World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Victory Tests

Article Id: WHEBN0002347232
Reproduction Date:

Title: Victory Tests  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lindsay Hassett, Cricket in World War II, Australian cricket team in Australia in 1946–47, History of the England cricket team from 1945, Howard Marshall (broadcaster)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Victory Tests

The Victory 'Tests'
Date 19 May 1945 – 22 August 1945
Location England
Result five match series drawn 2-2
Teams
England Australia
Captains
Wally Hammond Lindsay Hassett
Most runs
380 Len Hutton
369 Wally Hammond
514 Keith Miller
417 Cec Pepper
Most wickets
25 Dick Pollard
15
23 Reginald Ellis
20 Cec Pepper

The Victory Tests were a series of cricket matches played in England from 19 May to 22 August 1945, between a combined Australian Services XI and an English national side. The first match began less than two weeks after the end of World War II in Europe, and the matches were embraced by the public of England as a way to get back to their way of life from before the war.

The matches are known as the "Victory Tests", but they were never given Test match status by the participating Boards of Control, because the Australian Cricket Board feared their side was not strong enough to compete with a near Test-strength England, so the games only had first class status.

In all, the teams played five three-day matches, two of which were won by each side with one drawn. 367,000 people attended the matches at Lord's (three matches), Old Trafford and Bramall Lane (one each), with the final game at Lord's attracting a then-record 93,000 people for a single three-day match.

Contents

  • Australian Services XI 1
  • English side 2
  • Results 3
    • First "Test" 3.1
    • Second "Test" 3.2
    • Third "Test" 3.3
    • Fourth "Test" 3.4
    • Fifth "Test" 3.5
  • After the Victory Tests 4
  • References 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7

Australian Services XI

The Australian side was an amalgam of an RAAF XI, which had already been stationed in England during the war, and another group of mostly AIF soldiers from Australia. The players were deliberately stationed with each other in England for the express purpose of forming a cricket team to tour the country, with Australian prime minister John Curtin pushing for the immediate resumption of international cricket after the war was over. The team was officially a military unit, commanded by Squadron Leader Stan Sismey, the team's wicket-keeper. Lindsay Hassett was the on-field captain.

Only one player in the side, future Test captain Lindsay Hassett, had any previous Test match experience, and the rest of the side was made up mostly of Australian Sheffield Shield players. Keith Miller, at the time only considered a promising batsman with Victoria, played what many consider to be his 'breakout' series in the Victory Tests, ensuring that when he returned to Australia he would have a place in the Australian national team now referred to as The Invincibles.

Graham Williams, the team's main strike bowler, had only been released from a German prisoner of war camp weeks before the series started, and played at 31 kg (68 lb) below his pre-war playing weight. In between overs he drank glasses of glucose and water to keep his energy up, but when he was unable to bowl Miller took his place.

The Australian team, despite being split by rank and service, all took their place in the side in good spirit and not much was made of the fact that Hassett, a warrant officer who was outranked by almost every other member of the team, was appointed captain.

English side

The English side's batting line-up was strong enough to be considered Test-strength, with players like Len Hutton, Wally Hammond, Les Ames, Bill Edrich and Cyril Washbrook, all of whom played Test cricket for England. Hutton held the record for the highest individual Test innings at the time with the 364 that he scored against Australia in 1938, and Hammond boasted 7,249 Test runs at an average of 58.45 over his career, despite being over 40 by the time the Victory Tests were played.

But although the English batting side was far superior to the Australians, they only managed to score over 300 runs in one innings for the entire Victory Test tour.

Their bowling was seen as their weakness, and indeed a lot of changes were made to the bowling attack throughout the series. It worked for the last match of the series, when Australia were kept to under 250 runs in both of their innings, but none of the bowlers - bar seam bowler George Pope took eight wickets in the second match, only to miss the third, and then came back to take six in the fourth match.

Results

First "Test"

England: 267 and 294
Australia: 455 and 4/107

Australia won by 6 wickets.

Second "Test"

England: 286 and 190
Australia: 147 and 288

England won by 41 runs.

Third "Test"

England: 254 and 164
Australia: 194 and 6/225

Australia won by 4 wickets.

Fourth "Test"

Australia: 388 and 4/140
England: 7 dec./468

Match drawn.

Fifth "Test"

Australia: 173 and 210
England: 243 and 4/141

England won by 6 wickets. Series drawn 2-2.

After the Victory Tests

Following on from the success of the tour of England, the Australian Services XI traveled through India and Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) for four months at the request of Australian external affairs minister Dr H.V. Evatt, before returning to Australia to play against Sheffield Shield state sides. The gruelling schedule resulted in many players in the Services side playing well below their capabilities, and by the time they were back in Australia they were routinely beaten easily by the local teams.

However, the importance of the Victory Test tour as a whole cannot be understated, because it helped people get back to their normal lives after the war, and unearthed some of the great cricketers of the time.

References

  • Wilson, Neil (30 July 2005). "Out of the Ashes". weekend, p. 8.
  • Australian Services in England 1945 scorecards on CricketArchive
  • "The Sports Factor" report, from Radio National

See also

External links

  • Forgotten Heroes: The 1945 Australian Services Cricket Team, Ed Jaggard, Sporting Traditions, May 1996 (PDF)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.