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United States Senate elections, 1878

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Title: United States Senate elections, 1878  
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Subject: Elections in the United States, List of United States Senators from California, United States Senate elections, 1834, United States Senate elections, 1836, United States Senate elections, 1894
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United States Senate elections, 1878

United States Senate elections, 1878

November 1878

? seats in the United States Senate
  Majority party Minority party
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 35 seats 40 seats
Seats won 42 33
Seat change Increase 7 Decrease 7

Majority Party before election

Republican Party

Elected Majority Party

Democratic Party

The United States Senate election of 1878 was an election which had the Democratic Party retake control of the United States Senate for the first time since before the Civil War.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.


46th Congress (1879–1881)

  • Majority Party: Democratic (42)
  • Minority Party: Republican (33)
  • Other Parties: Independent (1)
  • Total Seats: 76

Change in Senate composition

Senate composition in
the 45th Congress
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   I   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   
Senate composition in
the 46th Congress
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   I   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   
Key:    D  =Democratic    R  =Republican    I  =Independent

See also


  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via

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