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University College Hospital

University College Hospital
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Hospital building, opened 2005
Geography
Location Fitzrovia, London, England
Organisation
Care system NHS
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University College London
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds 665[1]
History
Founded 1834
Links
Website .uk.nhsuclh
Lists Hospitals in England

University College Hospital (UCH) is a teaching hospital located in London, United Kingdom. It is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is closely associated with University College London (UCL).

The hospital has 665 in-patient beds, 12 operating theatres and houses the largest single critical care unit in the NHS.[1][2] The Accident & Emergency department sees approximately 80,000 patients a year.[3] It is a major teaching hospital and a key location for the UCL Medical School.[4] It is also a major centre for medical research and part of both the UCLH/UCL Biomedical Research Centre and the UCL Partners academic health science centre.[5][6]

The hospital is located on Euston Road in the Fitzrovia area of the London Borough of Camden, adjacent to the main campus of UCL. The nearest London Underground stations are Euston Square and Warren Street, with Goodge Street nearby.

The urology department moved to University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street, formerly the Heart Hospital, in 2015.[7][8]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Services 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

History

The hospital was founded as the 'North London Hospital' in 1834, eight years after UCL (then known as the London University), in order to provide clinical training for the "medical classes" of the university, after a refusal by the governors of the Middlesex Hospital to allow students access to that hospital's wards.[9] It soon became known as University College Hospital.[9]

In 1835 Robert Liston became the first professor of clinical surgery at UCH,[10][11] and the first major operation under ether in Europe was conducted at the hospital by Liston on 21 December 1846.[9] UCH was split from UCL in 1905, and a new hospital building designed by Alfred Waterhouse, known as the Cruciform Building, was opened in 1906. UCH merged with the National Dental Hospital in 1914, and the Royal Ear Hospital in 1920.[9] The hospital was run by the Bloomsbury Area Health Authority from 1974. In 1994 UCH became part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Trust.[9] The hospital site at the Cruciform Building was closed in 1995, despite strikes and an occupation in 1993.[12] The building was purchased by UCL, for use as the home for the Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research and the teaching facility for UCL bioscience and medical students UCL Medical School.[13]

A major new £422 million, 75,822 m² hospital was opened in 2005, constructed by a partnership between AMEC, Balfour Beatty and Interserve under the Private Finance Initiative.[1][14]

In October 2006, the hospital was nominated and made the Building Design shortlist for the inaugural Carbuncle Cup, which was ultimately awarded to Drake Circus Shopping Centre in Plymouth.[15]

In November 2008, the £70 million University College Hospital Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Wing was opened, allowing the hospital to offer all women's health services in one place (except some breast and gynaecology services).[16]

Services

As of 2015 the following services were provided at the hospital:[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "UCLH". Interserve Plc. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "University College Hospital". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "University College London Hospitals: Emergency Services". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Bloomsbury Campus". UCL Medical School. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "Home". UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "About us". UCL Partners. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  7. ^ http://www.uclh.nhs.uk/ourservices/ourhospitals/hh/Pages/Home.aspx
  8. ^ UCLH Web site: Refurbishment of the Heart Hospital, 18 May 2015, retrieved 15 September 2015 "The Heart Hospital is being refurbished and will reopen at the beginning of the summer to provide thoracic surgery and urology services ... it will be called University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street."
  9. ^ a b c d e "UCLH trust chronology". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Overview of Robert Liston". 
  11. ^ Flemming, P. (1926). "Robert Liston, the first professor of clinical surgery at UCH". University College Hospital Magazine. 1: 176–85.  in Gordon, R. (1983), p.146.
  12. ^ "The South London Women’s Hospital Occupation 1984-85". Past tense. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "The Cruciform Building". Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  14. ^ "University College London Hospitals wins award for Best Health Project (over £20 million)". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  15. ^ bdonline.co.uk. "Bottom of the barrel - Carbuncles 2006". Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  16. ^ "New EGA Wing opens to mothers and babies". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 

Sources

  • University College Hospital and its Medical School: a history by W R Merrington (1976) ISBN 0-434-46500-3

External links

  • University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  • UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre
  • UCL Partners
  • UCL Medical School
  • UCL School of Life & Medical Sciences
  • Cruciform Building - History and Design

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