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United States presidential election in Iowa, 1988


United States presidential election in Iowa, 1988

United States presidential election in Iowa, 1988

November 8, 1988

Nominee Michael Dukakis George H.W. Bush
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Massachusetts Texas
Running mate Lloyd Bentsen Dan Quayle
Electoral vote 8 0
Popular vote 670,557 545,355
Percentage 54.71% 44.50%

County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan

Elected President

George H. W. Bush

The 1988 United States presidential election in Iowa took place on November 8, 1988, as part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Voters chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

District of Columbia) to vote for Dukakis, while Bush won a convincing electoral victory nationwide.

The farm crisis of the 1980s under the incumbent Republican administration made the Midwest one of the ripest targets for the Dukakis campaign in 1988, and this bore fruit on election day, with Democrats performing relatively strongly in many farm states. Nowhere was this more evident than in Iowa, which was the second most Democratic state in the nation in 1988 in terms of both vote percentage and victory margin; it was one of just two states (along with Rhode Island) to vote Democratic by a double digit margin. This Democratic support was spread widely across the state, with Dukakis winning 75 of the state's 99 counties. Iowa was also the only state in the nation which Dukakis won by a larger margin than fellow Democrat Bill Clinton would win it by four years later in 1992; Dukakis won 13 counties in Iowa in 1988 which would vote for Bush in 1992.

While Dukakis personally overperformed in Iowa due to the farm crisis, 1988 was also the beginning of a long-term re-alignment of the state toward the Democratic Party, as the historically-Republican state has been a Democratic-leaning state ever since; prior to this election, Iowa had voted Republican in the five preceding elections. Beginning in 1988, Iowa has voted Democratic in six of the seven elections that have since occurred.


United States presidential election in Iowa, 1988[1]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Michael Dukakis 670,557 54.71% 8
Republican George H.W. Bush 545,355 44.50% 0
Independent Lyndon LaRouche 3,526 0.29% 0
Libertarian Ron Paul 2,494 0.20% 0
N/A Write-ins 1,613 0.13% 0
America First David Duke 755 0.06% 0
New Alliance Lenora Fulani 540 0.04% 0
Socialist Willa Kenoyer 334 0.03% 0
Socialist Equality Edward Winn 235 0.02% 0
Socialist Workers James Warren 205 0.02% 0
Totals 1,225,614 100.0% 8
Voter Turnout (Voting age/Registered) 59%/73%


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