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Title: Varzaqan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Central District (Varzaqan County), Kharvana, Kharvana District, Cities in East Azerbaijan Province, Ajab Shir
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Gol Akhur waterfall
Country Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Varzaqan
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,549
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Varzaqan (Persian: ورزقان‎; also Romanized as Varzaqān and Warzagan; formerly, Karzigan (Persian: كَرزيگَن), also Romanized as Kārzigān and Karzygan)[1] is a city in and the capital of Varzaqan County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,549, in 930 families.[2] The city is famous for the Sungun copper mine, 25 km from the city centre, which is estimated to have 3 percent of the known copper reserves in the world.

Historical landmark

The cuneiform inscription in the village of Saqandel is the most famous historical monument in the region.


The area is subject to earthquakes, and in 2012 a number of people were killed when two earthquakes, magnitude 6.4 and a 6.3 struck on the afternoon of 11 August.[3]

for the main article see 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes.


Farming is the predominant occupation in the rural areas. The area produces apple, pear, cherry, walnut and apricot fruit. Recently spruce trees have been planted as the start of a forestry industry. Cold water fish farming has been started.[4]

Varzaqan is a mining centre for base metal mining, as well as gold. The Sungun copper mine is now the largest copper mine in northwestern Iran. The deposit itself is one of the largest copper deposits in the world. There are nearby gold mines at Shrfabad, Hyzjan, Tshkhsrv, Astrgan, Andryan and Myvhrvd.[4]


  1. ^ Varzaqan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3088233" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel).  
  3. ^ "Iran earthquake relief efforts begin after 250 killed". BBC News. 12 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Arzyl, Ahmed Hassan Nejad ( احمد حسن نژاد ارزیل) (2010). "تاریخچه شهرستان ورزقان (History of Varzaqan)". 
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