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Venice Film Festival

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Venice Film Festival

Venice Film Festival
Venice International Film Festival logo
Location Venice, Italy
Founded 1932
Directed by Alberto Barbera
Festival date late August/early September
Language Italian
English
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The Venice Film Festival or Venice International Film Festival (Italian: Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica della Biennale di Venezia, "International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art of the Venice Biennale"), founded in 1932, is the oldest international film festival in the world.[1][2] The film festival is part of the Venice Biennale which was founded by the Venetian City Council in 1895. The Biennale consists (now) of a range of separate events including (the International Art Exhibition (Venice); the International Festival of Contemporary Music (Venice); the International Theatre Festival (Venice), the International Architecture Exhibition (Venice), the International Festival of Contemporary Dance (Venice), and the International Kids’ Carnival (Venice) of which the Venice Film festival is probably the best known event.

The film festival has since taken place in late August or early September on the island of the Lido, Venice, Italy. Screenings take place in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi and in other venues nearby. Since its inception the Film Festival has become probably the most prestigious international film event and competition in the world. The 71st Festival took place from 27 August to 6 September 2014.

Awards

The Film Festival's current awards are:

Official selection - In competition

Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro)

The 65th Venice International Film Festival

Awarded to the best film screened in competition at the festival

See a list of winners at Golden Lion

Silver Lion Leone d'Argento

The Silver Lion is awarded to the best director in the competitive section Venezia (plus the number of the edition).

See list of winners at Silver Lion

Grand Jury Prize

Volpi Cup (Coppa Volpi)

The Volpi Cups are awarded to:

  • 'Best actor'
  • 'Best actress'

Formal awards for best actor and best actress have been given since 1934. In the mid-1990s awards were also given to supporting actors and actresses.

For a list of winners, see Volpi Cup.

Marcello Mastroianni Award

The "Marcello Mastroianni Award" was instituted in 1998 in honor of the great Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni who passed away in 1996. The award was created to acknowledge an emerging actor or actress, and can be compared to the "Volpi Cup", the award for Best Actor and Best Actress. [3]

'Special Lion'

The Jury may also choose to award a 'Special Lion' for an overall work to a director or actor of a film presented in the main competition section.

Orizzonti section (Horizons)

is open to all "custom-format" works, with a wider view towards new trends in the expressive languages that converge in film. The awards of the Orizzonti section are:

  • The Orizzonti Prize
  • The Special Orizzonti Jury Prize (for feature-length films)
  • The Orizzonti Short Film Prize
  • The Orizzonti Medium-length Film Prize

Controcampo Italiano section

presents a panorama on Italian cinema with 7 narrative feature-length films, 7 short films, and 7 documentaries, all world premiere screenings and all in competition in their respective categories. The awards of this section are:

  • Controcampo Award (for narrative feature-length films)
  • Controcampo Award (for short films)
  • Controcampo Doc Award (for documentaries)

Best Screenplay Award

for best screenplay.

Lion of the Future

Award for a debut film.

Special Jury Prize

A Special Jury Prize is awarded to one or two films in most years.

See list of winners at Special Jury Prize (Venice Film Festival)

Golden Osella

There are two Golden Osella Prizes: for Best Technical Contribution (to cinematographers, composers, etc.) and for Best Screenplay.

Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award

The “Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker” award was created by the Venice Film Festival and organized in collaboration with Jaeger-LeCoultre. It is dedicated to personalities that have made a significant contribution to contemporary cinema. [4]

Year Director Nationality
2007 Kitano Takeshi  Japan
2008 Abbas Kiarostami  Iran
Agnès Varda  France
2009 Sylvester Stallone  United States
2010 Mani Ratnam  India
2011 Al Pacino  United States
2012 Spike Lee  United States
2013 Ettore Scola  Italy

Past awards

Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cups)

The Mussolini Cups were the top awards from 1934 to 1942 for best Italian and best foreign film. Named after Italy's then dictator prime minister, Benito Mussolini, they were abandoned upon his ousting in 1943. [5]

Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cup) for Best Italian Film

Year English title Original title Director(s)
1934 Loyalty of Love Teresa Confalonieri Guido Brignone
1935 Casta Diva Casta diva Carmine Gallone
1936 The White Squadron Lo squadrone bianco Augusto Genina
1937 Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal Scipione l'africano Carmine Gallone
1938 Luciano Serra, Pilot Luciano Serra pilota Goffredo Alessandrini
1939 Cardinal Messias Abuna Messias Goffredo Alessandrini
1940 The Siege of the Alcazar L'assedio dell'Alcazar Augusto Genina
1941 The Iron Crown La corona di ferro Alessandro Blasetti
1942 Bengasi Bengasi Augusto Genina

Mussolini Cup for Best Foreign Film

Year English title Original title Director(s) Country
1934 Man of Aran Man of Aran Robert J. Flaherty United Kingdom
1935 Anna Karenina Anna Karenina Clarence Brown United States
1936 The Kaiser of California Der Kaiser von Kalifornien Luis Trenker Germany
1937 Dance Program Un carnet de bal (fr) Julien Duvivier France
1938 Olympia Part One: Festival of the Nations Olympia 1. Teil — Fest der Völker Leni Riefenstahl Germany
1940 The Postmaster Der Postmeister Gustav Ucicky Germany
1941 Uncle Krüger Ohm Krüger Hans Steinhoff Germany
1942 The Great King Der große König Veit Harlan Germany

Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment

"Le Grandi Medaglie d’Oro dell’Associazione Nazionale Fascista dello Spettacolo" in Italian.

This was awarded to Best Actor and Best Actress.[6] It was later replaced by the [7]

Audience Referendum

In the first edition of the festival in 1932, due to the lack of a jury and the awarding of official prizes, a list of acknowledgements was decided by popular vote, an tally determined by the number of people flocking to the films, and announced by the Organizing Committee. From this the Best Director was declared – Russian Nikolaj Ekk for the film The Road to Life, while the film by René Clair Give Us Liberty was voted Best Film.

Award for Best Director

Year Director(s) Title Original title
1935 King Vidor The Wedding Night
1936 Jacques Feyder Carnival in Flanders La Kermesse Héroique
1937 Robert J. Flaherty and Zoltan Korda Elephant Boy
1938 Carl Froelich Magda Heimat

See also

References

  1. ^ Anderson, Ariston. "Venice: David Gordon Green's 'Manglehorn,' Abel Ferrara's 'Pasolini' in Competition Lineup".  
  2. ^ "Addio, Lido: Last Postcards from the Venice Film Festival".  
  3. ^ "Carnival of Venice -Marcello Mastroianni Award". Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  4. ^ "Carnival of Venice, Portale di Venezia®-The 1930’s". Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  5. ^ "La Biennale di Venezia - The 30s". Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  6. ^ "La Biennale di Venezia - The 30s". Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  7. ^ "Carnival of Venice, Portale di Venezia®-The 1930’s". Retrieved 2014-09-29. 

External links

  • La Biennale di Venezia – Official website (English) (Italian)
  • Venice International Film Festival history at La Biennale di Venezia website
  • Venice Film Festival at the Internet Movie Database

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