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Trpinja

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Trpinja

Trpinja
Трпиња (Serbian)[1]
Municipality
Municipality of Trpinja
Općina Trpinja
Coat of arms of Trpinja
Coat of arms
Trpinja is located in Croatia
Trpinja
Trpinja
Location of Trpinja in Croatia
Trpinja is located in Vukovar-Syrmia County
Trpinja
Trpinja
Location of Trpinja in Vukovar-Srijem County
Coordinates:
Country  Croatia
County Vukovar-Srijem
Government
 • Municipal mayor Miroslav Palić[2] (SDSS[2])
Area
 • Total 123.87 km2 (47.83 sq mi)
Elevation 86 m (282 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,572
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32224 Trpinja
Area code(s) 32
Vehicle registration VU
Official languages Croatian, Serbian[3]
Municipality established April 13, 1997[4]
Website Official page

Trpinja (Serbian Cyrillic: Трпиња) is a village and municipality in the Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia.

Contents

  • Languages and names 1
    • Serbian language 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate and weather 2.1
    • Transportation 2.2
    • Biome 2.3
  • History 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Population 4.1
    • Religion 4.2
  • Politics 5
    • Multilateral cooperation 5.1
    • Municipality government 5.2
  • Economy 6
  • Education 7
  • Culture 8
    • Municipality Symbols 8.1
    • Points of Interest 8.2
  • Associations and Institutions 9
  • Settlements 10
  • Sport 11
  • Notable natives and residents 12
  • Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities 13
  • See also 14
  • References 15
  • External links 16

Languages and names

In Serbian Cyrillic village is known as Трпиња, and in Hungarian as Terpenye.

Villages Trpinja, Bobota and Vera share common legend about origin of their names. According to legend ancestors of today's inhabitants of villages who settled in Great Serb Migrations under Arsenije III Čarnojević were called Bobe. They were fleeing from Ottoman Empire conquest to preserve their faith. Therefore was formed local phrase which says Bobe suffer for faith or in Serbian Bobe trpiše za veru. From word Bobe was created name Bobota, from word suffer (Serbian:trpiti) was created name Trpinja and from word faith (Serbian:vera) was created name of village Vera.[5]

Another story tells that name Trpinja originated from landowner Trpimir who owned land in the vicinity.[5]

Serbian language

Bilingual sign in village of Vera


  • Official page

External links

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Četvrto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima, page 61., Zagreb, 2009
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.trpinja.hr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13&Itemid=26&lang=hr
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^ Trpinja Municipality Statute
  13. ^ Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja http://www.eparhija-osjeckopoljskabaranjska.hr/CMS/0089/Default.aspx?EID=22759
  14. ^ Vukovar-Srijem http://www.vukovarsko-srijemska-zupanija.com/upload/paragrafi_upload/2009-4-17_31616186_prilog9popisvatrogpostrnovi.pdf
  15. ^ a b c d e http://www.trpinja.hr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=35&Itemid=61
  16. ^
  17. ^

References

See also

Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities

Notable natives and residents

In 2011 local amateur football club Sinđelić, which is named by Stevan Sinđelić, was a champion of regional Veterans League of Joint Council of Municipalities. In village is also active Chess Club Trpinja.

Sport

Settlement Population
Bobota 1,540
Bršadin 1,357
Ćelije 121
Ludvinci 113
Pačetin 548
Trpinja 1,537
Vera 458

There are seven villages in the municipality.[16]

Settlements

In the village exist a volunteer fire department Trpinja,[14] folk Cultural and Artistic Association "MLADOST", Serbian Cultural Society "Prosvjeta",[15] football club "Sinđelić", chess club "Trpinja",[15] Hunting Association "Srndać" and Hunting Association "Trpinja",[15] Association of subsidiaries of pensioners of Trpinja municipality and Subsidiary of pensioners of Trpinja,[15] "Treća životna dob" ("Third age"), The association of anti-fascist fighters of the National Liberation War and Anti-Fascists of Trpinja municipality.[15]

Associations and Institutions

Local cultural society "Mladost" was founded in 1995. Its work preserves and promotes the folk customs and culture of Serbs of Croatian Danube region.

At the central site in the Trpinja is set up a monument fallen soldiers from World War II and the fallen soldiers and victims of war in 1991.

Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord in Trpinja was built from 1753 until 1757.[13] The church is a cultural monument and is on the list of immovable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Valuable objects in the church are also on the list of movable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Object is in regular use and is also open for visitors at certain time. Tourist visitors pay no entrance.

monument fallen soldiers from World War II

Points of Interest

Coat of arms of Trpinja Municipality is in yellow (golden) color with green clover with three leaves in the middle. Flag of Trpinja Municipality is a monochrome blue with the coat of arms in the middle of the flag.[12]

Municipality Symbols

Culture

Elementary School in Trpinja is one of the oldest schools in the region. It was established back in 1776.[11] Classes at the school takes place exclusively in the Serbian language (exception are Croatian and foreign languages).[11] Upon completion of eight years of elementary school, students usually continue their education in secondary schools in Vukovar where they could attend classes on Serbian language. The three most-popular universities after high school are University of Novi Sad, University of Osijek and University of Belgrade.

Elementary School in Trpinja
Elementary School in Trpinja

Education

Trpinja development index is less than 50% of the Croatian average,[9] which classifies them into 10% of the poorest municipalities. Therefore, the municipality is part of the Areas of Special State Concern.[10]

Economy

 Summary of the 19 May 2013 Croatian local elections
Party Votes % Seats
Independent Democratic Serb Party 730 28,62 5
Candidates list of group of voters-Miroslav Palić 704 27,60 5
Candidates list of group of voters-Miroljub Maširević 605 23,72 4
Candidates list of group of voters-Miodrag Pejić 151 5,92 1
Candidates list of group of voters-Rado Lazić 125 4,90 0
Social Democratic Party of Croatia 125 4,90 0
Coalition New Serb Party-Our Party 111 4,35 0
Invalid/blank votes 238 8,53
Total 2.793 100
Registered voters/turnout 5.052 55,29

Additional seat for local Croat minority

Candidates list of group of voters-Miroljub Maširević 1
Source: Croatian Bureau of Statistics page 458 and 459

The municipality assembly is composed of 15 representatives. As of 2013, the member parties/lists are:

Municipality government

Trpinja municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia.

Multilateral cooperation

Politics

Church of St. George in Bobota as well as churches in Vera, Pačetin and Bršadin. There is also Roman Catholic church in village of Ćelije.

Religion

There are 1,537 inhabitants in village Trpinja and 5,572 inhabitants in the municipality according to the 2011 census.[7] The majority of the population are Serbs, making up 89.75% of the population according to the 2011 population census.[8]

Population

Demographics

Name of the Trpinja settlement was first mentioned in 1329 in one document issued in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Document is today kept in Budapest, Hungary.[5] In fact in this period at the place of present Trpinja were settlements Mala Trpinja, Velika Trpinja and Slavenska Trpinja.[5] Villages was owned by the gentry until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1536.[5] Ottoman authorities settled Serb population in this area, which resulted in decreased percentage of local Hungarians. Area was under Ottoman administration until 1691, when it was conquered by the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the census of 1732, Trpinja had 109 Serb families. Built of the Serbian Orthodox church began in 1750 and was completed in 1755. The first school in Trpinja was opened in 1776, while in 1859 Trpinja had a factory for spinning silk.[5] In 1882, population of Trpinja numbered about 1,800 people in 400 homes. The inhabitants were Christian Orthodox Serbs, except of 2-3 families of Roman Catholic faith.[5] Although the period of First World War in a village was marked by a disease and poverty, Trpinja residents hosted the population of the village of Jakovo. The villagers participated in the anti-fascist struggle in World War II, and one number of them ended up in concentration camps of Independent State of Croatia.[5] During war, in nine Slavonian Brigade fought 452 soldiers from Trpinja, of which 75 soldiers were killed.[5] 170 Romani people from Trpinja were arrested by Ustaše and taken to Jasenovac concentration camp in 1942, no one of them returned.[5] According to the 1981 census, Trpinja had 2,243 inhabitants.

Trpinja on map of Syrmia County from 1900

History

Biome

Railway line M601 that connect Vinkovci, Borovo Naselje and Vukovar goes trough Trpinja municipality.

Trpinja is connected by D2 road with rest of country. D55 road goes trough the village Bršadin. County road Ž4111 goes trough the villages Pačetin, Bobota and Vera.

Transportation

Trpinja municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the influence of continentality temperature differences within one year are more pronounced than in the rest of country.

Climate and weather

Municipality is located on border between historical regions Slavonia and Syrmia in the southern part of Pannonian Basin in Podunavlje region. Municipality total area is 123.87 km2 (47.8 sq mi).[6] River Vuka flows through the municipality in length of 8 kilometers and also an artificial Bobota Canal in length of 20 kilometers. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil.

Geography

[1]

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