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United Kingdom general election, December 1910

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United Kingdom general election, December 1910

United Kingdom general election, December 1910

3–19 December 1910

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour John Redmond
Party Liberal Conservative Irish Parliamentary
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902 6 February 1900
Leader's seat East Fife City of London Waterford City
Last election 274 seats, 43.1% 272 seats, 46.7% 71 seats, 1.2%
Seats won 272 271 74
Seat change Decrease 2 Decrease 1 Increase 3
Popular vote 2,293,869 2,420,169 90,416
Percentage 43.9% 46.3% 1.7%
Swing Increase 0.7% Decrease 0.3% Increase 0.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader George Nicoll Barnes William O'Brien
Party Labour All-for-Ireland
Leader since 14 February 1910 15 January 1910
Leader's seat Glasgow Blackfriars and Hutchesontown Cork City
Last election 40 seats, 7.6% 8 seats, 0.4%
Seats won 42 8
Seat change Increase 2 Steady
Popular vote 371,802 30,322
Percentage 7.1% 0.6%
Swing Decrease 0.6% Increase 0.2%

PM before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Subsequent PM

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The United Kingdom general election of December 1910 was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last British election to be held over several days[1] and the last to be held prior to the First World War (1914–18).

The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Nationalists. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom national election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats, until the 2014 European Parliament elections when the UK Independence Party polled first.[2]

1906 election MPs
Jan 1910 election MPs
Dec 1910 election MPs
1918 election MPs
1922 election MPs

Results

272 271 74 42 11
Liberal Conservative IP Labour O
UK General Election December 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist 548 271 (235 + 36) 28 29 - 1 40.4 46.6 2,270,753 -0.3
  Liberal 467 272 23 25 - 2 40.6 43.2 2,157,256 +0.7
  Labour 56 42 5 3 + 2 6.3 6.3 309,963 -0.6
  Irish Parliamentary 81 74 5 2 + 3 11.0 1.9 90,416 +0.7
  All-for-Ireland 21 8 2 2 0 1.2 0.6 30,322 +0.2
  Social Democratic Federation 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 5,733 -0.1
  Independent Conservative 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.1 4,647
  Independent Labour 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,492
  Independent Liberal 1 0 0 1 - 1 0.0 1,946
  Scottish Prohibition 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 913
  Independent Nationalist 4 2 0 1 - 1 0.3 0.0 911
  Independent 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 57
Seat winners in England and Wales

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
46.57%
Liberal
  
44.23%
Labour
  
6.36%
Irish Parliamentary
  
1.85%
Independent
  
0.23%
Others
  
0.78%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
40.45%
Liberal
  
40.6%
Labour
  
6.27%
Irish Parliamentary
  
11.04%
All-for-Ireland
  
1.19%
Independent
  
0.45%

See also

External links

  • December 1910 Conservative manifesto
  • December 1910 Labour manifesto
  • December 1910 Liberal manifesto

References

  1. ^ General Election Dates 1832–2005, Parliament of the United Kingdom
  2. ^ "What UKIP victory means". BBC News. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
  • United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979
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