Unionist)
1
53 15

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates plurality, then majority, caucus)
Total
American
(A)
Democratic
(D)
Anti-Lecompton
Democratic

(ALD)
Independent
Democratic
(ID)
Republican
(R)
Opposition
(O)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 14 130 0 1 92 0 0 237 0
Begin 6 84 8 7 113 17 0 235 2
End 5 58 7 116 16 209 29
Final voting share 2.4% 27.8% 3.3% 3.3% 55.5% 7.7% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 0 44 0 1 108 0 (Unionist +
Constitutional
Unionist
)

25
178 62

Leadership


Senate

House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1862; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 4
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 1
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Withdrawals: 13
  • Total seats with changes: 16

Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Oregon
(2) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected late due to legislature's failure to elect | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Edward D. Baker (R) | October 2, 1860

|- | California
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | David C. Broderick (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 16, 1859
Interim successor was appointed to continue the term | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry P. Haun (D) | November 3, 1859

|- | Texas
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Matthias Ward (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Interim appointee lost nomination to finish the term
Successor elected to finish the term | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Louis Wigfall (D) | December 5, 1859

|- | California
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry P. Haun (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Interim appointee lost election to finish the term
Successor was elected to finish the term | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Milton Latham (D) | March 5, 1860

|- | South Carolina
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James Chesnut, Jr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew November 10, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | South Carolina
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James H. Hammond (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew November 11, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Mississippi
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Albert G. Brown (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 12, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Maine
(1) | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Hannibal Hamlin (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 17, 1861 to become Vice President of the United States
Successor elected to finish the term | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Lot M. Morrill (R) | January 17, 1861

|- | Alabama
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Alabama
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Clement C. Clay (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Florida
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Stephen Mallory (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Florida
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | David L. Yulee (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Mississippi
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Jefferson Davis (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Georgia
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alfred Iverson, Sr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 28, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Kansas
(2) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | New state admitted to the Union January 29, 1861
Senator was not elected until the next Congress | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Kansas
(3) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | New state admitted to the Union January 29, 1861
Senator was not elected until the next Congress | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Georgia
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Robert Toombs (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew February 4, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Louisiana
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Judah P. Benjamin (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew February 4, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Louisiana
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Slidell (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew February 4, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress

|- | Tennessee
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alfred O. P. Nicholson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew March 3, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |}

House of Representatives

  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 3
  • Contested election: 1
  • Withdrawals: 28
  • Total seats with changes: 41


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | Illinois 6th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Vacancy in term | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John A. McClernand (D) | Seated November 8, 1859 |- | Kentucky 5th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Brown could not take seat because he had not yet attained age required by the US Constitution | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Y. Brown (D) | Seated December 3, 1860 |- | Ohio 14th | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Cyrus Spink (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 31, 1859 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Harrison G. O. Blake (R) | Seated October 11, 1859 |- | Virginia 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Goode (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 3, 1859 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Roger A. Pryor (D) | Seated December 7, 1859 |- | Michigan 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George B. Cooper (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election May 15, 1860 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Francis P. Blair, Jr. (R) | Seated May 15, 1860 |- | Nebraska Territory At-large | Experience Estabrook | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election May 18, 1860 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Samuel G. Daily (R) | Seated May 18, 1860 |- | New York 31st | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Silas M. Burroughs (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 3, 1860 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Edwin R. Reynolds (R) | Seated December 5, 1860 |- | Missouri 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John R. Barret (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election June 8, 1860 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | William A. Howard (R) | Seated June 8, 1860 |- | Pennsylvania 8th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Schwartz (ALD) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 20, 1860 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Jacob K. McKenty (D) | Seated December 3, 1860 |- | Missouri 1st | style="background:#FFB6B6" | William A. Howard (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 25, 1860 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | John R. Barret (R) | Seated December 3, 1860 |- | Mississippi 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Lucius Q. C. Lamar II (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December ???, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Laurence M. Keitt (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December ???, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John McQueen (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December 21, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 2nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William P. Miles (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December 21, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Milledge L. Bonham (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December 21, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John D. Ashmore (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December 21, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | South Carolina 6th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William W. Boyce (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired December 21, 1860 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Maine 5th | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Israel Washburn, Jr. (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 1, 1861 after being elected Governor of Maine | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Stephen Coburn (R) | Seated January 2, 1861 |- | Mississippi 2nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Reuben Davis (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 12, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Mississippi 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Barksdale (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 12, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Mississippi 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Otho R. Singleton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 12, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Mississippi 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John J. McRae (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 12, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James A. Stallworth (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James A. Stallworth (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 2nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James L. Pugh (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | David Clopton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Sydenham Moore (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George S. Houston (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Alabama 7th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Jabez L. M. Curry (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Florida At-large | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George S. Hawkins (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 21, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Peter E. Love (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 2nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Martin J. Crawford (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 3rd | style="background:#FFE153" | Thomas Hardeman, Jr. (O) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Lucius J. Gartrell (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John W. H. Underwood (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 6th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James Jackson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 7th | style="background:#D99FE8" | Joshua Hill (KN) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Georgia 8th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John J. Jones (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 23, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Kansas Territory At-large | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Marcus J. Parrott (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Kansas was admitted to the Union January 29, 1861 | colspan=2 | Seat eliminated |- | Kansas At-large | New Seat | style="font-size:80%" | Kansas was admitted to the Union January 29, 1861 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Martin F. Conway (R) | Seated November 8, 1859 |- | Alabama 6th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Williamson R. W. Cobb (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew January 30, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Louisiana 2nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Miles Taylor (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Withdrew February 5, 1861 | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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