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Treaty of Ankara (1921)

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Title: Treaty of Ankara (1921)  
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Subject: Franco-Turkish War, Qal'at Ja'bar, Ankara
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Treaty of Ankara (1921)

Franco-Turkish Pact 1921 (Treaty of Ankara)

The Ankara Agreement (or the Accord of Ankara; Franklin-Bouillon Agreement; Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara, Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması French: Traité d'Ankara) was signed on 20 October 1921[1] between France and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, ending the Franco-Turkish War.

The signatories were French diplomat Henry Franklin-Bouillon and the foreign minister, Yusuf Kemal Bey. Based on the terms of the agreement, the French acknowledged the end of the Franco-Turkish War and ceded large areas to Turkey. However other French units in Turkey were not affected, in return for economic concessions from Turkey. In return, the Turkish government acknowledged French imperial sovereignty over French Mandate of Syria. The treaty was registered in League of Nations Treaty Series on August 30, 1926.[2]

This treaty changed the Treaty of Sèvres border between Syria and Turkey to the benefit of the latter, ceding large areas of the Aleppo and Adana vileyets to Turkey. From west to east, the cities and districts of Adana, Osmaniye, Marash, Aintab, Kilis, Urfa, Mardin, Nusaybin, and Jazirat ibn Umar were consequently ceded to Turkey.[3] In accordance with Article 9 of the treaty the Tomb of Suleyman Shah (the burial place of Suleyman Shah, the grandfather of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire) "shall remain, with its appurtenances, the property of Turkey, who may appoint guardians for it and may hoist the Turkish flag there".[4]

Treaty of Sèvres border between Turkey and Syria

This annulment of French claims over Turkish land was later officially recognised in the Armistice of Mudanya. The new border was recognized in the subsequent Treaty of Lausanne.


  1. ^ "Ankara, Treaty of" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 1, p. 423.
  2. ^ League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 54, pp. 178-193.
  3. ^ Full text of the Franco-Turkish agreement of Ankara
  4. ^

External links

  • Chronology 1921
  • Full text of the Franco-Turkish agreement of Ankara

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