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Transport in Algeria

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Transport in Algeria

As the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean region. Algeria has a vast transportation system which include many transportation infrastructures.

Contents

  • Railways 1
    • Timeline 1.1
      • 2009 1.1.1
      • 2006 1.1.2
  • Tramways 2
  • Highways 3
    • Regional highways 3.1
    • Motorways 3.2
  • Pipelines 4
  • Ports and harbors 5
    • Mediterranean Sea 5.1
  • Merchant marine 6
  • Airports 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9

Railways

Shematic map of the main railway line (the Tell Line)

There are a total of 3,973 km (2,469 mi) of railways: 2,888 km (1,795 mi) is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge, with 283 km (176 mi) of that being electrified and 215 km (134 mi) of that being double tracked. There are also a total of 1,085 km (674 mi) of 1,055 mm (3 ft 5 12 in) gauge track.

Anesrif, has been created to manage infrastructure investment.

The High Plateau line is a major new project to build an east-west line across the country, parallel to the Rocade Nord.[1]

Timeline

2009

  • A 690-km line from Béchar to Oran is opened on 15 July.[2]
  • Planning starts on suburban electrification at 25 kV AC.

2006

  • 18 May 2006 SNTF is to spend $US5 billion (about R30bn) in the next five years on improvements.[3] It has awarded a 39-month-duration contract worth €248.3 million to a joint Algerian and Spanish consortium which will double the Annaba-Ramdane Djamal portion of the 626 km Algiers-Annaba line and upgrade the track for 160 km/h operation.
  • 18 May 2006 - By early 2009, it is hoped to open the first 16.3 km section of the new light rail line in Algeria’s capital city, linking Carl du Ruisseau to Bordj El Kiffan.[4]
  • Under construction: there are 3 projects to build tramway networks in 3 major cities: Alger, Oran and Constantine (9 km, planned opening 2010).[5]

Tramways

Currently, Algiers is the only city in the country with a tram line in operation, with one running from the Bordj El Kifan neighborhood to the outskirts of Les Fusiles. Tram projects have been launched in both Constantine and Oran, and over $6 billion has been earmarked for tram projects in 12 provinces throughout Algeria.[6] The government, wanting to diversify the country's future in rail transport, has assigned the Algeirs Subway Company to the projects.

Highways

New highway construction near Aïn Turk - part of the east-west Algerian Highway
There are 71,656 kilometers of paved roads including 640 kilometers of expressways and 32,344 kilometers of unpaved roads for a total road system of 104,000 kilometers.

Regional highways

Algeria has two routes in the Trans-African Highway network, including the Trans-Sahara Highway, soon to be complete as a paved road running from north to south through the country. The country has also embarked (as of 2006) in the construction of a new East-West highway.[7]

Motorways

Motorway network in Algeria is expanding increasingly, along with other kinds of infrastructure, though this is only true for the Northern region of the country, where most of its population lives. And this infrastructure is pretty well developed for North African standards.

Pipelines

There are 456 kilometers of crude oil pipeline, 298 kilometers of refined petroleum pipeline, and 2,948 kilometers of natural gas pipeline. There are also 4 gas exportation pipelines, two existing ones to Spain (Maghreb-Europe Gas Pipeline) and Italy (Trans-Mediterranean Pipeline) and 2 under construction, Medgaz between Oran and Almería, Spain and GALSI between Annaba and Sardinia, Italy. Both pipelines will be extended to France and Germany.

Ports and harbors

Mediterranean Sea

Merchant marine

Statistics for the shipping industry of Algeria
Total: 41 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over)
Totalling: 744,406 GRT/766,764 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
Cargo ships
Bulk ships 7
Cargo ship 10
Roll-on / roll-off ships 3
Tankers
Liquefied gas tanker ships 9
Chemical tanker ships 2
Specialized tanker ships 1
Petroleum tanker ships 5
Passenger ships
Combined passenger/cargo 4
Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.

Airports

An extensive air service used an estimated 137 airports and airstrips in 2004. As of 2005, a total of 52 had paved runways, and there was one heliport. The main international airport, Houari Boumedienne Airport, is about 20 km (12 mi) from Algiers. Constantine, Annaba, Tilimsen, and Oran have smaller modern airports that can accommodate jet aircraft. Air Algérie, the national airline, provides international service. In 2003, a total of about 3.293 million passengers were carried on domestic and international flights.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Railway Gazette: Planning a railway to the High Plateau". Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  2. ^ http://www.elmoudjahid.com/fr/actualites/874
  3. ^ a b Murray Hughes. "Desert riches fuel network revival".  
  4. ^ "Railways Africa". RailwaysAfrica. 
  5. ^ "Metros".  
  6. ^ http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v6/newsindex.php?id=689187 Algeria's Tram Projects
  7. ^ China and Japan consortium to construct Algeria's East-West Highway Magharebia 2006-04-19

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

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