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Transport in Greece

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Transport in Greece

Train of ISAP, the oldest urban rapid transit system of Athens metropolitan area

Transport in Greece has undergone significant changes in the past two decades, vastly modernizing the country's infrastructure. Although ferry transport between islands remains the prominent method of transport between the nation's islands, improvements to the road infrastructure, rail, urban transport, and airports have all led to a vast improvement in transportation. These upgrades have played a key role in supporting Greece's economy, which in the past decade has come to rely heavily on the construction industry.

Contents

  • Rail transport 1
    • Railways 1.1
    • Metro 1.2
    • Commuter Rail 1.3
    • Tram 1.4
  • Road transport 2
    • Highways 2.1
    • Bus transport 2.2
      • Urban bus transport 2.2.1
      • Intercity and regional bus transport 2.2.2
  • Water transport 3
    • Waterways 3.1
    • Ports and harbours 3.2
    • Merchant Marine 3.3
  • Airports 4
  • Pipelines 5
  • Major Construction Projects 6
    • Completed Projects 6.1
      • Motorways 6.1.1
      • Railways 6.1.2
      • Ports and harbours 6.1.3
      • Airports 6.1.4
    • Projects under construction 6.2
      • Motorways 6.2.1
      • Railways 6.2.2
      • Ports and harbours 6.2.3
      • Airports 6.2.4
    • Future projects 6.3
      • Motorways 6.3.1
      • Railways 6.3.2
      • Airports 6.3.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Rail transport

Taxis in front of the New Railway Station, Thessaloniki

Railways

  • total: 2,571 km (764 km are (or will be) electrified)
  • standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge
  • narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge
  • dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435 m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail system) (2004)

The state owned company that owns and maintains Greece's railway network is called OSE, while TrainOSE is the company responsible for operating all passenger and freight trains.

Metro

Cities with a rapid transit railway network:

Commuter Rail

Proastiakos commuter rail

Cities with a commuter rail network (Proastiakos):

Tram

Road transport

Highways

A2 (Egnatia Odos) motorway
Moreas Motorway.
  • As of 2010, Greece has 1600 km of motorways, while by 2015 it is estimated it will have a total of 2800 km.

Roads:

  • total: 117,000 km
  • paved: 107,406 km
  • unpaved: 9,594 km (1996 est.)
  • over 2500 underground tunnels (est.)

Bus transport

Urban bus transport

Preserved vintage trolleybus of ILPAP, Piraeus-Kastella line
  • ETHEL organizes mass bus transit in Athens.
  • Athens.
  • Thessaloniki.
  • Companies named Astiko KTEL provide mass bus transit in many of the other cities of Greece.

Intercity and regional bus transport

KTEL is the common name for every company which is responsible for intercity and regional bus transit. Most of the regional units, though, have their own regional network of buses, and have their regional unit names labeled on KTEL vehicles that operate there. (e.g. KTEL Argolidas).

Water transport

Waterways

View of the port of Patras

The 80 km system consists of three coastal canals including the Corinth Canal (6 km) and three unconnected rivers. The Corinth Canal crosses the Isthmus of Corinth, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf; and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Piraeus by 325 km.

Ports and harbours

Merchant Marine

Airports

  • total: 82 (2005)
  • With paved runways: 67
  • over 3,047 m: 5
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 17

under 914 m: 10 (2005)

  • With unpaved runways: 15
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 3
  • under 914 m: 12 (2005)
  • heliports: 8 (2005)

Pipelines

  • crude oil: 26 km
  • petroleum products: 547 km

Major Construction Projects

Completed Projects

Motorways

Railways

Ports and harbours

Airports

Projects under construction

Motorways

Railways

Ports and harbours

Airports

Future projects

Motorways

  • Larisa-Kozane Motorway

Railways

  • Kiato-Patras standard gauge railway
  • Line 4 (Athens Metro)
  • Igoumenitsa-Ioannina-Kalampaka Railway line
  • Kalampaka-Kastoria Railway line
  • Florina-Pogradec Railway line
  • Kalampaka-Kozani-Thessaloniki-Kavala-Toxotes Railway line
  • Ioannina-Rio Railway line
  • Thessaloniki-Chalkidiki Railway line
  • Thessaloniki-Giannitsa-Skydra Railway line
  • Chania-Rethymnon-Herakleion Railway line
  • Thessaloniki Tram
  • Patras Tram
  • Larisa Tram
  • Ioannina Tram
  • Volos Tram

Airports

  • New Heraclion Airport

See also

References

External links

  • www.Greek-Motorway.Net
  • The Hellenic Merchant Maritime Sector: A Historical and Business Overview (Balkanalysis.com)
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