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V Amphibious Corps

V Amphibious Corps
Active 25 August 1943 – 15 February 1946
Allegiance United States
Branch  United States Marine Corps
Type Marine Air-Ground Task Force
Role Expeditionary combat force
Part of Inactive
Engagements World War II
*Battle of Tarawa
* Battle of Makin
* Battle of Kwajalein
* Battle of Eniwetok
* Battle of Saipan
* Battle of Tinian
* Battle of Iwo Jima

The V Amphibious Corps (VAC) was a formation of the United States Marine Corps which was composed of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions in World War II. The three divisions were the amphibious landing force for the United States Fifth Fleet and were notably involved in the battles for Tarawa, Saipan, and Iwo Jima, during the war. The V Amphibious Corps was commanded by General Holland 'Howlin Mad' Smith followed by General Harry Schmidt.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Structure 2
  • Subordinate units 3
  • Marine Corps commanders 4
  • Unit awards 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9

History

The V Amphibious Corps (formerly Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet; ACPF) was formed on 25 August 1943 at Camp Elliot, California. In September 1943, it moved to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Structure

The structure of a United States Marine Corps' amphibious corps by 1945, was broken down into four major subordinate commands with each of them having numerous sub-elements:

  • The first major element of the Corps was three reinforced Marine infantry divisions.
  • The second was the Corps artillery, which was composed of a field artillery group made of three battalions of 155mm howitzers, three battalions of 155mm guns, and an Antiaircraft Artillery Group made of three antiaircraft artillery battalions.
  • The third was the Amphibian Tractor Group, which was made up of four amphibian tractor battalions and an armored amphibian tractor battalion.
  • The fourth was the Corps Troops, which was composed of a headquarters and service battalion, administrative command, signal battalion, medical battalion, motor transport battalion, engineer battalion, reconnaissance battalion, and military police battalion.[1]

Subordinate units

The US Marine Corps and US Army commands that served under the V Amphibious Corps in World War II include:[2]

Marine Corps
Army

Marine Corps commanders

Unit awards

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rottman USMC WWII OOB, p.102.
  2. ^ Rottman USMC WWII OOB, p. 111.
  3. ^ a b https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Frequently_Requested/BattleHonors_6Mar_WWII.aspx

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
  • Arens, Major Mark P., USMCR (1995). "Chapter 2: V Amphibious Corps". V [Marine] Amphibious Corps Planning for Operation Olympic and the Role of Intelligence in Support of Planning (Marine Corps Staff and Command College). Retrieved 13 May 2007. Written in fulfillment of a requirement for the Marine Corps Staff and Command College. 
  • Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle – Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 – 1945. Greenwood Press.  

Further reading

  • Drez, Ronald J. and Stephen E. Ambrose (2003). Twenty-Five Yards of War: The Extraordinary Courage of Ordinary Men in World War II. Hyperion. p. 227.  
  • Rottman, Gordon L. and Mike Chappell (1995). US Marine Corps 1941–45. Osprey Publishing.  
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