World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Valenza

Article Id: WHEBN0006561319
Reproduction Date:

Title: Valenza  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Valenzana Mado, Dolcetto, House of Broglie, Rocca Imperiale, Frascarolo
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Valenza

Valenza
Comune
Comune di Valenza
Coat of arms of Valenza
Coat of arms
Valenza is located in Italy
Valenza
Valenza
Location of Valenza in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Alessandria (AL)
Frazioni Villabella, Montevalenza
Government
 • Mayor Sergio Cassano (PdL)
Area
 • Total 50.0 km2 (19.3 sq mi)
Elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2005)[1]
 • Total 20,471
 • Density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym Valenzani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 15048
Dialing code 0131
Website Official website

Valenza (Valensa in Piedmontese) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) east of Turin and about 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Alessandria.

History

A stronghold of the Ligures, it was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century BC, and became a forum as Forum Fulvii Valentinum, having law jurisdiction and a market. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, most of the population moved from the hills of the previous settlement to live where the current town is. It was ravaged by the Burgundians and ruled by the Lombards. After the Frank conquest of northern Italy, it became part of the mark of Montferrat.

Overshadowed by the power of the nearby Alessandria, it attracted the attentions of Galeazzo I Visconti, duke of Milan, but his plot to capture the city failed. The Viscount were however able to conquer Valenza in 1370. Later the town was sacked by the French troops (1499 and 1515), reconquered by the Spaniards (1521) under Charles V (1521) and then again captured by the French (1523). However, in the latter year it was given back to Charles V. Again surrendered to the French in 1557, it finally was assigned to Spain in 1559 by the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis.

In 1635, during the Thirty Years' War, Valenza resisted for 6 days a siege from French, Parmense and Savoyard troops. It again withstood a French siege in 1641, but in 1656, after 70 days of siege, it capitulated to French, Savoyard and Modenese troops. Valaenza was besieged again in 1696, but this time the French and Savoyards were unable to capture it. In 1707, in the course of the War of Spanish Succession, it was conquered by Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, who had its possession confirmed in 1713 by the Treaty of Utrecht. Thenceforth Valenza followed the Piedmontese-Sardinian history, and that of Italy from 1861. Valenza is the city of gold, are made the best jewelry in the world

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.