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United States Senate elections, 1826

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United States Senate elections, 1826

The United States Senate election of 1826 was an election which had the majority Jacksonian coalition gain a seat in the United States Senate.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results

20th Congress (1827–1829)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (27)
  • Minority Party: Adams (21)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate composition

Senate composition before the elections

AJ AJ AJ AJ
AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J J AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J ← Majority
J J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J

Senate composition as a result of the elections

A A A A
A A A A A A A A A A
JO J+ J+ V+ A+ AO A A A A
JO ← Majority
JO J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J
Key:
A = Adams
AJ = Anti-Jacksonian
J = Jacksonian
V = Vacant
= Incumbent re-elected
O = Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ = Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Complete list of races

All seats listed are Class 1 unless otherwise indicated.

Early elections

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
January 24, 1826 Maryland
Special
(Class 3)
Edward Lloyd Jacksonian Resigned January 14, 1826
Winner was elected to finish the term ending March 3, 1831
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)
New York
Special
(Class 3)
Vacant Winner elected January 14, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1827, left vacant after an 1824 legislative deadlock
Adams gain
Nathan Sanford (Adams)
January 28, 1826 Mississippi
Special
Powhatan Ellis Jacksonian Appointee lost election to finish term
Winner elected to finish term ending March 3, 1827
Jacksonian hold
Thomas Reed (Jacksonian)
May 31, 1826 Massachusetts
Special
(Class 2)
James Lloyd Anti-Jacksonian Resigned May 23, 1826
Winner was elected to finish the term ending March 3, 1831
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)

Scheduled elections

State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
Connecticut Henry W. Edwards Jacksonian
Adams gain
Samuel A. Foote (Adams)
Delaware Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian
Jacksonian gain
Louis McLane (Jacksonian)
Indiana James Noble Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Party James Noble (Adams)
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian
Jacksonian gain
Albion K. Parris (Jacksonian)
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian Re-elected Samuel Smith (Jacksonian)
Massachusetts Elijah H. Mills Anti-Jacksonian Lost re-election
Vacant, because winner was not elected until June 8, 1827
Mississippi Thomas Reed Jacksonian Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Powhatan Ellis (Jacksonian)
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian Re-elected Thomas H. Benton (Jacksonian)
New Jersey
Special
Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian Died August 19, 1826
Winner elected to finish term
Adams hold
Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
New Jersey
General
Winner elected to next term ("Re-elected") Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
New York Martin Van Buren Jacksonian Re-elected Martin Van Buren (Jacksonian)
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Benjamin Ruggles (Adams), unopposed[1]
Pennsylvania William Findlay Jacksonian
Jacksonian hold
Isaac D. Barnard (Jacksonian)
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Asher Robbins (Adams)
Tennessee John H. Eaton Jacksonian Re-elected John H. Eaton (Jacksonian)
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Horatio Seymour (Adams)
Virginia John Randolph Jacksonian Appointee lost election to next term
Jacksonian hold
John Tyler (Jacksonian)

Late elections

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
November 27, 1826 Alabama
Special
(Class 3)
Israel Pickens Jacksonian Appointee,
Winner elected to finish term ending March 3, 1831
Jacksonian hold
John McKinley (Jacksonian)
November 29, 1826 South Carolina
Special
(Class 3)
William Harper Jacksonian Appointee,
Winner elected to finish term ending March 3, 1831
Jacksonian hold
William Smith (Jacksonian)

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/ContainerHistory.html?ContainerID=263
  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via Senate.gov
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