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United States Senate election in Massachusetts, 1916

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United States Senate election in Massachusetts, 1916

United States Senate elections, 1916

November 7, 1916[1]

35 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 56 seats 40 seats
Seats won 54 42
Seat change 2 2

  Republican holds
  Republican pickups
  Democratic holds
  Democratic pickups


Majority party before election

Democratic

Elected Majority party

Republican

The U.S. Senate election, 1916 was an election that coincided with the re-election of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson. Republicans gained a net pick-up of two seats from the Democrats.

Republicans picked up seven seats:

Democrats picked up five seats:

A notable freshmen was future Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg (R-MN).

Complete list of races

Bold state indicates election article link.

Bold candidate indicates winner.

Separate election

Date State Reason Incumbent Party Result Candidates
September 11, 1916 Maine[2] Incumbent died June 16, 1916 Edwin C. Burleigh Republican Republican hold Bert M. Fernald (Republican), 54.28%
Kenneth C.M. Sills (Democratic), 45.49%
Frederick Shepherd (Prohibition), 0.23%

November elections

All elections are for the Class 1 seat, unless otherwise indicated.

State Incumbent Party Result Candidate(s)
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic Re-elected[3] Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic), 55.36%
Joseph Henry Kibbey (Republican), 39.4%
W. S. Bradford (Socialist), 5.24%
Arkansas
Special: Class 3
Vacant Vacant James Paul Clarke (D) died 39 days before election[4]
Democratic hold
William F. Kirby (Democratic), 69.27%
H. L. Remmel (Republican), 30.73%
California John D. Works Republican Retired[5]
Republican hold
Hiram Johnson (Republican), 61.09%
George S. Patton, Sr. (Democratic), 29.54%
Walter Thomas Mills (Socialist), 5.25%
Marshall Atwood (Prohibition), 4.12%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican Re-elected[6] George P. McLean (Republican), 50.17%
Homer Stille Cummings (Democratic), 46.24%
Martin Plunkett (Socialist), 2.48%
Wilbur Manchester (Prohibition), 0.83%
Otto Ruckser (Socialist Labor), 0.29%
Delaware Henry A. du Pont Republican Lost re-election[7]
Democratic gain
Josiah O. Wolcott (Democratic), 49.67%
Henry A. du Pont (Republican), 44.77%
Hiram A. Burton (Progressive), 4.61%
William C. Ferris (Socialist), 0.96%
Florida Nathan P. Bryan Democratic Lost renomination[8]
Democratic hold
Park Trammell (Democratic), 82.86%
William O'Neal (Republican), 12.45%
R. L. Goodwin (Socialist), 4.69%
Indiana
General
John W. Kern Democratic Lost re-election[9]
Republican gain
Harry Stewart New (Republican), 47.77%
John W. Kern (Democratic), 46.14%
Joseph Zimmerman (Socialist), 3.06%
Elwood Haynes (Prohibition), 2.21%
John N. Dyer (Progressive), 0.61%
Ira Decker (Socialist Labor), 0.22%
Indiana
Special: Class 3
Thomas Taggart Democratic Appointee lost election to finish term[10]
Republican gain
James Eli Watson (Republican), 47.66%
Thomas Taggart (Democratic), 46.29%
Edward Henry (Socialist), 3.08%
William H. Hickman (Prohibition), 2.29%
John F. Clifford (Progressive), 0.68%
Maine Charles Fletcher Johnson Democratic Lost re-election[11]
Republican gain
Frederick Hale (Republican), 52.72%
Charles Fletcher Johnson (Democratic), 46.09%
James F. Carey (Socialist), 1%
Arthur C. Jackson (Prohibition), 0.19%
Maryland Blair Lee I Democratic Lost renomination[12][13]
Republican gain
Joseph I. France (Republican), 49.32%
David John Lewis (Democratic), 47.62%
James Frizzell (Prohibition), 1.44%
Sylvester Young (Socialist), 1.12%
Frank Lang (Labor), 0.5%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican Re-elected[14] Henry Cabot Lodge (Republican), 51.68%
John F. Fitzgerald (Democratic), 45.31%
William N. McDonald (Socialist), 3.01%
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican Re-elected[15] Charles E. Townsend (Republican), 56.34%
Lawrence Price (Democratic), 39.85%
E. O. Foss (Socialist), 2.41%
John Y. Johnston (Prohibition), 1.17%
Herman Richter (Socialist Labor), 0.14%
Minnesota Moses E. Clapp Republican Lost renomination[16][17]
Republican hold
Frank B. Kellogg (Republican), 48.58%
Daniel Lawler (Democratic), 30.84%
Willis Calderwood (Prohibition), 20.58%
Mississippi John Sharp Williams Democratic Re-elected[18] John Sharp Williams (Democratic), Unopposed
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic Re-elected[19] James A. Reed (Democratic), 50.56%
Walter S. Dickey (Republican), 47.44%
Kate Richards O'Hare (Socialist), 1.87%
Joseph Scheidler (Socialist Labor), 0.12%
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic Re-elected[20] Henry L. Myers (Democratic), 51.06%
Charles Nelson Pray (Republican), 43.40%
Henry La Beau (Socialist), 5.54%
Nebraska Gilbert Hitchcock Democratic Re-elected[21] Gilbert Hitchcock (Democratic), 49.98%
John L. Kennedy (Republican), 45.88%
E. E. Olmstead (Socialist), 2.59%
D. B. Gilbert (Prohibition), 1.55%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic Re-elected[22] Key Pittman (Democratic), 38.81%
Samuel Platt (Republican), 32.28%
Ashley G. Miller (Socialist), 28.91%
New Jersey James Edgar Martine Democratic Lost re-election[23]
Republican gain
Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen, Sr. (Republican), 55.99%
James Edgar Martine (Democratic), 38.9%
William C. Doughty (Socialist), 3.06%
Livingston Barbour (Prohibition), 1.64%
Rudolph Katz (Socialist Labor), 0.42%
New Mexico Thomas B. Catron Republican Retired[24]
Democratic gain
Andrieus A. Jones (Democratic), 51.01%
Frank Hubbell (Republican), 45.95%
W. P. Metcalf (Socialist), 3.04%
New York James Aloysius O'Gorman Democratic Retired
Republican gain
William M. Calder (Republican), 54.32%
William F. McCombs (Democratic), 39.22%
Joseph D. Cannon (Socialist), 3.96%
D. Leigh Colvin (Prohibition), 1.25%
Bainbridge Colby (Progressive), 0.99%
August Gillhaus (Socialist Labor), 0.26%
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican Re-elected[25] Porter J. McCumber (Republican), 53.85%
John Burke (Democratic), 38.24%
E. R. Fry (Socialist), 7.91%
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic Re-elected[26] Atlee Pomerene (Democratic), 49.26%
Myron T. Herrick (Republican), 46.15%
Charles Ruthenberg (Socialist), 3.29%
Aaron S. Watkins (Prohibition), 1.04%
Jacob S. Coxey, Sr. (Independent), 0.26%
Pennsylvania George T. Oliver Republican Retired[27]
Republican hold
Philander C. Knox (Republican), 56.31%
Ellis Orvis (Democratic), 37.25%
Charles Ervin (Socialist), 3.76%
Herbert T. Ames (Prohibition), 2.49%
Robert C. Macauley (Single Tax), 0.12%
Rhode Island Henry F. Lippitt Republican Lost re-election[28]
Democratic gain
Peter G. Gerry (Democratic), 52.94%
Henry F. Lippitt (Republican), 44.12%
Frederick Hurst (Socialist), 2.25%
Frank J. Sibley (Prohibition), 0.51%
Peter McDermott (Socialist Labor), 0.19%
Tennessee Luke Lea Democratic Lost renomination[29]
Democratic hold
Kenneth McKellar (Democratic), 54.42%
Ben W. Hooper (Republican), 44.75%
H. H. Mangum (Socialist), 0.83%
Texas Charles Allen Culberson Democratic Re-elected[30] (Democratic), 81.3%
Alex Atcheson (Republican), 13.09%
F. A. Hickey (Socialist), 4.99%
F. H. Combeau (Prohibition), 0.62%
Utah George Sutherland Republican Lost re-election[31]
Democratic gain
William H. King (Democratic), 56.92%
George Sutherland (Republican), 39.93%
Christian Poulson (Socialist), 3.16%
Vermont Carroll S. Page Republican Re-elected[32] Carroll S. Page (Republican), 74.41%
Oscar C. Miller (Democratic), 23.5%
Norman Greenslet (Socialist), 2.1%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic Re-elected[33] Claude A. Swanson (Democratic), Unopposed
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican Re-elected[34] Miles Poindexter (Republican), 55.39%
George Turner (Democratic), 37.06%
Bruce Rogers (Socialist), 5.95%
Joseph Campbell (Prohibition), 1.21%
Walter J. Thompson (Progressive), 0.4%
West Virginia William E. Chilton Democratic Lost re-election[35]
Republican gain
Howard Sutherland (Republican), 50.14%
William E. Chilton (Democratic), 48.17%
G. A. Gneiser (Socialist), 1.7%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Republican Re-elected[36] Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (Republican), 59.23%
William F. Wolfe (Democratic), 31.9%
Richard Elsner (Socialist), 6.85%
Charles L. Hill (Prohibition), 2.02%
Wyoming Clarence D. Clark Republican Lost re-election[37]
Democratic gain
John B. Kendrick (Democratic), 51.47%
Clarence D. Clark (Republican), 45.47%
Paul Paulsen (Socialist), 2.61%
Arthur B. Campbell (Prohibition), 0.45%

Senate Party Division, 65th Congress (1917–1919)

Majority Party: Democratic (54 seats)

Minority Party: Republican (42 seats)

Other Parties: 0

Total Seats: 96

Note: These numbers represent composition as result of 1916 Senatorial Elections. Actual composition often changes during term, due to deaths, resignations or party shifting.

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D D D R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
In the next Congress
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Key:
D =Democratic
R =Republican
Majority
divider

References

  1. ^ September 11, 1916 in Maine
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267712
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3289
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36570
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=24100
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267949
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267820
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36526
  9. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267950
  10. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267714
  11. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267955
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27432
  13. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=126894
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267998
  15. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267998
  16. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=85063
  17. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=564167
  18. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267957
  19. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=261567
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268277
  21. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267951
  22. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36481
  23. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268242
  24. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267952
  25. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=190076
  26. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=38711
  27. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43794
  28. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268259
  29. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43794
  30. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36609
  31. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27686
  32. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268282
  33. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267995
  34. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22761
  35. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267953
  36. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=46908
  37. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267954

Source: United States Senate Official Website

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