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Title: Ust-Kamenogorsk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Lavr Kornilov, Irtysh River, Lada Niva, Lada Samara, Kazakhstani tenge, Alfa-class submarine, Lada Riva, Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, Evgeni Nabokov
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Location in Kazakhstan

Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617

Country Kazakhstan
Province East Kazakhstan Province
Founded 1720
Incorporated (city) 1868
 • Akim (mayor) Islam Abishev
 • Total 540 km2 (210 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 321,000
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 070001–070019
Area code(s) +7 7232

Öskemen (Kazakh: Өскемен) or Ust-Kamenogorsk (Russian: Усть-Каменого́рск) is the administrative center of the East Kazakhstan Province of Kazakhstan. It is served by Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport. Population:


Founded in 1720 at the confluence of the Irtysh and Ulba rivers as a fort and trading post named Ust-Kamennaya.[2] The city was established in 1720 according to the order of the Russian Emperor Peter the Great, who sent a military expedition headed by major Ivan Vasilievich Likharev in the search of Yarkenda gold. Likharev’s expedition directed up the Irtysh river to Zaysan Lake. There, at the confluence of the Ulba and the Irtysh rivers the new fortress was laid – the Ust-Kamennaya Fortress. The Ust-Kamennaya Fortress appeared on the map of the Russian Empire, the very southern end of the Irtysh line.[3] In 1868 the city became the capital of the Semipalatinsk Oblast. It was the site of Georgy Malenkov's 30-year internal exile, during which he managed a local hydroelectric plant.[4]

The city developed into a major mining and metallurgical center during the Soviet period. Mining of non-ferrous metals, especially uranium, beryllium, tantalum, copper, lead, silver and zinc remain important. It is a center for the construction industry producing manufactured housing and ferroconcrete articles. The post-war industrial history of the city is very closely intertwined with the Soviet nuclear bomb project, and the city was therefore kept closed to outsiders. One of the main industrial enterprises, the Ulba Metal Works (UMW) which produced and still produce uranium products, was kept entirely secret despite it employing thousands of workers. An explosion at the UMW's beryllium production line in 1990 led to the diffusion of a highly toxic beryllium-containing "cloud" over the city. The health effects of this incident are not entirely known, partly due to the fact that the incident was kept secret by the Soviet authorities.


Under the name of the Ust-Kamenogorsk Lock, the highest lock in the world lies at Ablaketka where it allows river traffic to pass around a hydroelectric dam on the Irtysh river. It has a drop of more than 40m.[5]

Since the opening of the Three Gorges locks, the upper lock of that five-lock cascade is theoretically on a par with this lock, but its full drop will be used only in extreme cases, while the Ust-Kamenogorsk lock is designed for permanent use at this height.



There are 32 religious unions, presenting 15 religious confessions, including Muslim, Christian and non-traditional religions. There are 21 cultural buildings in the city: among them mosques and Orthodox Christian churches.[7]


The city has an international Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport.

The most popular form of public transport is the tram, although its share in total traffic is less than the bus.

Intercity bus service is carried out on two bus stations. The most extensive network (more than 35 lines) is the oldest railway station, which is located at the Sports Palace on the avenue to them. Abay (street Novoshkolnaya). From this station, buses are not only in the field of human settlements and the Republic, but also in the cities of Russia, such as Krasnoyarsk. The route network of the second station, located on the street. Grange, covers only the area (17 lines).


Climate is sharply continental with intermittent wetting. To a cold period to Ust-Kamenogorsk are the five months from November to March. The absolute minimum temperature ranges from -49 º in January to +4 º in July. The absolute maximum - from +8 º in January to +43 º in July.


The city has three cinemas (although during the Soviet era, there were a lot more), three museums, a drama theater with Russian and Kazakh (since 2000), troupes, the House of Peoples' Friendship Sports Palace them. Boris Alexandrov.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Oskemen is twinned with:

Notable residents

See also


External links

  • Oskemen
  • Ust-Kamenogorsk

Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617

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