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University of Kansas School of Medicine

University of Kansas School of Medicine
Motto Educating Healthcare Professionals Since 1905!
Established September 6, 1905 (1905-09-06)
Type Medical school
Parent institution University of Kansas
Dean Doug Girod, Interim Dean
Location , Kansas, United States
Colors      Crimson
     Blue
Website .edu.kumcmedicine

The University of Kansas School of Medicine is a public medical school located on the University of Kansas Medical Center campuses in Kansas City, Kansas, Salina, Kansas and in Wichita, Kansas.

The Kansas City campus is co-located with the University of Kansas Hospital.

Currently the school has the highest yield out of all of the medical schools in the United States.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Locations 2
    • Wichita Campus 2.1
      • Locations 2.1.1
    • Salina Campus 2.2
      • Salina Campus History 2.2.1
  • Timeline of Achievements 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Events leading to the creation of the University of Kansas School of Medicine began in the 1880s with instruction in medical topics in the undergraduate school. Chemistry professor Edgar Bailey was one of the leading influences behind this course of study. However, this "Preparatory Medical Course" was mostly symbolic – no clinical training was available, and students had to get their medical degrees elsewhere. The idea was more fully developed when professor Samuel Wendell Williston came to Kansas from Yale in 1890 and advanced the idea that a specific two-year course of study for medicine should be implemented at KU. In 1899, Williston was named the first dean of this two-year "medical school" at KU.

The official establishment of the KU Medical School came in 1905, when the KU Board of Regents authorized the creation of a full four-year medical school at KU, accomplished by merging the existing two-year school in Lawrence with three Kansas City-area medical colleges. Even when the School of Medicine officially opened on September 6, 1905, and began providing instruction at the Bell Memorial Hospital in Rosedale, Kansas, it lacked clinical facilities, an adequate budget and political support. But the new school did have an impressive corps of talented physician-educators, and their early presence proved to be a springboard toward long-term success.[2]

After decades of disagreements about the school's location were resolved in 1922, the new School of Medicine opened in 1924 at its current location, 39th Street and Rainbow Boulevard in Kansas City, Kansas.[2]

By 1940, an infusion of New Deal programs helped the campus boom, adding nine large medical buildings. In 1948, Dean Franklin D. Murphy, MD, pitched a plan to state legislators. Under its terms, the Medical Center facilities would be vastly expanded and in return, the school would graduate 25 percent more doctors and encourage them to choose rural practice. The "Murphy Plan" launched a metamorphosis in the 1950s and 1960s, with even more campus growth, record enrollments, the highest operating budgets in the school's history and changes in curriculum. By 1962, all four years of medical school were taught in Kansas City.[2]

As dean of the School of Medicine (1952–60) and KU chancellor (1960-69), Dr. W. Clarke Wescoe: Under his leadership, postgraduate medical education was expanded tremendously; mental health and treatment became a major priority; millions of dollars in grants funded research on cancer, heart disease, polio and other illnesses; and new teaching technology, such as endoscopic television cameras, was introduced.[2]

In 1971, KU extended its reach in Kansas, establishing a community-based clinical campus in Wichita.[2]

In the new millennium, the school has continued, most notably with the 2007 opening of the $52 million Robert E. Hemenway Life Sciences Innovation Center, attracting millions in grant funding and some of the nation's top researchers. In 2008, the Institute for Advancing Medical Innovation was established to hasten discovery and development of new drugs and medical devices. In 2011, a new campus opened in Salina, to produce primary-care doctors for underserved areas.[2]

Locations

Wichita Campus

University of Kansas School of Medicine - Wichita opened in 1971, and the first medical students were admitted in 1973.[3] As of 2011, a full four-year course of instruction is offered in Wichita. Previously, students were only able to complete their third and fourth years in Wichita [4]

Locations

Main Location

Clinic Locations

Salina Campus

The KU School of Medicine-Salina is housed primarily in the Braddick Building on the Salina Regional Health Center Campus. In addition to the medical student classrooms the clinical skills labs, human anatomy lab, testing center, student study areas, and student lounge are all located in the Braddick Building.[5]

The curriculum in Salina is identical to that at the School of Medicine campuses in Kansas City and Wichita. In the first two years, it is delivered by on-site and distance education. Lectures are given using interactive televideo, and podcasting is available for all students. These lectures and podcasts are supplemented with various types of clinical skills, laboratory and group activities. The Salina program features a core group of basic scientists backed by a large team of experts in all relevant basic science fields in Kansas City. During their third and fourth years, medical students will complete required elective clinical clerkships. These clerkships will be located at Salina Regional Health Center, local physician officies, and at other hospitals and physician offices in the region.[5]

Salina Campus History

In a move designed to help address the state's critical need for more doctors, the University of Kansas School of Medicine opened its new campus in Salina in July 2011. The innovative medical education program is aimed at students with a strong desire to practice in rural areas.[6]

With a class size of eight students, KU's Salina campus is the smallest four-year medical-education site in the country.[6]

Timeline of Achievements

The School of Medicine has more than a century of history.[7]

  • 1918: Orval J. Cunningham, M.D., developed the Cunningham Tank, a forerunner to hyperbaric medicine, which helped pioneer the iron lung, U.S. Navy diving advances, submarine rescue operations and "blue baby" procedures.[7]
  • 1936: Earl Padgett, M.D., with Professor George J. Hood, invented the Padgett-Hood Dermatome, revolutionizing the plastic surgery technique of skin grafting.[7]
  • 1948: Robert E. Stowell, M.D., established one of the premier cancer research programs in the nation at KUMC, creating methods to observe cell structure and speed the fixation of tissue used on cancer research.[7]
  • 1949: KUMC became the first institution in the world to regularly employ the use of television in medical teaching.[7]
  • 1962: Hughes W. Day, M.D., originated the concept of an acute coronary care unit for heart patients and developed the cardiac "crash cart" and the term "code blue."[7]
  • 1967: Norge Jerome, Ph.D., was the first person in the world to become a nutritional anthropologist.[7]
  • 1971: Creighton Hardin, M.D., became the first surgeon in the world to perform reattachment of a completely severed upper arm with return of function.[7]
  • 1976: William R. Jewell, M.D., developed a new type of immunotherapy which doubled the survival rates for patients with melanoma.[7]
  • 1989: Marc Asher, M.D., was one of four principals to develop the first spinal system to consciously integrate hook, wire and screw bone anchors. Known as the Isola Spine Implant System, it is widely used.[7]
  • 1991: Leone Mattioli, M.D., a KUMC pediatric cardiologist, and Bob Cox, M.D., a pediatrician in Hays, became the first clinicians in Kansas to conduct a clinical consultation via telemedicine, a video technology that connects providers and patients when distance separates the two.[7]
  • 1995: Ed LeCluyse, Ph.D., was one of the few U.S. researchers to successfully grow human liver cells in a Petri dish long term.[7]
  • 1995: Virologist Bill Narayan, D.V.M., Ph.D., developed a virus, KU SHIV, that caused AIDS in monkeys, a breakthrough that sped the development of AIDS medications.[7]
  • 1997: Neurologist William Koller, M.D., implanted a "brain pacemaker" in 60 patients for relief of essential tremor or Parkinson's Disease, which led to FDA approval for the new tremor control therapy.[7]
  • 2002: KUMC was recognized as the world leader in the use of a gastric pacemaker for the treatment of gastroparesis.[7]
  • 2005: Executive Dean Barbara Atkinson, M.D, added the responsilities of executive vice chancellor, becoming the first woman to hold both positions at a U.S. medical center at the same time.[7]
  • 2011: The School of Medicine opened a campus in Salina. With just eight students in each class, the campus is thought to be the smallest four-year education site in the nation.[7]

References

  1. ^ http://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/top-medical-schools/slideshows/10-medical-schools-that-enroll-the-most-accepted-students/11
  2. ^ a b c d e f University of Kansas School of Medicine History
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v KU School of Medicine - Wichita Information
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b About KU School of Medicine - Salina
  6. ^ a b KU School of Medicine - Salina History
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q KU School of Medicine Achievements

External links

  • Official Website
  • University of Kansas Website
  • KU School of Medicine - Wichita Website
  • KU School of Medicine - Salina Website
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