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United States House of Representatives elections, 1842

 

United States House of Representatives elections, 1842

United States House of Representatives elections, 1842

August 1, 1842 - February 14, 1844

All 223 seats to the United States House of Representatives
122 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader John Jones John White
Party Democratic Whig
Leader's seat Virginia-6th Kentucky-6th
Last election 98 seats 144 seats
Seats won 148[1] 73[2]
Seat change Increase 50 Decrease 71

  Third party
 
Party Other
Leader's seat Rhode Island-1st
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 2
Seat change Increase 2

Speaker before election

John White
Whig

Elected Speaker

John Jones
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 28th Congress were held at various dates in different states between August 1, 1842 (Missouri) and February 14, 1844 (Maryland).

Just one election cycle after the Whig Party gained control of Congress, they lost their majority. Whig president William Henry Harrison died within a month of taking office and his successor, John Tyler, was disliked by members of both parties. Tyler's widespread unpopularity lead to an enormous defeat for his party, and the Whigs lost 70 seats, giving the Democrats a majority. With the economy rebounding, rural voters also chose the Democratic ticket to turn away from Whig policies of economic nationalism. The Law and Order Party, formed in response to the Dorr Rebellion in Rhode Island, also won seats.

Election summaries

Apportionment in these elections was based on the Census of 1840 and was the first, and only (with the exception of the minor adjustment after the 1960 census) in which the total number of seats in the House was decreased, being reduced from 242 to 223. 15 States lost between 1 and 6 Representatives each, 3 States had no change in representation, and 8 States gained between 1 and 4 seats. The apportionment bill of 1840 mandated that all Representatives be elected from single-Representative contiguous districts, abolishing plural districts and at-large districts in states with 2 or more Representatives.[3] Four states with multi-member at-large districts delayed districting.

148 2 73
Democratic LO Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig Law and Order
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Arkansas At-large October 3, 1842 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large November 8, 1842 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 3, 1842 8 Decrease1 8 Increase8 0 Decrease9 0 Steady
Illinois District August 7, 1842 7 Increase4 6 Increase4 1 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District November 14, 1842 10 Decrease2 2 Increase1 8 Decrease3 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 1, 1842 5 Increase3 5 Increase3 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District[4] October 8, 1842 5 Decrease1 4 Increase4 1[2] Decrease5 0 Steady
New York District November 8, 1842 34 Decrease6 24 Increase4 10 Decrease10 0 Steady
Tennessee District August 3, 1842 11 Decrease2 6 Increase1 5 Decrease3 0 Steady
1843 elections
Alabama District August 7, 1843 7 Increase2 6 Increase1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Connecticut District April 5, 1843 4 Decrease2 4 Increase4 0 Decrease6 0 Steady
Indiana District August 7, 1843 10 Increase3 8 Increase7 2 Decrease4 0 Steady
Kentucky District August 7, 1843 10 Decrease3 5 Increase3 5 Decrease6 0 Steady
Louisiana District July 3–5, 1843 4 Increase1 4 Increase3 0 Decrease2 0 Steady
Maine District September 11, 1843 7 Decrease1 5 Increase1 2 Decrease2 0 Steady
Michigan District[4] November 8, 1843 3 Increase2 3 Increase3 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large November 6–7, 1843 4 Increase2 4 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large March 3, 1843 4 Decrease1 4 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District August 3, 1843 9 Decrease4 5 Steady 4 Decrease4 0 Steady
Ohio District October 10, 1843 21 Increase2 12 Increase5 9 Decrease3 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District October 10, 1843 24 Decrease4 12[1] Decrease3 12 Decrease1 0 Steady
Rhode Island District[4] August 29, 1843 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease2 2 Increase2
South Carolina District February 20–21, 1843 7 Decrease2 7 Decrease1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
Vermont District September 5, 1843 4 Decrease1 1 Increase1 3 Decrease2 0 Steady
Virginia District April 27, 1843 15 Decrease6 12 Increase2 3 Decrease8 0 Steady
1844 elections
Maryland District February 14, 1844 6 Decrease2 0 Decrease2 6 Steady 0 Steady
Total 223 Decrease19 148[1]
66.4%
Increase50 73[2]
32.7%
Decrease71 2
0.9%
Increase2
House seats
Democratic
  
66.37%
Whig
  
32.74%
Others
  
0.90%

External links

  • http://clerk.house.gov/histHigh/Congressional_History/index.html
  • OurCampaigns overview of the 1842-1843 congressional elections

References

  1. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Democrat
  2. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Whig
  3. ^ Stat. 491
  4. ^ a b c Changed from at-large
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