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United States Senate elections, 2000


United States Senate elections, 2000

United States Senate elections, 2000

November 7, 2000

Class 1 (33 of the 100) seats in the United States Senate
and one mid-term vacancy from Class 3

51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
Leader Tom Daschle Trent Lott
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat South Dakota Mississippi
Last election 45 seats 55 seats
Seats before 46 54
Seats won 50
Control, until January 20, 2001, through the tie-breaking vote of Vice President Al Gore
Control, starting January 20, 2001, through the tie-breaking vote of Vice President Dick Cheney
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 4
Popular vote 36,780,875 36,725,431
Percentage 47.04% 46.96%
Swing Decrease 2.5% Increase 0.2%

  Democratic gain
  Democratic hold
  Republican hold
  Republican gain

Majority Leader before election

Trent Lott

Elected Majority Leader

Tom Daschle

The 2000 United States Senate election was held on November 7, 2000. The elections coincided with other federal and state elections, including the United States presidential election of 2000. It featured a number of fiercely contested elections that resulted in a victory for the Democratic Party, which gained a net total of four seats from the Republican Party.

This election took place six years after Republicans had won a net gain of eight seats in Senate Class 1 during the elections of 1994. Democrats defeated Republican senators Bill Roth (DE), Spencer Abraham (MI), Rod Grams (MN), John Ashcroft (MO), and Slade Gorton (WA), as well as winning the open seat in Florida. Ashcroft's defeat was noteworthy in that his opponent, Mel Carnahan, had died before the election, but still won. The Republicans did defeat one incumbent, Chuck Robb (VA), and won an open seat in Nevada.

The election resulted in an equal 50-50 split between Republicans and Democrats, meaning the Vice President would cast the tie-breaking votes in organizing the Senate. This resulted in the Democrats winning control of the Senate for only 17 days, since Al Gore was still Vice President and President of the Senate at the beginning of the new term, on January 3, 2001. But the Republicans won control of the chamber with the tie-breaking vote of the new Vice President Dick Cheney on January 20. The Republican majority would last until June 6, 2001 when Republican Senator Jim Jeffords of Vermont left the Republican Party, became an independent, and chose to caucus with the Democrats.

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 R54 R53 R52 R51
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Beginning of the next Congress

January 3, 2001: Beginning of Congress

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 O D43 O D44 O D45 + D46 + D47 + D48 + D49 + D50 +
Majority (with Vice President Gore's vote)→ VP
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

January 20, 2001: Inauguration of Vice President Cheney

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority (with Vice President Cheney's vote)→ VP
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
D# Democratic
R# Republican
I# Independent
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Complete list of races


The heavily financed and popular Senator Dianne Feinstein (D) easily won re - election to her second full term defeating the underfunded and underdog candidate Representative Tom Campbell (R) by over 19 points. Campbell even lost his own congressional by almost 15 points.


Five-term incumbent William V. Roth, Jr. (R) was defeated by outgoing Governor Thomas R. Carper (D). The age of the two candidates was an unspoken issue of the campaign as Carper's relative youth contrasted that of the 80-year-old Roth.


Incumbent Connie Mack III (R) retired after two terms. Former Congressman Bill Nelson (D) would defeat Rep. Bill McCollum (R) in a close race that was nevertheless overshadowed by the contentious presidential race in Florida.


Incumbent Spencer Abraham (R) was unseated after one term by Rep. Debbie Stabenow (D). The contentious election was highlighted by a series of third party ads attacking Abraham's record on border security.


Incumbent Rod Grams (R) lost his re-election bid to former State Auditor Mark Dayton (D). An heir to a department store chain, Dayton was able to self-finance his $12 million campaign.


In one of the more unusual races of the cycle, deceased Governor Mel Carnahan (D) defeated incumbent John Ashcroft (R). Carnahan died in a plane crash three weeks before the election. His widow Jean received an interim appointment in her late husband's place.


Two-term incumbent Conrad Burns (R) faced a surprisingly tough challenge from his Democratic opponent, rancher and future governor Brian Schweitzer. Burns narrowly won re-election.


Former Governor Ben Nelson (D) narrowly defeated Attorney General Don Stenberg (R) for the seat of retiring incumbent Bob Kerrey (D). Nelson had lost his previous bid for the Senate in 1996 against incumbent Chuck Hagel (R).


Former Congressman John Ensign (R) defeated Democratic attorney and talk show host Edward M. Bernstein for the seat of incumbent Richard Bryan (D). Ensign had come within 428 votes of unseating incumbent Harry Reid (D) in a Senate race two years earlier.

New York

The retirement of incumbent Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D) appeared to set up a showdown between First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton and New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani. Giuliani, however, was forced to drop out of the race due to his being diagnosed with prostate cancer and a messy divorce from actress Donna Hanover. Clinton instead faced littleown Congressman Rick Lazio (R), who could not match Clinton's fund raising abilities and name recognition. Clinton's election marked the first time a First Lady won elective office in American history.


Incumbent Oliver North in the Republican landslide year of 1994, but could not defeat the popular Allen despite the year's Democratic trend.


Incumbent Slade Gorton (R) was unseated for a second time by former Congresswoman Maria Cantwell (D). Cantwell's campaign slogan of "Your voice for a change" referred to Gorton's "Time for a change" slogan he used when running against Warren G. Magnuson in 1980.

Results summary

Summary of the 2000 United States Senate election results
Parties Breakdown Total Seats Popular Vote Total Candidates
Up Elected Not Up 1998 2000 +/- Vote % General1
  Democratic Party 15 19 31 46 50 +4 36,780,875 47.039% 33
  Republican Party 19 15 35 54 50 -4 36,725,431 46.968% 34
  Libertarian Party - - - - - - 1,036,684 1.326% 22
  Green Party - - - - - - 652,329 0.834% 8
  Independent - - - - - - 365,614 0.468% 24
Constitution Party - - - - - - 286,816 0.367% 8
Reform Party - - - - - - 190,509 0.244% 8
Independence Party - - - - - - 183,764 0.235% 2
Socialist Workers Party - - - - - - 15,996 0.020% 2
Other parties - - - - - - 1,461,975 1.870% 12
Write-in - - - - - - 324,295 0.415% -
Total 34 34 66 100 100 - 78,191,797 100.0% 153
Source: Elections Statistics, Office of the Clerk

1 Totals do not include participating voters who declined to cast a vote for U.S. Senate. Candidates in the Georgia Special Election to fill the seat of deceased Senator Paul Coverdell were required to be non-partisan. However, Zell Miller and Mack Mattingly were added to the Democratic and Republican columns respectively and all the other candidates were added to the Independent column.

Complete list of contests

State Incumbent Party Results Candidates
Arizona Jon Kyl Republican Re-elected Jon Kyl (Republican) 79.3%
William Toel (Independent) 7.8%
Vance Hansen (Green) 7.8%
Barry Hess (Libertarian) 5.1%
California Dianne Feinstein Democratic Re-elected Dianne Feinstein (Democratic) 55.8%
Tom Campbell (Republican) 36.6%
Medea Benjamin (Green) 3.1%
Gail Lightfoot (Libertarian) 1.8%
Diane Beall Templin (American Independent) 1.3%
Jose Camahort (Reform) 0.9%
Brian M. Rees (Natural Law) 0.6%
Connecticut Joe Lieberman Democratic Re-elected Joe Lieberman (Democratic) 63.2%
Philip Giordano (Republican) 34.1%
William Kozak (Concerned Citizens) 2%
Wildey J. Moore (Libertarian) 0.7%
Delaware William V. Roth, Jr. Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Thomas R. Carper (Democratic) 55.5%
William V. Roth, Jr. (Republican) 43.7%
Mark Dankof (Constitution) 0.3%
J. Burke Morrison (Libertarian) 0.3%
Robert Mattson (Natural Law) 0.2%
Florida Connie Mack Republican Retired
Democratic gain
Bill Nelson (Democratic) 51%
Bill McCollum (Republican) 46.2%
Willie Logan (Independent) 1.4%
Joe Simonetta (Natural Law) 0.4%
Darrell L. McCormick (Independent) 0.4%
Joel Deckard (Reform) 0.3%
Andy Martin (Independent) 0.3%
Nikki Oldaker (Independent) 0.1%
Class 3: Special
Zell Miller
Democratic Elected to finish term Zell Miller (Democratic) 58%
Mack Mattingly (Republican) 38%
Hawaii Daniel Akaka Democratic Re-elected Daniel Akaka (Democratic) 72.7%
John S. Carroll (Republican) 24.5%
Lauri Clegg (Natural Law) 1.2%
Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan (Libertarian) 0.9%
David Porter (Constitution) 0.7%
Indiana Richard Lugar Republican Re-elected Richard Lugar (Republican) 66.5%
David Johnson (Democratic) 31.9%
Paul Hager (Libertarian) 1.6%
Maine Olympia Snowe Republican Re-elected Olympia Snowe (Republican) 68.9%
Mark Lawrence (Democratic) 31.1%
Maryland Paul Sarbanes Democratic Re-elected Paul Sarbanes (Democratic) 63.2%
Paul Rappaport (Republican) 36.7%
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy Democratic Re-elected Ted Kennedy (Democratic) 72.9%
Jack E. Robinson III (Republican) 12.9%
Carla Howell (Libertarian) 11.9%
Philip F. Lawler (Constitution) 1.62%
Dale Friedgen (Independent) 0.5%
Michigan Spencer Abraham Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Debbie Stabenow (Democratic) 49.4%
Spencer Abraham (Republican) 47.9%
Matthew Abel (Green) 0.9%
Michael Corliss (Libertarian) 0.7%
Mark Forton (Reform) 0.6%
John Mangopoulos (U.S. Taxpayers) 0.3%
William Quarton (Natural Law) 0.1%
Minnesota Rod Grams Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Mark Dayton (Democratic) 48.8%
Rod Grams (Republican) 43.3%
James Gibson (Independence) 5.8%
David Daniels (Grassroots) 0.9%
Rebecca Ellis (Socialist Workers) 0.5%
David Swan (Constitution) 0.4%
Erik D. Pakieser (Libertarian) 0.3%
Mississippi Trent Lott Republican Re-elected Trent Lott (Republican) 65.9%
Troy Brown (Democratic) 31.6%
Jim Giles (Independent) 0.9%
Lewis Napper (Libertarian) 0.9%
Shawn O'Hara (Reform) 0.7%
Missouri John Ashcroft Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Mel Carnahan (Democratic) 50.4%
John Ashcroft (Republican) 48.4%
Evaline Taylor (Green) 0.5%
Grant Samuel Stauffer (Libertarian) 0.4%
Hugh Foley (Reform) 0.2%
Charles Dockins (Natural Law) 0.1%
Montana Conrad Burns Republican Re-elected Conrad Burns (Republican) 50.6%
Brian Schweitzer (Democratic) 47.2%
Gary Lee (Reform) 2.2%
Nebraska Bob Kerrey Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Ben Nelson (Democratic) 51%
Don Stenberg (Republican) 48.8%
Nevada Richard Bryan Democratic Retired
Republican gain
John Ensign (Republican) 55.1%
Edward M. Bernstein (Democratic) 39.7%
None of These Candidates 1.9%
Kathy Rusco (Green) 1.7%
J.J. Johnson (Libertarian) 0.9%
Ernie Berghof (Independent American) 0.4%
Bill Grutzmacher (Citizens First) 0.3%
New Jersey Frank Lautenberg Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Jon Corzine (Democratic) 50.1%
Bob Franks (Republican) 47.1%
Bruce Afran (Green) 1.1%
Pat DiNizio (Reform) 0.6%
Emerson Ellett (Libertarian) 0.2%
Dennis A. Breen (Independent) 0.2%
J.M. Carter (Trust in God) 0.2%
Lorraine LaNeve (NJ Conservative) 0.1%
Gregory Pason (Socialist) 0.1%
Nancy Rosenstock (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
George Gostigian (God Bless Jersey) 0.1%
New Mexico Jeff Bingaman Democratic Re-elected Jeff Bingaman (Democratic) 61.7%
William T. Redmond (Republican) 38.3%
New York Daniel Patrick Moynihan Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic) 55%
Rick Lazio (Republican) 43%
Jeffrey E. Graham (Independence) 0.6%
Mark J. Dunau (Green) 0.6%
John O. Adefope (Right To Life) 0.3%
John Clifton (Libertarian) 0.1%
Louis Wein (Constitution) 0.1%
Jacob Perasso (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
North Dakota Kent Conrad Democratic Re-elected Kent Conrad (Democratic) 61.4%
Duane Sand (Republican) 38.6%
Ohio Mike DeWine Republican Re-elected Mike DeWine (Republican) 59.9%
Ted Celeste (Democratic) 35.9%
John McAlister (Libertarian) 2.6%
John Eastman (Natural Law) 1.6%
Pennsylvania Rick Santorum Republican Re-elected Rick Santorum (Republican) 52.4%
Ron Klink (Democratic) 45.5%
John Featherman (Libertarian) 1%
Lester Searer (Constitution) 0.6%
Robert Domske (Reform) 0.5%
Rhode Island Lincoln Chafee
Republican Elected to full term Lincoln Chafee (Republican) 56.8%
Robert Weygand (Democratic) 41.1%
Christopher Young (Reform) 1%
Kenneth Proulx (Independent) 0.9%
Tennessee Bill Frist Republican Re-elected Bill Frist (Republican) 65.1%
Jeff Clark (Democratic) 32.2%
Tom Burrell (Green) 1.3%
Charles F. Johnson (Independent) 0.5%
Robert Watson (Independent) 0.4%
David Jarrod Ownby (Independent) 0.2%
Joel Kinstle (Independent) 0.2%
Texas Kay Bailey Hutchison Republican Re-elected Kay Bailey Hutchison (Republican) 65%
Gene Kelly (Democratic) 32.3%
Doug Sandage (Green) 1.5%
Mary Ruwart (Libertarian) 1.1%
Utah Orrin Hatch Republican Re-elected Orrin Hatch (Republican) 65.6%
Scott Howell (Democratic) 31.5%
Carlton Edward Bowen (Independent American) 1.6%
Jim Dexter (Libertarian) 1.4%
Vermont Jim Jeffords Republican Re-elected Jim Jeffords (Republican) 65.6%
Ed Flanagan (Democratic) 25.4%
Charles W. Russell (Constitution) 3.5%
Rick Hubbard (Independent) 1.9%
Billy Greer (Vermont Grassroots) 1.7%
Hugh Douglas (Libertarian) 1.3%
Jerry Levy (Liberty Union) 0.5%
Virginia Chuck Robb Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
George Allen (Republican) 52.3%
Chuck Robb (Democratic) 47.7%
Washington Slade Gorton Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Maria Cantwell (Democratic) 48.7%
Slade Gorton (Republican) 48.6%
Jeff Jared (Libertarian) 2.6%
West Virginia Robert Byrd Democratic Re-elected Robert Byrd (Democratic) 77.7%
David T. Gallaher (Republican) 20.2%
Joe Whelan (Libertarian) 2.1%
Wisconsin Herb Kohl Democratic Re-elected Herb Kohl (Democratic) 61.5%
John Gillespie (Republican) 37%
Tim Peterson (Libertarian) 0.8%
Eugene A. Hem (Independent) 0.4%
Robert R. Raymond (Constitution) 0.2%
Wyoming Craig L. Thomas Republican Re-elected Craig L. Thomas (Republican) 73.7%
Mel Logan (Democratic) 22%
Margaret Dawson (Libertarian) 4.2%

External links

See also

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