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Transport in Mauritania

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Title: Transport in Mauritania  
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Subject: Economy of Mauritania, Transport in Mali, Agriculture in Mauritania, Transport in Mauritania, Longest trains
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Transport in Mauritania

A truck in Mauritania carrying a lot of people and goods


Railways in Mauritania

There are no rail links with adjacent countries.

In 2008, a railway was proposed that would link Nouakchott with Tiguint, Mederdra, R'Kiz, Leguatt, Leeleibatt, Menjem Boffal, Kaedi, and Bofal.


  • [1]
  • UNJLC Map





  • May - 8 new EMD locomotives [5]


  • Sunday, August 5, 2007 - Sudan, China To Build $630 Mln Mauritania Railway.

Sudan's Danfodio Holding and China's Transtech Engineering have signed an agreement to build a 460 million euro ($634 million) railway linking Mauritania's capital Nouakchott with southern phosphate deposits at Bofal.[6] The 430 km (270 mi) line would run close to the southern frontier with Senegal. It is hoped that the new line would link with existing lines just across the border in Senegal, Mali [7] There is no through link to Burkina Faso. There are problems of choice of gauge.


There are 450 km of Motorway in Mauritania (in 2010), connecting Nouakchott to Nouadhibou along a coastal route. A motorway linking Nouakchott to Rosso is under construction (due for completion in 2012).


Mauritania has only about 3,000 km (1,900 mi) of surfaced roads, 710 km (440 mi) of unsurfaced roads, and 5,140 km (3,190 mi) of unimproved tracks.[8] The country's size and harsh climate make road maintenance and repair especially problematic.[8] Overland travel is difficult and roadside assistance is almost nonexistent.[8] Public transportation is not safe and road conditions in Mauritania are poor, particularly in the interior.[8] Driving in Mauritania can be treacherous, and many Mauritanians drive without regard to traffic signs or rules.[8] Roadway obstructions and hazards caused by drifting sand, animals, and poor roads often plague motorists.[8]

International highways

The linking Tangier to Dakar passes through Mauritania. The Cairo-Dakar Highway in the Trans-African Highway network also passes through Mauritania, and has recently been paved between the capital Nouakchott and the port of Nouadhibou; only a few kilometres remain unpaved at the Moroccan border Transport en Mauritanie. From Dakar there are links throughout western Africa.

The north-western end of the Trans–West African Coastal Highway is considered by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to originate in Nouakchott.


Ports and harbours

Atlantic Ocean

(from north to south)

Senegal River

Merchant marine

  • None as of 2002

Airports (paved)

  • 9 in total (2002)
  • 3 are of length 2,438 to 3,047 m
  • 6 are of length 1,524 to 2,437 m

Airports (unpaved)

  • 17 in total (2002)
  • 2 are of length 2,438 to 3,047 m
  • 5 are of length 1,524 to 2,437 m
  • 7 are of length 914 to 1,523 m
  • 3 are of length under 914 m

See also


  1. ^ [2]
  2. ^ [3]
  3. ^ [4]
  4. ^
  5. ^ Railways Africa - NEW LOCOS FOR MAURITANIA
  6. ^
  7. ^ Investing | Africa -
  8. ^ a b c d e f Mauritania country-specific information. U.S. Department of State.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
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