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Upton (UK Parliament constituency)

 

Upton (UK Parliament constituency)

Upton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Upton in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.
County Essex
19181950
Number of members One
Replaced by West Ham North
Created from West Ham North

Upton (strictly the Upton Division of West Ham) was a parliamentary constituency in the Borough of West Ham in the South-West of Essex (now East London), which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election and abolished for the 1950 general election.

Contents

  • Boundaries 1
  • Members of Parliament 2
  • Elections 3
    • Elections in the 1910s 3.1
    • Elections in the 1920s 3.2
    • Elections in the 1930s 3.3
    • Elections in the 1940s 3.4
  • References 4

Boundaries

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party
1918 Sir Ernest Edward Wild Coalition Conservative
1922 David Margesson Conservative
1923 Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1924 Herbert Paton Holt Conservative
1929 Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1931 Alfred James Chotzner Conservative
1934 by-election Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1945 Arthur Lewis Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918: Upton[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 8,813 61.2 n/a
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 3,186 22.2 n/a
Liberal John Charles Nicholson 2,380 16.6 n/a
Majority 5,627 39.0 n/a
Turnout 46.8 n/a
Unionist win
  • Wild was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: Upton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry David Reginald Margesson 10,196 46.0
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 7,268 32.8
Liberal John Charles Nicholson 4,692 21.2
Majority 2,928 13.2
Turnout 69.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Upton[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 8,656 39.3
Unionist Henry David Reginald Margesson 7,630 34.7
Liberal John Charles Carroll 5,710 26.0
Majority 1,026 4.6
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924: Upton[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Paton Holt 13,410 54.0
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 11,443 46.0
Majority 1,967 8.0
Turnout 74.8
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1929: Upton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 14,703 49.0 +3.0
Unionist Morgan Morgan 9,681 32.3 -21.7
Liberal W. J. Austin 5,607 18.7 n/a
Majority 5,022 16.7 +24.7
Turnout 70.8 -4.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +12.3

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Upton[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred James Chotzner 17,561 58.5 +26.2
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 12,453 41.5
Majority 5,108 17.0
Turnout 30,014 70.4 -0.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Upton by-election, 1934[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Walter Gardner 11,998 56.4
Conservative John Robert Jermain Macnamara 8,534 40.1
Majority 3,464 16.3
Turnout 50.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Upton[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 1,665 6.5
Turnout 25,705 62.7
Labour hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Labour: D. Robert Rees[9]
  • Conservative:
  • British Union: Arthur Beaven

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Upton[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 9,396 49.0 +42.6
Turnout 67.4 +4.7
Labour hold Swing +21.3

References

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  2. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "U"
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