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United States of Indonesia

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United States of Indonesia

Republic of the United States of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia Serikat
Autonomous republic of the Netherlands

 

1949–1950
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Indonesia Raya
Capital Djakarta
Languages Indonesian
Government Federal parliamentary republic
President Sukarno
Assaat Datuk Mudo (provisional)
Prime Minister Mohammad Hatta
Historical era Cold War
 -  Established 27 December 1949
 -  Independence from the Netherlands 17 August 1950
Currency Rupiah (IDR)

The Republic of the United States of Indonesia[1] (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Serikat, RIS), abbreviated as RUSI,[1] was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference. This transfer ended the four-year conflict between Indonesian nationalists and the Netherlands that was fought over for control of Indonesia. At the same time, the Federal Constitution of 1949 came into effect.

The RUSI comprised sixteen state entities: a "Republic of Indonesia" consisting of territories in Java and Sumatra (a combined population of over 31 million); and the fifteen states established by the Dutch, which had populations between 100,000 and 11 million.

The RUSI had a bicameral legislature. The People's Representative Council consisted of 50 representatives from the Republic of Indonesia and 100 from the various states according to their populations. The Senate had two members from each constituent part of the RUSI regardless of population.

Over the first half of 1950, the non-Republic states gradually dissolved themselves into the Republic. The United States of Indonesia was officially dissolved by President Sukarno on 17 August 1950 – the fifth anniversary of his proclamation of independence – and replaced by a unitary Republic of Indonesia.

Component states

The United States of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia is shown in red.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Frederick, William H.; Worden, Robert L ., eds. (1993), Indonesia: A Country Study, Washington: Library of Congress. 

References

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