World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Udon Thani

Article Id: WHEBN0000211166
Reproduction Date:

Title: Udon Thani  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thailand, Isan, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (city), 2013 Thai League Cup, Nakhon Ratchasima
Collection: Isan, Populated Places in Udon Thani Province
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Udon Thani

Udon Thani
อุดรธานี
Udon
City Municipality
อุดรธานี
Udon Thani
Udon Thani
Udon Thani is located in Thailand
Udon Thani
Coordinates:
Country Thailand
Government
 • Type City Municipality
Area
 • City Municipality 47 km2 (18 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,095 km2 (423 sq mi)
Population (Aug 2012)
 • City Municipality 153,329
 • Density 3,262/km2 (8,450/sq mi)
 • Metro 430,000
 • Metro density 393/km2 (1,020/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postcode 41280
Songthaew in Udon Thani

Udon Thani (Thai: อุดรธานี, pronounced ) is one of the four major cities (Khorat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, and Khon Kaen) of the Isan region, Thailand, (known as the "big four of Isan"). It is the capital of Udon Thani Province.

Contents

  • Location 1
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • Facilities 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Location

Udon's geographical location is approximately 560 km from Bangkok. Udon is a major official and commercial center in northern Isan, Thailand, and the gateway to Laos, northern Vietnam, and southern China.[1] The province of Udon Thani has a population of 1,572,786; the city alone has 399,535.

History

Forty-seven kilometres east of Udon Thani is Thailand's premier Bronze Age excavation at Ban Chiang, a renowned archaeological site.

Within a few kilometres of Udon Thani is the well known temple, Wat Pa Baan That, which was home for many years to forest meditation monk, Luangta Maha Bua, known for his philanthropic endeavors such as accumulating gold and giving it to the national treasury to benefit Thailand's citizens during the economic crisis of the late 1990s. It is said that over the course of his tenure at this temple over US$550 million was collected for the benefit of Thai citizens, either directly or via the construction of hospitals and clinics. Ajahn Maha Bua died in January 2011.

The city became a bustling support center for the nearby Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Base during the Vietnam War and retains reminders of that time in the form of bars, coffee shops, and hotels.

In the mid-1900s, about 46,700 Vietnamese war refugees immigrated to Udon Thani. Their descendants still reside in Udon Thani and communicate with each other in Vietnamese.[2] Today, Udon Thani has the largest Vietnamese community in all of Thailand.

Udon also became the site of a Voice of America relay station alleged to have been a CIA black site.[3]

Asia Pacific Resources, a wholly owned subsidiary of Italian-Thai Development PLC, owns the concession to the Udon Thani potash mines and plans to develop them. According to press reports, Udon Thani has enough potash to mine two million tonnes per year for 25 years. Potash is one of the main components of fertilizer.

Climate

Udon Thani has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are fairly dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 36.3 °C (97.3 °F). The monsoon season runs from late-April through early-October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm. The range of reliably recorded temperatures in the city is from 2.5 °C (36.5 °F) to 43.9 °C (111.0 °F).

Climate data for Udon Thani (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
32.4
(90.3)
34.9
(94.8)
36.3
(97.3)
34.4
(93.9)
33.2
(91.8)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
30.7
(87.3)
29.1
(84.4)
32.42
(90.37)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
18.9
(66)
21.9
(71.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.0
(77)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.9
(73.2)
19.7
(67.5)
16.4
(61.5)
22.02
(71.63)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
16.1
(0.634)
39.3
(1.547)
102.7
(4.043)
199.3
(7.846)
159.6
(6.283)
145.8
(5.74)
184.9
(7.28)
235.0
(9.252)
123.3
(4.854)
20.0
(0.787)
8.7
(0.343)
1,241
(48.857)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 3 4 8 16 18 18 21 18 8 2 1 118
Average relative humidity (%) 65 63 60 63 74 78 78 81 81 76 69 67 71.3
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Facilities

Udon Thani Railway Station

Udon Thani has three Tesco-Lotus stores, two Big C malls, a Makro, and three large shopping malls. The largest shopping mall is CentralPlaza Udon Thani which hosts Udon Thani's largest movie theatre cinema Major Cineplex. CentralPlaza Udon Thani was reopened 27 March 2012 after a massive renovation and expansion. Landmark Plaza has the second largest cineplex in Udon Thani, SF Cinema City. The shopping mall, UD Town, opened in winter 2009. In a park-like setting on an area of 38,000 m² (24 rai), UD Town is Thailand's largest open air shopping center (Chatuchak market in Bangkok may possibly come a close second in size).

References

  1. ^ "Udon Thani". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Paanchiangwong, Songgot (Sep 2009). "A Note On Interference of Thai Reduplication on Vietnamese Spoken in Udon Thani Province of Thailand" (PDF). Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society 2: 241–245. Retrieved 2014-11-10. 
  3. ^ Crispin, Shawn W (2008-01-25). "US and Thailand: Allies in Torture". Asia Times. Retrieved 2014-11-10. 

External links

  • Udon Thani travel guide from Wikivoyage
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.