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United States Senate elections, 1804 and 1805

 

United States Senate elections, 1804 and 1805

United States Senate elections, 1804 and 1805

Dates vary by state

11 of the 34 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
18 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 22 seats (71.0%) 9 seats (39.0%)
Seats before 25 (73.5%) 9 (36.5%)
Seats won 27 (79.4%) 7 (20.6%)
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2
Seats up 7 4

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate election of 1804 was an election that expanded the Democratic-Republican Party's overwhelming control over the United States Senate. Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Contents

  • Results 1
  • Change in Senate composition 2
    • Before the elections 2.1
    • Beginning of the 9th Congress 2.2
  • Complete list of races in 1804 and 1805 3
    • Special elections during the 8th Congress 3.1
    • Races leading to the 9th Congress 3.2
    • Special elections during the 9th Congress 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Results

Senate Party Division, 9th Congress (1805–1807):

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (27)
  • Minority Party: Federalist (7)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 34

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
F8 F9 DR25 DR24 DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the 9th Congress

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
DR27+ DR26+ DR25O DR24O DR23O DR22O DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races in 1804 and 1805

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 8th Congress

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1804 or before March 4, 1805; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1800 (Special)
1801
(Resigned 1802)
1803 (Appointed)
Appointee was elected to the Class 1 seat.
Winner elected February 23, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Smith (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
New York
(Class 1)
Theodorus Bailey Democratic-Republican 1803 Resigned January 16, 1804 to become Postmaster of New York City.
Winner elected February 25, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1809.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Armstrong, Jr. (Democratic-Republican)
Jacob Radcliff (Federalist)
Egbert Benson (Federalist)
Rhode Island
(Class 1)
Samuel J. Potter Democratic-Republican 1803 Died October 14, 1804.
Winner elected October 29, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1809.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Howland (Democratic-Republican)
Delaware
(Class 2)
William H. Wells Federalist 1799 (Special)
1799
Resigned November 6, 1804.
Winner elected November 13, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1805.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Federalist hold.
James A. Bayard (Federalist)
New York
(Class 1)
John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1804 Resigned to become U.S. Minister to France
Winner elected November 23, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1809.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Latham Mitchill (Democratic-Republican)
Rufus King (Federalist)
David Thomas (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia
(Class 1)
Andrew Moore Democratic-Republican 1804 (Appointed) Appointee resigned December 3, 1804 to become U.S. Senator from Class 1 seat.
Winner elected December 4, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1809.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William B. Giles (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia
(Class 2)
William B. Giles Democratic-Republican 1804 (Appointed) Appointee resigned December 3, 1804 to become U.S. Senator from Class 2 seat.
Winner elected December 4, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1805.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Andrew Moore (Democratic-Republican)
South Carolina
(Class 3)
Pierce Butler Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Resigned November 21, 1804.
Winner elected December 6, 1804 to finish the term ending March 4, 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Gaillard (Democratic-Republican)

Races leading to the 9th Congress

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1805; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.
State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware James A. Bayard Federalist November 1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William H. Wells (Federalist)
Georgia Abraham Baldwin Democratic-
Republican
1799 Incumbent re-elected. Abraham Baldwin (Democratic-Republican)
Kentucky John Brown Democratic-
Republican
1792 (New seat)
1792
1799

Democratic-Republican hold
Buckner Thruston (Democratic-Republican)
Massachusetts Timothy Pickering Federalist 1803 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Timothy Pickering (Federalist)
New Hampshire Simeon Olcott Federalist 1801 (Special)
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nicholas Gilman (Federalist)
New Jersey Jonathan Dayton Federalist 1799
Democratic-Republican gain.
Aaron Kitchell (Federalist)
North Carolina Jesse Franklin Democratic-
Republican
1798 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Turner (Democratic-Republican)
Rhode Island Christopher Ellery Democratic-
Republican
1801 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Fenner (Democratic-Republican)
South Carolina Thomas Sumter Democratic-
Republican
1801 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Sumter (Democratic-Republican)
Tennessee William Cocke Democratic-
Republican
1799 (Special)
Democratic-Republican hold
Daniel Smith (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia William B. Giles Democratic-
Republican
August 1804 (Appointed: Class 1)
December 1804 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. William B. Giles (Democratic-Republican)

Special elections during the 9th Congress

In this special election, the winner was seated in 1805 after March 4.
State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Kentucky
(Class 3)
John Breckinridge Democratic-Republican 1801 Resigned August 7, 1805 to become U.S. Attorney General
Winner elected November 8, 1805 to finish the term ending March 4, 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Adair (Democratic-Republican)

See also

References

  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via Senate.gov
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