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United States Minister to Hawaii

Minister of the United States to Hawaii
Seal of the United States Department of State
Inaugural holder John Coffin Jones Jr.
as Agent for Commerce and Seamen
Formation 1820
Abolished August 12, 1898

The Minister to Hawaii was an office of the United States Department of State to the Kingdom of Hawaii during the period of 1810 to 1898. Appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of Congress, the Minister to Hawaii was equivalent in rank to the present-day ambassador of the United States to foreign governments. As principal envoy of the United States government to the monarch of Hawaii, the Minister to Hawaii often dealt in affairs relating to economic, military and political matters affecting both nations. The Minister to Hawaii also represented the interests of American citizens residing and working in Hawaii, conveying their concerns over United States foreign policy to the President of the United States.

Two Ministers to Hawaii became paramount figures in the history of Republic of Hawaii.


  • Agents and Consuls 1
  • Commissioners 2
  • List of Ministers 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Agents and Consuls

The first representatives were given the unpaid title of Agent for Commerce and Seamen and in 1844 given the title of Consul. There are gaps and overlaps in the dates due to the six-month journey from the eastern Unitest States to Hawaii at the time.[1]

In 1850 Charles Bunker was added as a consul in Lahaina.[3]


In 1843 the diplomatic representative was called Commissioner.[1]

List of Ministers

This is a list of American Ministers (replacing the rank of Commissioner, similar to current rank of Ambassador) to the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1863 to 1893.

John L. Stevens, United States Minister to Hawaii, ordered the landing of the United States Marine Corps on Oʻahu which has been subjected to competing historical interpretations.

See also


  1. ^ a b Rhoda E. A. Hackler (2008). ""Earnest Persuasion but Not Peremptory Demand:" United States Government Policy toward the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, 1820–1863". Hawaiian Journal of History (Hawaiian Historical Society) 42: 49–67.  
  2. ^ Richard A. Greer (1995). "A. G. Abell's Hawaiian Interlude". Hawaiian Journal of History (Hawaiian Historical Society) 29: 57–74.  
  3. ^ Peter von Buol (2006). "Abner Pratt and Michigan's Honolulu House". Prologue 38 (4) (U.S. National Archives). Retrieved March 4, 2011. 

External links

  • "U.S. Chiefs of Mission for Hawaii". official web site.  
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