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United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2008

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Title: United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2008  
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Subject: United States presidential election, 2008, Bob Barr presidential campaign, 2008, Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008, United States presidential election in South Carolina, 2008, Michael Jingozian
Collection: United States Presidential Candidates, 2008
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United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2008

United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2008

This article contains lists of official third party or independent candidates associated with the 2008 United States presidential election.

Third party is a term commonly used in the United States to refer to political parties other than the two major parties, the Democratic Party and Republican Party. The term is used as innumerate shorthand for all such parties, or sometimes only the largest of them.

An independent candidate is one who runs for office with no formal party affiliation.

Candidates who received, or ran for, the presidential nomination of a political party other than that of the two major parties in the 2008 presidential election, as well those who ran as independents, are listed below.


  • Candidates who qualified for minimum 270 electoral votes 1
    • Constitution Party 1.1
      • Ticket 1.1.1
      • Candidates 1.1.2
    • Green Party 1.2
      • Ticket 1.2.1
      • Candidates 1.2.2
    • Libertarian Party 1.3
      • Ticket 1.3.1
      • Candidates 1.3.2
    • Independent 1.4
  • Other candidates 2
    • Boston Tea Party 2.1
    • New American Independent Party 2.2
    • Objectivist Party 2.3
    • Party for Socialism and Liberation 2.4
    • Prohibition Party 2.5
    • Reform Party 2.6
    • Socialist Party USA 2.7
    • Socialist Workers Party 2.8
    • Independents 2.9
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Candidates who qualified for minimum 270 electoral votes

The following nominees appeared on enough state ballots to theoretically obtain the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election.

Constitution Party


Presidential nominee Chuck Baldwin Running mate

Darrell Castle

Pastor, conservative political activist, and Constitution Party 2004 Vice Presidential nominee. Nominated by the Constitution Party at its 2008 National Convention on April 26, 2008 with 383.8 delegates.[1] On Election Day, Baldwin received 199,314 votes, about 0.15% of the total popular vote.[2] National Vice-Chair of the Constitution Party. Attorney, political activist and former Marine Corps Lieutenant from Tennessee.


Candidate[1] Image Background Delegates[1]
Alan Keyes Political activist, former U.S. diplomat. Three-time candidate for the Republican presidential nomination (1996, 2000, 2008), and three-time candidate for the U.S. Senate (1988, 1992, and 2004). 125.7
Max "The Swashbuckler" Riekse Former U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel.[3] 4.5
Susan Gail Ducey Stay at home mom and registered nurse from Kansas. Started out 2008 presidential campaign running as a Republican then switched to independent prior to seeking the Constitution Party nomination. She was also a 1996 Republican presidential candidate and made a brief run for the United States Congress in 2000 as a Republican in Oklahoma.[4][5] 1
Daniel Imperato Businessman from Florida and Libertarian Party presidential candidate. 1

Green Party


Presidential nominee Cynthia McKinney Running mate

Rosa Clemente

Former Green Party nomination on July 12, 2008 at its 2008 National Convention in Chicago, IL with 324 delegates.[6] McKinney also received the endorsement of the Workers World Party in July.[7] McKinney received 161,603 votes for 0.12% of the vote.[2] Commentator, political activist, community organizer and independent reporter from New York.


Candidate Image Background Delegates[6]
Kat Swift State Party Co-Chair, progressive activist and newspaper credit manager from Texas. 38.5
Kent Mesplay Biomedical engineer who sought Green presidential nomination in 2004 from California. 35
Jesse Johnson Filmmaker, and 2006 Senate candidate and 2004 gubernatorial candidate for the Mountain Party from West Virginia. 32.5
Elaine Brown 9
Jared Ball College professor, journalist from Maryland.[8] 8
Howie Hawkins 8

Libertarian Party


Presidential nominee Bob Barr Running mate

Wayne Allyn Root

Former Congressman and Libertarian Party on May 25, 2008 at its 2008 National Convention, in Denver, Colorado with 324 votes on the sixth ballot. Barr received 523,686 votes, 0.4% of the national vote.[2] Sports handicapper, businessman, author, and TV show host from Nevada.


Candidate[9] Image Background Delegates (1st Ballot)
Mary Ruwart Author of Healing Our World, research scientist, activist, candidate for the Libertarian 1984 presidential nomination and 1992 vice-presidential nomination. 152
Wayne Allyn Root Sports handicapper, businessman, author, and TV show host from Nevada. 123
Mike Gravel
Former U.S. Senator from Alaska. Previously a candidate for the Democratic Party's 2008 presidential nomination. 71
George Phillies Professor of Physics at Worcester Polytechnic Institute,[10] 2002 candidate for chair of the Libertarian National Committee, and 1998 Congressional candidate from Massachusetts. 49
Steve Kubby
Businessman, marijuana legalization activist, and 1998 Gubernatorial candidate from California. 41
Mike Jingozian Software company founder from Oregon.[11][12] 23
Christine Smith Humanitarian activist, and writer from Colorado.[13][14] 6
Daniel Imperato
Businessman from Florida. 1
Robert Milnes Activist from Camden, New Jersey.[15] 0


For independent candidates that did not achieve ballot access in enough states to win 270 electoral votes, see Independents section.
Presidential candidate Ralph Nader Running mate

Matt Gonzalez

Consumer advocate, Write-in candidate in 1992, Green Party presidential nominee in 1996 and 2000, and 2004 independent candidate. Announced candidacy February 24, 2008 on Meet the Press. Nader received 738,475 votes,[2] the third highest total in the popular vote count.

Prominent lawyer and activist in San Francisco, California politics. In 2003 while a city supervisor was elected by peers on the Board of Supervisors to the presidency of the board representing a city of nearly a million people. He was a close second in a mayoral bid that won him 47% of the vote despite being outspent 6.5 to 1.[16]

Other candidates

The nominees of the following parties appeared on fewer state ballots than needed to qualify for the minimum 270 electoral votes required to win the electoral college. These candidates could only theoretically have been elected in the unlikely event of a successful write-in campaign, or in the event that no candidate received at least 270 electoral votes. In the latter scenario, the election of the President would be determined by the House of Representatives.

Boston Tea Party

Presidential nominee
Charles Jay Jay was selected as the nominee of the Boston Tea Party at its online Convention held June 15–16, 2008. He was the 2004 Presidential nominee of the Personal Choice Party, which also endorsed him in 2008. Jay received 2,422 votes.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Thomas L. Knapp Blogger, political activist, of Missouri. He also ran for Congress as a Libertarian.

New American Independent Party

Presidential nominee
Frank McEnulty President & Chief Financial Officer of Our Castle Homes from California. McEnulty won the New American Independent Party nomination in March 2008. He simultaneously ran as the vice-presidential nominee of the Reform Party in states where the NAIP was unable to obtain ballot status.[17] McEnulty received 828 votes in Colorado, the only state he was on the ballot.[2]

Objectivist Party

Presidential nominee
Tom Stevens Objectivist, educator, attorney, political activist, founder and chairman of the Objectivist Party from New York. He received 755 votes.
Vice Presidential nominee
Alden Link Objectivist, entrepreneur, real estate developer and aviator. He holds residency in both New Jersey and New York.

Party for Socialism and Liberation

Presidential nominee

Gloria La Riva
Socialist, long-time anti-war and immigrant rights activist, of California. The Party for Socialism and Liberation announced the La Riva "People Over Profits" campaign on January 17, 2008. La Riva received the nomination of the Peace & Freedom Party in gubernatorial races in 1994 and 1998. She received 6,808 votes.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Eugene Puryear Anti-war activist, Washington, D.C.

Prohibition Party

Presidential nominee

Gene Amondson
Temperance lecturer, minister, artist, and 2004 Presidential Nominee. Nominated at the Prohibition Party National Convention held in Indianapolis, Indiana, September 14, 2007. Amondson received 653 votes.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Leroy Pletten Temperance movement activist from Michigan.

Reform Party

Presidential nominee

Ted Weill
Businessman, of Mississippi. Weill received the nomination of the Reform Party at its National Convention in Dallas, Texas on July 20, 2008.[17] Weill received 481 votes.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Frank McEnulty Businessman, of California. McEnulty also ran as the presidential nominee of the New American Independent Party in the states where the Reform Party was unable to obtain ballot access.[17]

Daniel Imperato
Businessman from Florida who eventually joined the Libertarian Party.

Socialist Party USA

Presidential nominee
Brian Moore Antiwar activist, independent (Green Party endorsed) candidate for U.S. Senate in Florida in 2006. Moore received the Socialist Party USA's presidential nomination at its National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri on October 20, 2007. Moore received 6,528 votes nationally.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Stewart Alexander Political activist and former Los Angeles mayoral candidate of California
Eric Chester Author and former economics professor. 1996 Socialist Party USA vice-presidential candidate, three-time candidate for SPUSA presidential nomination (2000, 2004, 2008).

Socialist Workers Party

Presidential nominee
Róger Calero Socialist Workers Party candidate for President of the United States in 2004 and 2008, and for the United States Senate in New York in 2006. Calero received 5,127 votes. Because Calero was not a natural-born citizen of the United States and was ineligible for the presidency, James Harris stood in for Calero as the SWP's nominee in several states, receiving an additional 2,424 votes, giving the party a total of 7,551 votes for president.[2]
Vice Presidential nominee
Alyson Kennedy Laborer and political activist from New Jersey.


Independents do not run for a party and as such can be diverse from each other in numerous ways. They had no need to run in a primary, as they were candidates for the 2008 election already.


Alan Keyes

Former Ambassador in the Ronald Reagan administration. Unsuccessfully sought the nominations of the Republican Party and the Constitution Party before beginning a campaign as an independent. In some of the states he appeared on the ballot for, he was listed as the candidate for America's Independent Party, a party formed by his supporters. Keyes received 47,694 votes.[2] Brian Rohrbough of Colorado was Keyes' running mate.

Joe Schriner Journalist and author from Ohio. Independent presidential candidate in 2000 and 2004.[18]

Dale Way of Michigan was Schriner's running mate.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Chuck Baldwin is Constitution Party Nominee for President". Ballot Access News. Richard Winger. April 26, 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2008 official presidential general election results".  
  3. ^ Gunn, Steve 'Mad Max' not the life of the Constitution Party, April 28, 2008
  4. ^ "Presidency 2008",
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b "2008 Presidential Convention Ballot Results". United States Green Party. Retrieved 31 May 2010. 
  7. ^ World Workers Party formally endoreses McKinney, Independent Political Report, July 17, 2008.
  8. ^ Jared Ball Ends Campaign in Support of Cynthia McKinney, January 17, 2008
  9. ^ "Presidential and VP Vote Totals - Updated Live!".  
  10. ^ Faculty Directory - George Phillies
  11. ^ Mike Jingozian for President FEC disclosure report,
  12. ^ Candidate profile:Mike Jingozian, at Project Vote Smart.
  13. ^ Christine Smith for President FEC disclosure report,
  14. ^ Candidate profile:Christine Smith at Project Vote Smart.
  15. ^ Libertarian Party of PA/NJ Presidential Debate (video)
  16. ^ Matthew Hirsch. "Money rules: Public financing for mayoral candidates tops the list of electoral reforms the Ethics Commission is pursuing". San Francisco Bay Guardian. 
  17. ^ a b c "Dallas Reform Party Meeting",, July 7, 2008
  18. ^ (August 14, 2009) "Not Your ‘Average Joe’" The Post-Journal.

External links

  • Photo Gallery with Fun Facts of Third Party candidates
  • Politics1 Presidency 2008 (includes Third Party and Independent candidates)
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