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United Socialist Party of Venezuela

United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
Eternal President and Founder Hugo Chávez[1]
President Nicolas Maduro
Vice President Diosdado Cabello
Founded 24 March 2007
Preceded by Fifth Republic Movement
Headquarters Mariperez, Caracas
Youth wing United Socialist Party of Venezuela Youth
Membership  (2007) 5,700,000
Ideology Socialism of the 21st century
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Great Patriotic Pole
International affiliation São Paulo Forum
Regional affiliation COPPPAL
Colors      Red
Seats in the National Assembly
96 / 165
Governors of States of Venezuela
20 / 23
242 / 337
Politics of Venezuela
Political parties

The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez. It has approximately 5.7 million members as of 2007.[3] PSUV held primary elections on 2 May 2010 for candidates to the National Assembly election in September, with 2,568,090 members voting.[4]


  • History 1
  • Overview 2
  • Structure 3
    • Party Congress 3.1
    • Units of Battle Hugo Chávez (UBCh) 3.2
  • Election results 4
    • Presidential 4.1
    • Parliament (National Assembly) 4.2
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The process of merging most of the unidentified parties involved in the pro-Bolivarian Revolution coalition was initiated by Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez after he won the Venezuelan presidential election of 2006.[5] The process was led by Chávez' own party, the Fifth Republic Movement, and was supported by a range of smaller parties such as the People's Electoral Movement (MEP), Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV), the Tupamaro Movement, the Socialist League and others [6] which all together added up 45.99% of the votes received by Chávez during the 2006 election.[7] Other pro-Bolivarian parties like the Communist Party of Venezuela (Partido Comunista de Venezuela, PCV),[8] Fatherland for All (Patria Para Todos, PPT)[9] and For Social Democracy (PODEMOS),[10] that cast 14.60% of the votes from that election, declined to join the new party.

On 7 March 2007, Chávez presented a phased plan for founding the new party until November 2007.[11] PODEMOS, PPT and PCV initially stated they would wait until PSUV had been founded and decide their membership in the new party based on its program.[12] On 18 March 2007, Chávez declared on his programme Aló Presidente that he had "opened the doors for Podemos, Patria Para Todos, and the Communist Party of Venezuela if they want to go away from Chávez´s alliance, they may do so and leave us in peace". In his opinion, those parties were near to be on the opposition and they should choose wisely, between going "in silence, hugging us or throwing stones".[13] PPT, at its 2007 congress on April 10 and 11, decided not to join but re-affirmed its support for Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution.[14]

Parties joining PSUV Parties not joining PSUV
Fifth Republic Movement (MVR) For Social Democracy (PODEMOS)
People's Electoral Movement (MEP)[15] Fatherland for All (PPT)
Everybody Wins Independent Movement (MIGATO) Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV)
Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV)[16] Revolutionary Middle Class (CMR)
Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (MRT)[17] Emergent People (GE)
Socialist League (LS)[18] Action Networks of Communitary Change (REDES)
Movement for Direct Democracy (MDD)[19] Communitary Patriotic Unity (UPC)
Union Party[20] New People Concentration Movement (MCGN)
Militant Civic Movement (MCM)[21] Active Democracy National Organization (ONDA)
Action Force of Base Coordination (FACOBA) National Independent Movement (MNI)
Independents for the National Community (IPCN)[22] Labor Power (PL)
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents (CRV)

The party held its founding congress in early 2008,[23] from 12 January to 2 March, with 1681 delegates participating.[24] Chávez was proclaimed President of the new party on 14 March.[24]

As of 2014, the party has been described as "fracturing" and "weakening" due to the loss of Hugo Chávez, the poor state of Venezuela's economy and falling oil prices.[25] Internal issues also appeared in the party, with an email address and telephone hotline created to report "internal enemies".[25] In 23 November PSUV elections, it was reported by party dissidents that very few individuals participated, with less than 10% of the supposedly 7.6 million members casting a vote.[25]


Chávez said that "It's a very young party" with an average age of 35 among members. Analysts agreed, saying: "The assumption is that the younger people are going to be Bolivarians [in support of Chávez], they are going to be the ones whose families have benefited from Chávez's social programs."[3]

With the creation of PSUV, relationships greatly soured with former coalition parties that chose not to join. By the 2008 regional election campaign in October, Chávez declared that "Patria Para Todos and the Communist Party of Venezuela will disappear from the political map because they are liars and manipulators."[26]

In April 2010, an Extraordinary Congress of the PSUV resulted in the endorsement of a range of "general principles", including among others socialism, Marxism, and Bolivarianism; humanism, internationalism, and patriotism; and the defense of participatory democracy and use of internal party democracy. It also defined the party as the "political vanguard of the revolutionary process".[2]

The party held its 3rd Congress in 2014, which elected Nicolás Maduro as the 2nd party president and honored Hugo Chávez posthumously as the party's eternal president and founder, and party policies were updated.


Party Congress

The party is headed at the national level by the eternal President Jorge Arreaza), and a 29-member national board of directors:

Units of Battle Hugo Chávez (UBCh)

The Units of Battle Hugo Chávez (UBCh) is a collection of organizations with multiple members of PSUV involved that has both military and political characteristics.[27] The UBCh originated as a group to defend the Bolivarian Revolution and support PSUV through electoral processes in Venezuela.[27]

Other assisting groups include:

Election results


Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.07 (#1)
Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".

Parliament (National Assembly)

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
2010 5,451,419 48.3 (#1)
97 / 165


  1. ^ "Comandante Chávez nombrado presidente eterno del PSUV" [Commander-in-chief Chávez named Eternal President of the PSUV]. Caracas:  
  2. ^ a b PSUV, June 2010, Libro Rojo, pp45-6
  3. ^ a b Bloomberg, 11 October 2007, Venezuela May Lower Voting Age, Add Gay Rights in Constitution
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Greg Morsbach (December 19, 2006). "Venezuela head seeks party merger".  
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Presidential Election December 3, 2006" (in Spanish).  
  8. ^
  9. ^ (Spanish) El Universal, 5 March 2007, José Albornoz: El PPT no se disolverá
  10. ^
  11. ^ Chris Carlson (March 7, 2007). "Chavez Presents Plan for Socialist Unity Party of Venezuela". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ Gregory Wilpert (5 March 2007). "Chavez Allies Delay Decision on Merging with New Venezuelan Socialist Party". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  13. ^ (Spanish) El Universal, 19 March 2007, "Los que se quieran ir, váyanse, pero escojan bien cómo irse"
  14. ^
  15. ^ MEP aceptó propuesta de Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
  16. ^ UPV se disuelve para formar parte del Partido Socialista Único de Venezuela
  17. ^ El Tiempo - El Periódico del Pueblo Oriental
  18. ^ Liga Socialista se adhiere al PSUV
  19. ^ MDD apoya el llamado a conformar el PSUV
  20. ^ PSUV: Partido Unión se disuelve para incorporarse al PSUV
  21. ^ PSUV: Propuestas del Movimiento Cívico Militante (MCM) sobre el Partido Único y el Socialismo del Siglo XXI
  22. ^ PSUV: Partido Independientes por la Comunidad se incorpora al PSUV
  23. ^ Kiraz Janicke; Federico Fuentes (14 January 2008). "Chavez Inaugurates Founding Congress of New Socialist Party of Venezuela".  
  24. ^ a b PSUV, Somos un faro para América Latina y el Mundo, accessed 12 May 2011
  25. ^ a b c "Venezuela Is On Borrowed Time". Business Insider. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  26. ^ (Spanish) Radio Mundial, 11 October 2008, "Chávez: PPT y PCV desaparecerán del mapa político por "mentirosos y manipuladores"
  27. ^ a b """Contraataque de Maduro: alista las "Unidades de Batalla Hugo Chávez.  

External links

  • Official website
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