Urwa ibn al-Zubayr

Urwah ibn Zubayr
Died AH 94 (712/713)[1]
Era Islamic golden age
Region Muslim scholar
Main interest(s) History, Fiqh and Hadith

Part of a series on the
Muslim scholars

– a sub-group of Muslims

1st millennium AH
  • 2nd century AH: (719 – 816 CE)
  • 3rd century AH: (816 – 913 CE)
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  • 7th century AH: (1204 – 1301 CE)
  • 8th century AH: (1301 – 1398 CE)
  • 9th century AH: (1398 – 1495 CE)
  • 10th century AH: (1495 – 1592 CE)
2nd millennium AH

The Seven
Fuqaha of Medina

'Urwah ibn al-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam al-Asadi (Arabic: عروة بن الزبير بن العوام الأسدي‎, died 713) was among the seven fuqaha (jurists) who formulated the fiqh of Medina in the time of the Tabi‘in and one of Muslim historian.

Biography

Family

He was the son of Asma bint Abi Bakr and Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, the brother of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr and the nephew of Aisha bint Abu Bakr.

His son was Hisham ibn Urwa.

Uthman's era

He was born in the early years of the caliphate of Uthman[3] in Medina and lived through the civil war which occurred after Uthman's murder. Although his brother Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr wrested the rule from Abd al-Malik, it is unknown if he assisted him. He devoted himself to the study of fiqh and hadith and had the greatest knowledge of hadiths narrated from Aishah. He said, "Before Aishah died, I saw that I had become one of four authorities. I said, 'If she dies, there will be no hadith which will be lost from those she knows. I have memorized all of them."

Legacy

He was one of the 7 jurists of Medina.

Works

Urwah wrote many books but, fearing they might become sources of authority alongside the Qur'an, destroyed them the day of the Battle of al-Harrah. He later he regretted that, saying "I would rather have them in my possession than my family and property twice over."

He is also known to have written one of the first writings in the area of the biography of the Prophet Muhammad, known as the Tract of Seerah.

Hadith

Among his narrations are:

  • Hadith of Umar's speech of forbidding Mut'ah

His transmitted narrations from:

His narrations are transmitted by:

Non-Muslim view

Gregor Schoeler calls him as the first head of what he calls a "Madinese historical school," who began the systematic organization of material into books (tasnīf) [5]

See also

References

also:

  • The Four Imams, Muhammad Abu Zahrah, Dar al-Taqwa Publications

External links

  • Biography of Imam 'Urwah Ibn Az Zubayr and the others 7 jurists of Medina
  • (French) Biography of Imam 'Urwah Ibn Az Zubayr by at-tawhid.net
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