World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

United States House of Representatives elections, 1896

 

United States House of Representatives elections, 1896

United States House of Representatives elections, 1896

November 3, 1896[Note 1]

All 357 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Thomas Brackett Reed Joseph Weldon Bailey
Party Republican Democratic
Last election 254 seats 93 seats
Seats won 210[1][Note 2] 124[1]
Seat change 44 31

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader John Calhoun Bell
Party Populist Silver
Last election 9 seats 1 seat
Seats won 22[1] 1[1]
Seat change 13

Speaker before election

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elected Speaker

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1896 for members of the 55th Congress, coinciding with the election of President William McKinley.

In spite of McKinley's victory over William Jennings Bryan, both the Democratic and Populist parties gained seats from McKinley's Republican Party. This is most likely a reaction to the extraordinary Republican gains in 1894, in which many normally Democratic districts switched parties due to the severity of and fallout from the Panic of 1893. Many Mid-Atlantic and Midwestern regions that were dominated by Catholic and working-class voters, switched to Republican in 1894, but returned to the Democratic Party during this election cycle. The Populist Party also made huge gains as Republicans were ousted in Western states. Despite this, the Republicans did maintain a strong majority in the House. Also, several Western Republicans split with the party in 1896, forming the tiny Silver Republican Party faction, which advocated a silver standard.

This election marked the zenith of the Populist Party, which would go on to lose most of its seats in the 1898 elections and thereafter slowly fade from prominence.

Contents

  • Election summaries 1
  • Early election dates 2
  • Complete list of races 3
    • Alabama 3.1
    • California 3.2
    • Florida 3.3
    • Maine 3.4
    • Ohio 3.5
    • Oregon 3.6
    • South Carolina 3.7
    • Vermont 3.8
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8

Election summaries

206 1 3 1 22 124
Republican IR SR S P Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Populist Silver/
Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 1 1 7 2 1 1 0
Arkansas District 6 0 6 0 0
California District 7 3 3 2 1 2 2 0
Colorado District 2 0 1 0 1 1[Note 3] 1
Connecticut District 4 4 0 0 0
Delaware At-large 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
Florida District 2 0 2 0 0
Georgia District 11 0 11 0 0
Idaho At-large 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
Illinois District 22 17 3 5 3 0 0
Indiana District 13 9 4 4 4 0 0
Iowa District 11 11 0 0 0
Kansas District
+at-large
8 2 5 0 6 5 0
Kentucky District 11 4 1 7 1 0 0
Louisiana District 6 0 6 0 0
Maine[Note 4] District 4 4 0 0 0
Maryland District 6 6 3 0 3 0 0
Massachusetts District 13 12 1 0 0
Michigan District 12 10 2 2 2 0 0
Minnesota District 7 7 0 0 0
Mississippi District 7 0 7 0 0
Missouri District 15 3 7 12 7 0 0
Montana At-large 1 0 1 0 0 1[Note 3] 1
Nebraska District 6 2 3 0 4 3 0
Nevada At-large 1 0 0 0 1
New Hampshire District 2 2 0 0 0
New Jersey District 8 8 0 0 0
New York District 34 29 1 5 1 0 0
North Carolina District 9 3 1 1 5 1 0
North Dakota At-large 1 1 0 0 0
Ohio District 21 15 4 6 4 0 0
Oregon[Note 4] District 2 2 0 0 0
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 27[Note 5] 1 3 1 0 0
Rhode Island District 2 2 0 0 0
South Carolina District 7 0 1 7 1 0 0
South Dakota At-large 2 0 2 0 2 2 0
Tennessee District 10 2 2 8 2 0 0
Texas District 13 1 12 0 0
Utah At-large 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
Vermont[Note 4] District 2 2 0 0 0
Virginia District 10 4 2 6 2 0 0
Washington[Note 6] At-large 2 0 2 1 1 0 1[Note 3] 1
West Virginia District 4 4 0 0 0
Wisconsin District 10 10 0 0 0
Wyoming At-large 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
Total 357 207[Note 5]
58.0%
47 124
34.7%
31 22
6.2%
13 4[Note 7]
0.8%
3
House seats
Republican
  
57.98%
Democratic
  
34.73%
Populist
  
6.16%
Silver Republican
  
0.84%
Silver
  
0.28%

The previous election of 1894 saw the election of 7 Populists and a Silver Party member.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Populist
  80.1-100% Republican
  80.1-100% Silver
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Populist
  60.1-80% Republican
 
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
  Up to 60% Silver
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Populist gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Silver gain
  no net change

Early election dates

Three states, with 8 seats between them, held elections early in 1896:

Complete list of races

Party abbreviations

Alabama

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1 Richard Henry Clarke Democratic 1888 Retired to Run for Governor
Democratic hold
George W. Taylor (politician) (D) 70.50%
Frank H. Threatt (R) 25.38%
Emory C. Stearnes (Pop) 3.84%
Alabama 2 Jesse F. Stallings Democratic 1892 Re-elected Jesse F. Stallings (D) 55.94%
Thomas H. Clarke (ND) 25.63%
John C. Fonville (Pop) 18.43%
Alabama 3 George Paul Harrison, Jr. Democratic 1894 Retired
Democratic hold
Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr. (D) 52.61%
George L. Comer (ND) 25.94%
Emmet C. Jackson (Pop) 21.45%
Alabama 4 William F. Aldrich Republican 1894 Re-elected;
Initially Thomas Plowman was declared the winner but Aldrich
contested the results. The revised totals favored Aldrich, and
he was seated on February 8, 1896. It is the revised totals that
are displayed here.
William F. Aldrich (R) 49.75%
Thomas S. Plowman (D) 45.59%
Edmund H. Dryer (ND) 4.66%
Alabama 5 Albert Taylor Goodwyn Populist 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Willis Brewer (D) 60.85%
Albert Taylor Goodwyn (Pop) 39.15%
Alabama 6 John H. Bankhead Democratic 1886 Re-elected John H. Bankhead (D) 55.07%
A. S. Van de Graff (ND) 27.05%
George S. Youngblood (Pop) 17.88%
Alabama 7 Milford W. Howard Populist 1894 Re-elected Milford W. Howard (Pop) 35.79%
William I. Bullock (D) 32.66%
James J. Curtis (R) 28.91%
George H. Parker (ND) 2.64%
Alabama 8 Joseph Wheeler Democratic 1884 Re-elected Joseph Wheeler (D) 56.66%
Oscar W. Hundley (R) 42.13%
W. W. Callahan (ND) 1.21%
Alabama 9 Truman H. Aldrich Republican 1894 Retired
Democratic gain
Oscar Underwood (D) 62.98%
Grattan B. Crowe (R) 26.21%
Archibald Lawson (ND) 10.81%

California

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Re-elected John All Barham (R) 49.66%
Fletcher A. Cutler (D) 45.48%
George W. Montieth (Pop) 4.17%
B. F. Taylor (Pr) 0.69%
California 2 Grove L. Johnson Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Marion De Vries (D) 55.51%
Grove L. Johnson (R) 42.28%
F. E. Coulter (Pr) 2.21%
California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn Republican 1894 Re-elected Samuel G. Hilborn (R) 54.02%
Warren B. English (D) 44.03%
John H. Eustice (SL) 1.06%
William Shafer (Pr) 0.89%
California 4 James G. Maguire Democratic 1892 Re-elected James G. Maguire (D) 60.98%
Thomas B. O'Brien (R) 34.97%
E. T. Kingsley (SL) 3.10%
Joseph Rowell (Pr) 0.96%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Re-elected Eugene F. Loud (R) 48.58%
Joseph P. Kelly (D) 26.35%
A. B. Kinne (Pop) 22.16%
Henry Daniels (SL) 1.90%
T. H. Lawson (Pr) 1.01%
California 6 James McLachlan Republican 1892 Lost re-election
Populist gain
Charles A. Barlow (P) 48.91%
James McLachlan (R) 47.57%
Henry Clay Needham (Pr) 2.42%
Job Harriman (SL) 1.10%
California 7 William W. Bowers Republican 1890 Lost re-election
Populist gain
Curtis H. Castle (P) 46.72%
William W. Bowers (R) 46.12%
William H. Carlson (I) 5.21%
James W. Webb (Pr) 1.95%

Florida

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 77.5%
E. K. Nichols (R) 14.6%
J. Asakiah Williams (Pop) 6.8%
J. C. Green (Pr.) 1.1%
Florida 2 Charles Merian Cooper Democratic 1892 Retired
Democratic hold
Robert Wyche Davis (D) 61.9%
Joseph N. Stripling (R) 28.6%
Daniel G. Ambler (ND) 5.0%
William R. Peterson (Pop) 3.7%
M. E. Spencer (Pr) 0.8%

Maine

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maine 1 Thomas Brackett Reed Republican 1876 Reelected Thomas Brackett Reed (R) 66.90%
Edward W. Staples (D) 30.42%
Aaron Clark (Pr) 2.09%
James E. Campion (Pop) 0.59%
Maine 2 Nelson Dingley, Jr. Republican 1880 Reelected Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R) 69.21%
Arwood Levensaler (D) 26.01%
Charles E. Allen (Pop) 3.38%
Edward W. Ogier (Pr) 1.41%
Maine 3 Seth L. Milliken Republican 1882 Reelected Seth L. Milliken (R) 68.20%
Melvin S. Holway (D) 26.18%
Bradford F. Lancaster (Pop) 3.82%
William S. Thompson (Pr) 1.80%
Maine 4 Charles A. Boutelle Republican 1882 Reelected Charles A. Boutelle (R) 65.96%
Andrew J. Chase (D) 28.39%
George M. Park (Pr) 2.89%
Oliver D. Chapman (Pop) 2.76%

Ohio

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[2]
Ohio 1 Charles Phelps Taft Republican 1894 retired
Republican Hold
Ohio 2 Jacob H. Bromwell Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 3 Paul J. Sorg Democratic 1894 retired
Democratic Hold
Ohio 4 Fernando C. Layton Democratic 1890 retired
Democratic Hold
  • George A. Marshall (D) 60.6%
  • John P. Maclean (R) 39.4%
Ohio 5 Francis B. De Witt Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 6 George W. Hulick Republican 1892 Lost re-nomination
Republican hold
Ohio 7 George W. Wilson Republican 1892 retired
Republican Hold
Ohio 8 Luther M. Strong Republican 1892 Lost re-nomination
Republican hold
Ohio 9 James H. Southard Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 10 Lucien J. Fenton Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 11 Charles H. Grosvenor Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 12 David K. Watson Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 13 Stephen Ross Harris Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 14 Winfield S. Kerr Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 15 H. Clay Van Voorhis Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 16 Lorenzo Danford Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 17 Addison S. McClure Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 18 Robert W. Tayler Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 19 Stephen A. Northway Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 20 Clifton B. Beach Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 21 Theodore E. Burton Republican 1894 Re-elected

Oregon

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oregon 1 Binger Hermann Republican 1892 Retired
Republican hold
Thomas H. Tongue (R) 40.39%
W. S. Vandenberg (Pop) 40.26%
Jefferson Myers (D) 16.52%
N. C. Christensen (Pr) 2.83%
Oregon 2 William R. Ellis Republican 1892 Reelected William R. Ellis (R) 30.38%
Martin Quinn (Pop) 29.47%
H. H. Northrup (I) 21.20%
A. S. Bennett (D) 17.09%
F. McKercher (Pr) 1.87%

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George W. Murray Republican 1892[Note 8] Lost re-election
Democratic gain
William Elliott (D) 63.7%
George W. Murray (RR) 33.9%
W. Cecil Cohen (R) 2.4%
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Re-elected W. Jasper Talbert (D) 92.4%
B. P. Chatfield (R) 7.3%
Others 0.3%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Re-elected Asbury Latimer (D) 92.0%
A. C. Merreck (R) 6.2%
Clarence Gray (RR) 1.8%
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stanyarne Wilson (D) 92.2%
P. S. Suber (R) 4.2%
D. T. Bounds (RR) 3.6%
South Carolina 5 Thomas J. Strait Democratic 1892 Re-elected Thomas J. Strait (D) 91.0%
John F. Jones (R) 9.0%
South Carolina 6 John L. McLaurin Democratic 1892 Re-elected John L. McLaurin (D) 87.7%
J. E. Wilson (R) 7.9%
George Henry McKie 4.3%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 7 Previous incumbent J. William Stokes (D)'s election declared void due to electoral fraud Democratic hold J. William Stokes[Note 9] (D) 85.6%
T. B. Johnson (R) 14.2%
D. A. Perrin (IR) 0.2%

John L. McLaurin (D) of the 6th district resigned May 31, 1897 after being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by James Norton (D)

Vermont

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont 1 H. Henry Powers Republican 1890 Reelected H. Henry Powers (R) 76.45%
Peter F. McManus (D) 22.49%
Andrew S. Bowen (Pop) 1.06%
Vermont 2 William W. Grout Republican 1884 Reelected William W. Grout (R) 80.41%
Henry E. Fitzgerald (D) 18.95%
Thomas J. Aldrich (Pop) 0.64%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 1 and September 14.
  2. ^ Includes 1 Independent Republican and 3 Silver Republicans.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the Silver Republican Party faction elected.
  4. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  5. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Republican, Thomas S. Butler, of PA-06.
  6. ^ While Dubin (p. 320) indicates the two representatives elected to serve Washington state, J. Hamilton Lewis and William C. Jones, were Populists, most other sources (e.g. Martis, pp. 150–151, etc.) indicate that they were elected as a Democrat and a Silver Republican, respectively.
  7. ^ Includes 3 members of the Silver Republican Party faction.
  8. ^ Won contested election in 1894.
  9. ^ Also won special election in 54th Congress.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 150–151.
  2. ^ Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 694, 695. 

Bibliography

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc.  
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 

External links

  • Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.