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Valorous Unit Award

Valorous Unit Award
Awarded by United States Army
Type Ribbon and Streamer
Eligibility Combatant Military Unit
Awarded for "Extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America."
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
Last awarded On going
Precedence
Next (higher) Presidential Unit Citation
Equivalent DoD - Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Army - Valorous Unit Award
Navy - Unit Commendation
Air Force - Gallant Unit Citation
Coast Guard - Unit Commendation
Individual
equivalent
Silver Star
Next (lower) Meritorious Unit Commendation

Streamer for the Valorous Unit Award

The Valorous Unit Award is the second highest unit decoration which may be bestowed upon a U.S. Army unit (the highest being the Presidential Unit Citation) and is considered the unit equivalent of the Silver Star. It is awarded to units of the United States Army which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Criteria 2
  • Description and components 3
  • References 4
  • See also 5

Background

As a result of a request from the Commander, USMACV, to expand the scope of the Meritorious Unit Commendation to include acts of valor, a review of the unit awards program was conducted in 1965. The study concluded that a gap did exist in the awards program. The Distinguished Unit Citation[1] (renamed Army Presidential Unit Citation in November 3, 1966)[2] was awarded for gallantry in action for heroism that would warrant the Distinguished Service Cross for an individual. There was no lesser unit award for heroism. Based on the study, it was recommended the scope of the Meritorious Unit Commendation be expanded to include acts of heroism. The CSPER disapproved the recommendation and in a memorandum to the CSA, dated 7 January 1966, it recommended a Valorous Unit Award be adopted to signify unit gallantry in combat to a degree equivalent to that required for award of a Silver Star to an individual. The recommendation with the proposed design was approved by the Chief of Staff, Army, on 12 January 1966.

The ribbon is worn by all members of a cited organization, and is considered an individual decoration for those involved in the cited acts. They continue to wear it after they leave the unit. Other personnel may wear the decoration to indicate the unit they serve in has received the Valorous Unit Award, but they can no longer wear it once they leave the unit.

Criteria

The Valorous Unit Award[3] is to be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent part for actions occurring on or after 3 August 1963. The Valorous Unit Award requires a lesser degree of gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps than that required for the Presidential Unit Citation. Nevertheless, the unit must have performed with marked distinction under difficult and hazardous conditions in accomplishing its mission so as to set it apart from the other units participating in the same conflict. The degree of heroism required is the same as that which would warrant award of the Silver Star to an individual. Extended periods of combat duty or participation in a large number of operational missions, either ground or air, is not sufficient. This award will normally be earned by units that have participated in single or successive actions covering relatively brief time spans. It is not reasonable to presume that entire units can sustain Silver Star performance for extended time periods under the most unusual circumstances. Only on rare occasions will a unit larger than a battalion qualify for this award.[4]

Description and components

Comparison of the Silver Star with the VUA.

The ribbon worn to represent award of the Valorous Unit Award is 1 7/16 inches wide and 9/16 inch in height. The emblem consists of a 1/16 inch wide Gold frame with laurel leaves which encloses a ribbon of the pattern of the Silver Star Medal ribbon centered on a Red ribbon. The stripe dimensions of the ribbon are: 3/8 inch Old Glory Red 67156; 1/16 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 1/64 inch White 67101; 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue; 3/32 inch White; center 3/32 inch Old Glory Red; 3/32 inch White; 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue; 1/64 inch White; 1/16 inch Ultramarine Blue; and 3/8 inch Old Glory Red. The streamers are the same pattern as the Silver Star Medal ribbon. The current components of the Valorous Unit Award are the emblems awarded to members of the unit and the streamer for display on the unit flag/guidon.

  • Valorous Unit Award: MIL-D-3943/32 (frame) and MIL-R-11589/154 (ribbon). NSN-8455-00-964-4296.
  • Streamer: MIL-S-14650/5. Manual requisition in accordance with Chapter 9, Army Regulation (AR) 840-10.

References

  1. ^ 578.57 Presidential Unit Citation
  2. ^ Presidential Unit Citation
  3. ^ Valorous Unit Award
  4. ^ 578.58 Valorous Unit Award

See also

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