World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0011226296
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tyrothricin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: ATC code D06, ATC code R02, ATC code S01
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Template:Drugbox Tyrothricin is a cyclic polypeptide-antibiotic mixture from Bacillus brevis.[1] It is a locally effective antibiotic effective against gram-positive bacteria. It is sometimes combined with benzocaine 5 mg to provide relief from sore throats. In systemic intake it can lead to severe side effects, therefore, the use is limited to topical application.

Tyrothricin belongs to the pharmacologically related group of polypeptide antibiotic compounds including colistin, polymyxin B and bacitracin. There are no cross-resistance to these three agents.


Tyrothricin inhibits protein biosynthesis of gram-positive organisms, but is completely ineffective against gram-negative.


The most common use for tyrothricin is inflammation of the throat, gastric mucosa, and angina tonsillaris. In order to use tyrothricin, the mucous membrane must be intact. This is to ensure that tyrothricin will not come into contact with the bloodstream, therefore limiting the risk of systemic absorption.


Known hypersensitivity reactions are common, temporary loss of balance (see Vestibular system) and nephrotoxic effects, i.e. impairment of renal function. There are no long term studies about its effect on pregnancy and lactation.

Trade names

Separate preparations: Limexx (AT), Tyrosur (DE)

Compounds: Citropain (CH), Dorithricin (DE, AT), Lemocin (DE, AT, CH), Mebucaine (CH), Mebucasol (CH), Otothricinol (CH), Sangerol (CH), Solmucaine (CH), TYroqualin (CH) and generic (AT, CH), Tyrozets (UK)


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.