World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tong'an District

Article Id: WHEBN0012526724
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tong'an District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Xiamen, Port of Xiamen, Jimei District, Huli District, Haicang District
Collection: County-Level Divisions of Fujian, Xiamen
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tong'an District

Tong'an
同安区
District
Tong'an Confucian Temple
Tong'an Confucian Temple
Tong'an is located in Fujian
Tong'an
Tong'an
Location in Fujian
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
Sub-provincial city Xiamen
Area
 • Total 657.59 km2 (253.90 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 520,000
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Tong'an District (simplified Chinese: 同安区; traditional Chinese: 同安區; pinyin: Tóng'ān Qū; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâng-oaⁿ-khu) is a northern mainland district of Xiamen which faces Kinmen. To the north is Anxi and Nan'an, and to the south is Jimei. Tong'an is also east of Lianxiang and Changqin to the West. It covers 657.59 square kilometres (253.90 sq mi)[1]

Tong'an District has a population of 520,000 residents.[2]

Contents

  • Administration 1
  • Geography 2
  • History 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transport 5
  • Climate 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Administration

Tong’an District administers two subdistricts: Datong and Xiang Ping. It has local authority over six towns. They are Hongtang, Wuxian, Dingxi, Xinming, Xike and Lianhua.[1]

Tong'an District is also attracting foreign investment because of its status as a designated special economic zone in Xiamen.[2]

Geography

Land reclamation in progress in Bingzhou (丙州) Peninsula (formerly, island) of the Dongzui Bay

Tong'an District is almost coterminous with the basin of the Xixi River ("Western Stream"), the largest river of Xiamen City. The Xixi starts in the Zhaijianwei Mountains (寨尖尾山 Zhàijiānwěishān) in the northwestern part of Tong'an District, and flows in the general south-eastern direction. After receiving a number of tributaries - Lianhuaxi (莲花溪, Lotus Stream), Aoxi (澳溪), Dingxi (汀溪), it merges with the Dongxi (东溪, Eastern Stream) at the place called Suangxikou (双溪口, "The confluence of two streams).[3]

The Xixi's estuary opens into the Dongzui Harbor (东咀港), which is a bay of Taiwan Strait mostly enclosed by Tong'an District and Xiang'an District on the mainland (on the northwest and east, respectively) and by the Xiamen Island in the south. A number of large bridges have been constructed across the Xixi estuary, carrying roads and a railway between Tong'an and Xiang'an Districts (and, viewed on a larger scale, between Xiamen and Quanzhou).

History

Tong'an was made a county in AD 282 during the Jin Dynasty, but its status was revoked not long after. It was again given "county" status in AD 933 under the Later Tang administration.

Prior to 1914, its jurisdiction covered regions including present day Xiamen City, Jinmen County and the north-eastern part of Longhai City. In May 1997, Tong'an lost its county status and became a district within Xiamen.

In September 2003, 5 towns (namely Xindian, Xinyu, Maxiang, Neicuo, and Dadeng) in the eastern and south-eastern part of the then Tong'an District were split off, to form the new Xiang'an District.

Economy

Tong'an has a mild sub tropical climate. This is very suitable for growing crops and plants. It is covered in natural resources such as granite, kaolin earth, mineral water and hot springs. It is emerging as a growing commercial base. The main agricultural products from Tong'an District are prawns, peanuts, longan, and pigs, fruits, vegetables, tea and herbs.[2]

Transport

Tong'an district is at the economic crossroad between Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou prefecture level cities. It is an important transport hub because the Fuzhou-Xiamen and Zhangzhou-Quanzhou Highways pass directly through Tong'an District providing direct access to all the counties and villages. The Xiamen International Airport is only 27 km away. It is 32 km from the North Xiamen Freight Transport Railway Station.[2]

Climate

Tong'an climate is subtropical, rich rainfall in mild winters and hot summers. Winters are short, roughly 25 days and summer is hot with up to 152 days. The weather is changeable in spring, and autumn is very cool. Tong'an annual average temperature is 21°C The coldest temperature is 12.8°C in January and hottest is 28.4in July. The annual average rainfall is 1467.7 mm and 2030.7 hours sunlight per year. The annual average evaporation is 1685.2mm, accumulated temperature is 57.67-77.17℃. This climate is suitable for agriculture, forestry industries, animal husbandry and fisheries.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Xiamen Municipal Government, P.R.China
  2. ^ a b c d http://www.chinavista.com/xiamen/invest/tongan.html
  3. ^ 厦门市志: 一、地表水 (Xiamen Gazetteer: Chapter 1, Surface waters)

External links

  • Guide to Tongan
  • Xiamen government website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.