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Vice President of the People's Republic of China

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Subject: Soong Ching-ling, List of Presidents of the People's Republic of China, Politics of China, List of Presidents of China, Xi Jinping
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Vice President of the People's Republic of China

Vice President of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国副主席
Incumbent
Li Yuanchao

since 14 March 2013
Residence Zhongnanhai
Appointer National People's Congress
Term length five years, renewable once consecutively
Inaugural holder Zhu De
Formation 1954–1975
June 18, 1983
Website Presidency


The Vice President of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国副主席; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國副主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Fùzhǔxí), formerly translated as Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, or abbreviated Guójiā Fùzhǔxí 国家副主席, literally State Vice-chairman) is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.

Selection and Powers

The office was created by the 1982 constitution. Formally, the Vice President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections. The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People's Congress, which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President.

By law, the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older. He or she cannot serve for over two terms, a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC, which is five years.

The Vice President's duties include assisting the President, and replacing him should he resign or die in office. In reality the position of the Vice-President is mostly ceremonial; Vice Presidents Zeng Qinghong, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping have been members of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee and the Central Secretariat, the country's main decision making bodies; these three served concurrently as the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat, in charge of party affairs.

The Vice-President may play a major role in foreign affairs. For instance, the Vice-President generally sits on the Foreign Affairs Leading Group, a policy coordination body of the Communist Party. The Vice-President has also typically sits on the Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs. Therefore, while the Vice-President may not actually have substantive powers as defined in the Constitution, the office nonetheless carries significance and prestige. The holders of the office have all been individuals with a degree of political clout.

Currently, Vice-President Li Yuanchao is the member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China, but not the Standing Committee.

List of vice presidents

Generations of leadership

      First Administration       Second Administration       Third Administration       Hu–Wen Administration       Xi–Li Administration

Central People's Government (1949–1954)

Vice Chairmen of the Central People's Government

Co-serving (1 October 1949 – 27 September 1954)

The 1st Constitution (1954–1975)

Vice Chairmen of the People's Republic China
Portrait Name
(BirthcDeath)
Constituency
Term of office NPC Chairman
1 Zhu De
朱德
(1898–1969)
Sichuan At-large
27 September 1954 27 April 1959 I Mao Zedong
The first Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China.
2 Song Qingling
宋庆龄
(1893–1981)
Shanghai At-large
Dong Biwu
董必武
(1886–1975)
Hubei At-large
27 April 1959 17 January 1975 II · III Liu Shaoqi
Served jointly as Vice Chairmen.
Vacancy by ascension and post abolished

The 4th Constitution (1982–present)

Vice President of the People's Republic China
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office NPC President
3 Ulanhu
乌兰夫
(1906–1988)
Inner Mongolia At-large
18 June 1983 8 April 1988 VI Li Xiannian
The first Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
4 Wang Zhen
王震
(1908–1993)
Xinjiang At-large
18 June 1983 12 March 1993 VII Yang Shangkun
The second Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
5 Rong Yiren
荣毅仁
(1916–2005)
Shanghai At-large
12 March 1993 15 March 1998 VIII Jiang Zemin
The third Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
6 Hu Jintao
胡锦涛
(1942– )
Guizhou At-large
15 March 1998 15 March 2003 IX Jiang Zemin
The fourth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the first Vice President to become President.
7 Zeng Qinghong
曾庆红
(1939– )
Jiangxi At-large
15 March 2003 15 March 2008 X Hu Jintao
The fifth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
8 Xi Jinping
习近平
(1953– )
Shanghai At-large
15 March 2008 14 March 2013 XI Hu Jintao
The sixth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the second Vice President to become President.
9 Li Yuanchao
李源潮
(1950– )
Jiangsu At-large
13 March 2013 Incumbent XII Xi Jinping
The seventh Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.

See also

External links

  • The President's Official Website
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