Tuar/Tomar

For people with the surname Tomar, see Tomar (surname).
Tomar (Tomer) / Tanwar / Tuar clan
Vansh Chandra Vansh
Branches Pathania, Janjua, Jarral, Janghara, Jatu, Jaraita, Satraura, Raghu,
Rulers of Indraprastha, Uttar Kuru, Delhi, Nurpur, Tanwarawati / Torawati, Gwalior, Kayasthapad, Dholpur, Tuargarh
Gotra Atri/Kashyap/Vaiyashuk

Tomara (also called Tomar, Tomer, Tanwar and Tuar) is a clan, some members of which ruled parts of North India at different times. People belonging to the Tomara clan are found among the Rajputs and the Gujjars[1] of northern India.

History

The Tomaras are a Rajput-Gujjar clan and claim descent from the mythical Chandravanshi dynasty, numbering the Mahabharata warrior Arjuna among their forebears. They ruled in Delhi from around 736CE - 1115CE and also in Gwalior (1438-1486) and Rajasthan.[2]

Delhi

The establishment of Delhi as a political centre during the early medieval period was the work of the Tomara ruler Anangpal Tomar (Anangapala), although Rajasthani bardic stories that claim the involvement of Vasuki, a serpent demon, in the process are myths. Evidence of their time in Delhi still exists; for example, a fort and dam in the village of Anangpur and the remains of Lal Kot, which was later enhanced by the Chauhan rulers who supplanted the Tomars.[3] Other possible evidence is less certainly attributed and the Mehrauli pillar that is traditionally said to have been erected by a Tomar ruler may in fact have been moved to its present location from elsewhere.[4] Anangpal claimed descent from the Pandavas and thus to be "Lords Paramount of India".[5]

Kosli village was established by Kosal Dev Singh in 1193 A.D,[6] grandson of Anangpal Tomar (last Hindu king of Delhi) and son of Ausan Singh.

The Tomara dynasty of Delhi lasted until the demise of Anangpal Tomar II, who was responsible for the construction of Lal Kot, a fortified wall around the city, likely in reaction to the raids of Mahmud of Ghazni.[7] This is one of the oldest defence structures in Delhi.[7] Anangpal Tomar II appointed his grandson (daughter's son, and son of King of Ajmer), Prithviraj Chauhan, as the heir-apparent. Some historians believe that Prithvaraj was merely a caretaker king during his grandfather's lifetime. Prithviraj was never crowned in Delhi, hence adding weight to the view that the Chauhan ruler usurped the throne from his maternal grandfather. Anangpal Tomar II had 23 brothers and they each had territory of their own.[8]

According to records kept by bards (or Jagas), King Anangpal Tomar made Prithviraj Chauhan only as caretaker when he went on a religious pilgrimage, as his own sons were very small at that time. When King Anangpal Tomar returned, Prithviraj refused to hand over the kingdom to his maternal grandfather. Whatever the circumstances, the Chauhan dynasty was able to firmly establish control by the mid-12th century.[7]

References

Template:Rajput Groups of India

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